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What worked 10,000 years ago? Not being snarky, I'd like to know.

Our bodies are still largely the same. Our skeletons still articulate the same way, muscles still attach in the same places, and our bodies still respond in the same way to what we eat. (There have been some minor changes but nothing that is that significant.) If you were to run and jump, pick up heavy things, throw stuff, swing from trees, go for long walks, and generally do all the things a child---or a hunter-gatherer---does when outdoors you would be very fit (in a general sense; excelling at a specific sport requires specific training).

Balanced exercise, progressive overload, consistency, a good diet, and enough rest are by far the most important factors in fitness. That's been the case for 10,000 years at least. Access to a barbell and bumper plates, or a bike, or protein powder makes at least an order of magnitude less difference.

Walking a lot, fasting (usually unintentionally), occasional higher-intensity work. No easy access to sugar.

Thinking about it, only time people would have easy access to carbs is during the period of natural ripening of fruit, so late summer/early fall.

Perhaps harvesting and storing honey in limited quantities as well?

tubers have lots of carbs though

Many of the activities we do today for recreation are surrogates for things that were a means of survival for our ancestors.

George's Hebert, a French naval officer who introduced to the world the modern military obstacle course was inspired by fitness of indigenous tribes he had met in Africa.

"Their bodies were splendid, flexible, nimble, skillful, enduring, and resistant but yet they had no other tutor in gymnastics but their lives in nature."

Hebert's Grandson, David Belle, founded Parkour.

Pyramid sets. Archaeological evidence supports this, cf. Egypt.

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