Rank Country Ethnic Fractionalization Index Cultural Diversity Index
63 Switzerland 0.575 0.418
85 United States 0.491 0.271
159 North Korea 0.002 0.002
Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization
Switzerland 0.531400 0.544100 0.608300
United States 0.490100 0.564700 0.824100
Korea, North 0.002000 0.002100 0.660400
Even in the supposedly mainstream culture, I have almost nothing in common with "Red Tribe" Americans. Just because we share a language, ethnic identity, and religious category does not mean we are homogenous by any means. I often have much more in common with people of a different ethnicity and religion than those statistics would indicate.
I don't know anything about language families native to Switzerland.
The census in Switzerland counts over 40 main languages spoken in Switzerland. 64% German.
In the US the census only counts 32 languages spoken at home. 70% English only.
Probably these are not comparable and this doesn't really prove anything.
> When's the last time Switzerland had a civil war
1847, but I don't understand how that's relevant.
> Is there a deeply ingrained bias against other Swiss depending only on how they look?
Sadly, yes. Immigrating and becoming Swiss is difficult, but it does happen. Swiss with a migration background suffer a higher rate of racial discrimination.
I don't know how this compares to the US.
A lot of these questions are extremely US-centric in worldview. I'll try and answer them anyway.
Firstly, how do you define 'indigenous group'? Switzerland is in central Europe, it wasn't colonised in recent times. There are a lot of people from all across Europe here, and in particular lots of immigrants from places like Turkey and the Balkans, i.e. Muslim. I don't know if they'd count or not.
Language families is again a vague term, but there are at minimum four: German, Italian, French and Romansch. However the reality is much more complex. German is only used in formal and written settings, the daily spoken language is a mishmash of what are euphemistically called "Swiss German dialects" but in reality are almost entirely different languages to German. German people cannot understand them, for example. Imagine trying to understand medieval English and you're in the right general area but 10x worse. These dialects also vary significantly across different cities. Oh, and of course English is both widely spoken and used in daily life due to the huge foreign population that has never got to grips with the chaotic language situation.
Switzerland had its last civil war in 1847, so roughly in the same time period as the USA did.
With respect to 'deeply ingrained bias based on only how they look', this is exceptionally US centric. There have been ethno-religious conflicts all over the world and throughout history between people who look identical. Just look at the history of the Troubles in Ireland, or the state of Africa. The USA is actually quite unusual in having such serious racial tensions based purely on skin colour. There's nothing special about Switzerland in not having those problems, it certainly doesn't make the society "homogenous".
Less than 60% of people in LA were born in the US. There are less whites (<30%) than hispanics (47%). There are also 10% asians, 10% blacks. On top of that, I can tell you that there are neighborhoods in Los Angeles where specific ethnicities are so concentrated that the street signs are largely or entirely in foreign languages. This is true for the following languages: Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Thai, Armenian, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, and Spanish.