One, is the question of "how long" does a flip take? There is some evidence that it can take as few as 100 years, the previous consensus estimate (2004) was about 7000 years. That is important because the faster it happens the more havoc it is likely to cause. If it happens over thousands of years then humans will adapt to a 'non constant' compass direction and find other ways to navigate. For example, GPS 'north' which can always point you to 0,0 on the globe.
The second thing is the timing. The pole is currently "racing" towards Siberia, so it may have already started flipping. At 30 miles a year it would take 416 years to fully flip. That is well within the 7000 year window and only 4x the 100 year window.
It is one of the more interesting confounding influences on climate change as changes in the magnetic field strength and orientation can change the amount of energy that makes it into the atmosphere from the Sun. That works both ways, either reducing the energy (more charged particles deflected) making it colder or increasing the energy (more charged particles impact the atmosphere) making it warmer.
Source: I did my PhD work on the Steens Mountain reversal. It is the Earth's reversal with the most transitional directions recorded in much more reliable volcanic rocks. This was possible because of the huge volume of the Columbia River Basalts that were erupting at that time around 16.7 million years ago. Unfortunately it happened so long ago that direct radioactive dating of its length is impossible with current methods.
Actually the more pressing matter regards animals that employ magnetoreception (birds, bacteria even!) where a change like this might be particularly devastating. This of course assumes that there is not already some undiscovered non-genetic mechanism to help with adjusting, say socially or physiologically. Human technology could adapt in at most a matter of decades, while genetic adaptation would takes orders of magnitude longer.
For those who don't have the time like I didn't
Organite is a substance made of resin metals and quartz that balances and harmonizes Bio-energy (known as orgone).
Orgone is analogous to chi or prana and is a type of bio-energy that reverses the effect of entropy
It seems to be a mix of crystal healing and EMF grounding (also known as earthing)
- Neutralizes emf radiation.
- Clears negative energy.
- Aids in meditation.
- Supports restful sleep.
- Enhances lucid dreaming.
- Relieves stress.
- Purifies the living area.
- Can detoxify water.
If your theory is found to be against the second law of theromodynamics, I give you no hope; there is nothing for it but to collapse in deepest humiliation. - Arthur Eddington
You should research Wilhelm Reich, a student of Freud's who came up with the term "orgone", who fled to the US to escape the Nazis only to have his writings confiscated and burnt by the US government, which imprisoned him until he died.
 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Reich
I think this is underappreciated ethical dilemma, rather like Typhoid Mary. I don't think that Wilhelm Reich thought of himself as a quack, or a fraud - he was more of a kind of technological mystic. While he himself was doubtless earnest, this kind of thing really is memetically dangerous - Scientology, for example, is a deliberate and successful attempt to weaponize it. Even now, people do crazy things like "seed" areas with "orgonite" to dispel "negative energy" - that is, they litter the ground with bits of metal encased with resin. A whole religion of woo, just from a few years of exposure to Reich's ideas.
So what is one to do with someone who is earnestly good-intentioned, highly charismatic, and completely stark-raving mad?
Ignore them as you should any other crackpot, charlatan or fraud. Don't waste your energy, time or money on them except to be entertained.
True? He died a year in to a two year sentence for violating an injunction against him from committing fraud by selling his orgone accumulators.
She also liked Bach flower remedies, and took one in particular for her memory…
She now has severe Alzheimer’s and, conversationally speaking, is no better than a Markov chain with a ~1000 symbol vocabulary.
So sure are you, hmmm??
If we were pretty certain this was going to actually happen, the article would be: The Pole is flipping soon! Here's what you need to know. etc
The modern measurements which underpin this observation have interesting parallels to the Vedic timekeeping of the Upanishads. Barely a (Brahma) day has passed since the beginning of the universe, and orders of magnitude more time must pass before Vishnu will blink for the first time :)
The Earth's magnetic field is created mostly by the convecting liquid iron/nickel outer core of the Earth. It is a quite turbulent system and can not be modeled very well for numerous reasons. Here are a few:
The pressure and temperature is so high that depth (2900-5100km below the surface) in the Earth that is impossible to create similar conditions on the Earth's surface for more that milliseconds on milligram samples. The only measurements that can be made of the core are from seismic waves passing through thousands of kilometers of the heterogeneous Earth. We have decent measurements for the Earth's magnetic field only since people have been recording compass readings (1600AD or so) and really good global measurements only since satellite readings starting in the 1960's. IAAPM (I am a paleomagnetist) and am happy to answer questions about this topic.
"At present, the overall geomagnetic field is becoming weaker; the present strong deterioration corresponds to a 10–15% decline over the last 150 years and has accelerated in the past several years; geomagnetic intensity has declined almost continuously from a maximum 35% above the modern value achieved approximately 2,000 years ago. The rate of decrease and the current strength are within the normal range of variation, as shown by the record of past magnetic fields recorded in rocks."
By short time I mean that some physical properties of matter at high temperatures and pressures can be determined by observing high velocity collisions or explosions, but these are short lived phenomena. A lot of effort has been spent on experiments like this for understanding how nuclear bombs behave. Some of those experiments help inform, say, the properties of iron under high temp and pressure and have been declassified so us mere Earth scientists can learn about it.
