I find this fascinating. We've had centuries of great scientists solving difficult problems but we don't really know how people perceive problems in the first place. It isn't a trivial skill: many people apparently can't see them. They become distressed when a contradiction between accepted ideas is pointed out and usually try to jump to a non-solution. Yet a few, e.g. Professors and PhD supervisors, can reliably identify subtle and important problems. Even if they can't solve them.
Pick 100 bugfix commits from source control. Read each one and try to find bins for each bug. You may find that a very large fraction (often more than half) fit into a bin for which a very small change to tooling or process could prevent. That change hasn't made because having this type of bug is "normal"
The genius is a genius by the first look he casts on any object. Is his eye creative? – Emerson, Representative Men
(That seems related to Emerson's remark that though he didn't have a musical ear, he had musical eyes. I like that.)