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there's a point past which taxation is essentially regressive as a result

Perhaps, but the US is not past that point. Every level of income pays a higher rate of taxes than the level below it according to IRS reports.

Separately, none of the issues I listed are hypothetical.




> Every level of income pays a higher rate of taxes than the level below it according to IRS reports

Does their definition of "income" include capital gains for the purpose of those reports? I don't see how this could possibly be true if it does, given that capital gains constitute the largest part of overall income past a certain point on the scale.


Does their definition of "income" include capital gains for the purpose of those reports?

Yes

https://taxfoundation.org/summary-latest-federal-income-tax-...


It doesn't show up in their data, because they cut off at 0.1% - the hump is slightly higher than that. This shows where it was as of 2014.

https://www.taxpolicycenter.org/taxvox/how-capital-gains-aff...

I'm not sure where it is today, exactly. But it's easy to see that it's always going to be there, simply by virtue of increasing proportion of capital gains at higher income levels.




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