Using google scholar (not regular google), I found this recent article "Contributed Review: Culet diameter and the achievable pressure of a diamond anvil cell: Implications for the upper pressure limit of a diamond anvil cell" https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5049720
I would read this to update my ideas about what diamond anvil cells can do right now.
Then, if I wanted to actually use one or find out if I should use one, I would talk with one of the authors of a paper referenced in the review paper that I thought was good and dealt with the particular reason I wanted to use one.
That was a bit long winded. Hope it helped.
"Jupiter’s magnetic field has two south poles."
"Roughly every 11 years, the magnetic field of the sun reverses, north becomes south, and south becomes north. The same thing happens on Earth, but only about once every 300,000 years."
"The magnetic North Pole is moving about 55km per year at the moment. Last year it wandered over the international dateline and ended up in the Eastern hemisphere."
This is a shift of the earth's crust with respect to the earth's core generated north and south magnetic poles. Earth's magnetic poles are created by the flow of ions in the earth's core and is somewhat closely aligned to be parallel to the axis of rotation. We expect about 90 degree shift of the crust as planet-X passes earth's orbit on its way through our solar system. The new North Pole will be off the coast of Brazil and the new South Pole is off the coast of India. It is associated with lots of other earth changes before, during and after the pole shift. See the following description for more details.
The hardest part is actually finding a generic e-ink reader with an sd card slot that doesn't cost $500. It shouldn't need to run full android, just show a PDF or TXT, that's all it needs to do.
An offline wikipedia dump, emergency medical manual and PDR, survival manuals, etc etc like this site might go well.
Boy Scout Field Guide and an Army survival manual, sorted.
Your paper books won't last as long: today's paper is acidic and falls apart within a century.
I love old books, and this saddens me.
Though if civilization collapsed bad enough to need this I think most of the useful information I'd want saved was published in the 1800s and so out of copyright. We wouldn't be able to use the knowledge of how to make a transistor until long after even acid free paper was useless.
What are you talking about? Transistors don't require some huge industrial base to build; the first one was made with some gold and a germanium crystal. A lot of technologies don't build on top of older technologies, they bypass them altogether. Your rebooted civilization does not need to go through a phase with fossil-fuel-burning cars to get to electric vehicles, for instance. A rebooted civilization, with stored knowledge of modern technology and enough smart people able to make use of that knowledge would be able to get back to current tech levels pretty quickly, and probably avoid most of the mistakes of the past as well.
As for useful information from the 1800s, that would mean you're losing all the modern medical knowledge, which is pretty important, and much of which does not require advanced technology to utilize. Back then, they barely even understood germs and the importance of washing hands (surgeons didn't even bother!). That alone saves tons of lives, and requires no real technology at all.
I do agree that there are a lot of things we have learned that do apply, but a lot of modern medicine requires laboratories that we wouldn't be able to build. Hand washing only goes so far, can you make a polio vaccine in your kitchen? Can you make an ibuprofen pill - pure enough to safely use?
I don't have one - my phone contains an offline wikipedia dump (including images), offline maps of the world including geological maps, medical manual, and my book collection, including things like http://the-knowledge.org/en-gb/.
I've got a vague plan to download the primitive technology youtube videos too.
Also, I do have a solar cell, but yeah, modern phones aren't really designed for post apocalyptic conditions surprisingly.
Fortunately, all that is also useful in tunnels, underground bars, the countryside and when travelling abroad.
Finding a e-ink reader like that is very easy: just go to eBay, and grab any of the used Nook Simple Touch on sale. Can be had for less than $20 if you look around, and it has an SD card slot.
(Probably other formats too, but epubs are all I use)
Or, as was known in Fallout, the Garden of Eden Creation Kit (G.E.C.K.)
Almost room for a new hardware platform here.
>6922 Files, 14.8 GB
If things get real bad you could always burn it to keep warm.
In print form it's probably a better use of space than a bunch of stuffed animals but I think you're probably better off getting a bunch of cheap android phones and sticking it on the SD card and using most of that space for something else.
So the movie 2012 was based on existing daft ideas or did they get those ideas from the movie?
This is not incorrect, even if it is a little garden-pathy.
I wonder why doomsayers keep predicting the end of the world to be in the imminent future? It makes it way too easy to be proven wrong.
In the end, I didn't promote it heavily and forgot to celebrate on the appointed day (or choose the next date). Maybe I should start it back up again.
Not that that deterred anyone determined to believe, of course.
Wouldn't it be easier, and arguably smarter, to maintain a offline wikipedia archive? I can appreciate that reliance on a third party may go against the prepper mindset.
I wonder if there wouldn't be more seismic activity?
And (possibly) one directly for hunting: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2011/01/1...
Yes. then proceeds to define "soon"
Original link worked for me, fwiw.
https://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/historical_declination/ (switch view to Arctic)
"Will world hunger continue into next year?"
If you intended that as a light-hearted witty response (as I believe you did), then you got a chuckle out of me.
And magnetic flips don't happen "suddenly" in the timescale of a plane flight.
If the flip is really slow, then that seems to lead to less human catastrophe, but more difficult perhaps for other species?
> Let’s spend billions of tax dollars in an attempt to stop the field from flipping.
> Scientists are always correct.
No actual scientists are arguing that it is man made...