This should rebuild all.
There should be an e.g. `apt-get upgrade -y && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists` in there somewhere (because base images are usually not totally current (and neither are install ISOs)).
`docker build --no-cache --pull`
You should check that each Dockerfile extends FROM `tag:latest` or the latest version of the tag that you support. Its' not magical, you do have to work it.
Also, IMHO, Docker SHOULD NOT create another Linux distribution.