Once in my BMW, the gas plug froze stock, os i Couldnt get gas.
The biggest difference, is that i can remotely start the AC/Defrost the Tesla, with my phone. I do that 10 mins before i Drive, and everything is fine.
I have a Model 3 in New England and I love it. My range is about 30% less than it should be due to the cold but I kind of expected that and I just plan my trips accordingly. Like most M3 owners (I think) 99% of the time I charge at home anyway.
Pre-heating definitely takes it's toll.
The flip side of that is it pre-heats faster than any car I have ever owned. 30F to 70F in 15 minutes. And as a bonus I can pre-heat it in my garage without poisoning myself.
I haven't had the door handle issue. My understanding is it is a lot to do with the fact it is recessed and there is nothing to grab onto to break the ice / plus the ice can get behind the handle. But the window sticking issue... I had an Audi with a frameless window and that happened on it too.
BUT... and this is a big but... I have a garage for my car and the coldest it has gotten this year where I am is -3F (and that was in the middle of the night). Which is nowhere near as cold as the polar vortex temperatures.
Edit: My biggest complaint with it is actually the build quality. The gap between the door and the frame is huge in some places and the exterior paint quality leaves something to be desired. Plus for some odd reason the web browser in the dash sometimes requires a system reboot to work which sounds like no big deal but there are a lot of cool web based "apps" for Tesla cars. But overall, I am extremely happy with my purchase.
Batteries - everybody knows that the voltage drops in cold weather. This is of course big issue in the electric cars, but is an issue with a gas cars too. Bellow -20C, you will start to feel that it's harder to start a car, even with rather fresh battery.
Car door handles, what the hell is this problem? You need to lube door handles and door rubber gaskets (sorry if terminology is wrong) for probably every car if you do not want to have _any_ trouble in seriously cold weather. Stickier door handles or door freezing to the car's body is usual occurrence for me every single winter.
But those are different issues to e.g. losing range faster. It'd taken people a long time to learn what to expect from a gasoline car in cold weather, and a lot of time for manufacturers to minimize the problems as well.
It'll take time for manufacturers to optimize for that different set of challenges, and time for car owners to get used to different considerations.
> Car door handles, what the hell is this problem?
The design leaves you nothing to grab, like a more traditional car door that can be grasped?
All Teslas, especially the M3 since it doesn’t even have a traditional key fob(I think they’re going to start selling those for the M3 as well), have remote lock/unlock and remote controlled heating from the app, so that’s a non-issue.
I think they don't want to do it because they're worried if you open the door with the car in a slope, it could swing into the road or hit another car. The door has no way to close itself too.
Teslas have door handles that work differently from ordinary cars, and that seems to cause problems with freezing weather. Different models have different mechanisms, but the root cause seems to be the desire to have the handles lie flush for the sake of appearances.
This table on wikipedia puts the Model S and Prius at the same coefficient: 0.24. The Model 3 is a rounding error better, at 0.23. The Model X is a rounding error worse, at 0.25. Another list with helpful pictures shows that literally every other low-drag mass market vehicle has conventional handles.
Re: range vs MPG — range anxiety isn't an issue for hybrids, because filling up at a gas station is extremely fast. So having better MPG — which is more a cost metric (and to some extent a badge of feeling good about being eco-friendly) — is less important than having longer range on an EV, because when you exceed an EV's range it's quite a bit more painful than when you exceed a hybrid's range. Technically better MPG means better range assuming tank size is equivalent, but range isn't a number many people care about for hybrids; it usually doesn't appear in marketing, whereas MPG does (and typically without tank size, so range isn't even deducible). For EVs range is one of the headline numbers, whereas MPGe typically doesn't appear in marketing.
For electric it's an amplified effect, because a slightly lower drag coefficient means less energy use per mile, which means you can have a smaller battery, which in turn means lighter, which is again less energy per mile.
"5% compared to existing doorhandle designs"
5% efficiency of what? Extracting money from gullible customers wooed by gimmicks perhaps.
It's certainly not making the vehicle 5% more energy efficient across an entire typical discharge cycle, where accelerating the beast is the domimant factor and is entirely unaffected by doorhandle streamlining.
Removing the doorhandles, would also reduce drag.
I have owned multiple cars as far back as the 80s having doorhandles flush with the body, without involving any particularly fancy or electronic gimmickery.
Are you familiar with the concept of diminishing returns? Tesla is like Juicero in this regard, but they're at least somewhat selective about it focusing on areas the consumer directly interacts with which improves sales.
Any vehicle can have difficulty in extreme cold, though with an ICE engine, if it starts, it's generally okay after a short warm-up, and gasoline doesn't lose range by getting cold.
1: different usage of accessories to make the occupants comfortable, e.g. warming up interior for longer, running heated seats...
2: physical changes that affect the overall car: denser air resistance, higher rolling resistance..
the one point that is specific to an ICE engine is friction from running colder oils, the rest seem to apply to both ICE, hybrid and electric vehicles, the latter two more so.
overall the takeaway seems to be that most losses in an ICE vehicles are not about the powertrain, whereas a hybrid/electric vehicle has almost all the losses of an ICE vehicle but with significantly more battery degradation.
thats your own damage, dude.
Also at least a few times in my life during a cold snap I arrived to a car frozen shut. It is this thing that happens sometimes.
As for loosing some battery charge overnight - if possible, car should be plugged. It heats the battery after all and it is very good for overall battery health and longevity.
Tesla really does good job to keep the battery in shape.
TLDR: (Internal Combustion) Car Mileage Drops By 22~34% In Winter For Short Trips