1. In statistics max likelihood method was developed and used to great effect and continues to this day, was developed by Fisher
2. Norman Borlaug saved India and Pakistan from famine in the midst of literally a war that is worthy of a movie.
It seems that uneducated people who can afford $19 avocados are the only ones who we listen to these days when it comes to feeding the planet.
For me, this line sums up the dedication of the founder of this seed bank. He traveled extensively and worked tirelessly.
It bothers me that this whole thing is news to me.
This means that in a post-apocaliptic scenery you coulnd't just go to a museum and eat safely a butterfly collection or an herbarium, not matter how hungry you are. Would be also really silly to save uncoated valuable seeds in the fortress of solitude when the first human finding it would need to consume the seeds just to stay alive and be able to return home with the seeds. If not done yet, we should probably store an alternative source of food and fat in the same place to be eaten by the future scouts before allowing them to enter in the real collection.
I’m personally a big fan of the “Extra History” youtube channel that has quite a lot of those inspiring little nuggets of history that people seem to have forgotten. And “Dan Carlin’s Hardcore History” for a deep dive into different historical eras.
I’m hoping that future teachers would just recommend or even assign listening to / watching additional sources like those.
I keep being surprised how true it is that the victors get to write the history books. Churchill killed a third as many people as Hitler did but people generally seem to be OK with that.
1. The UK had a coalition government and a war cabinet of 9 not a dictatorship by Churchill, so "directly responsible" is pure hyperbole.
2. Burma fell in 42 from which point Bengal lost previous regular rice imports and was now on the front line with the Japanese.
3. Many of the Indian states under their respective Maharajas applied trade restrictions with Bengal after the fall of Burma, through 42 starting with Punjab. That significantly heightened food shortages and profiteering. It was the inability to internally import rice that was perhaps the largest single factor.
4. Bengal was inundated with half a million refugees fleeing Burma.
5. At that point in the war there was little could be done to prevent Japanese attacks in the Bay of Bengal. The War Cabinet did indeed decline Mountbatten's requests for shipping food due to expected losses.
6. A series of natural disasters in the region, including extensive crop disease and a cyclone that killed 15,000 and spread the disease spores widely.
Churchill personally could have prevented all that, at the height of the war?
Now had you pointed at Bengal's governor, who made some questionable decisions during the crisis, I think you'd have had more of a case.
“Over the course of the blockade 18 employees of the bread factory died at work”
There was another incident, a case study in the early 70s, where a very obese man went on a full fast under researcher supervision and lost all his excess weight in a year or so.
He does agree with you though, says he stopped feeling hungry after a few weeks.
It sounds like the guy in your link was just straight-up starving himself at home, which seems like a much worse idea. It's an interesting story, though, so thanks for sharing it!
Also 37-48 days between bowel movements O_O
Mental and cognitive states while slowly starving: not that good
Malnutrition is a slow process. It doesn’t feel very intense.
I’m basically starving while surrounded by food, like these people. What keeps me from eating it is that it causes greater pain to eat than not to.
To code_duck: Does having vegetables help - is that non-gluten? I have no grains or cereals, and just have lots of vegetables (leafy and non-leafy) and food with fat in it (e.g. avocados). This has helped me lose about 25 kilos of body fat, and I'm on my journey to cut down another 7.5 kilos of body fat.
Maybe we can actually heal a lot of stuff on our own anyways and the use of alternative medicines is just a concomittant hazard.
western science is extremely limited, and mainly because of arrogance and superiority complex.
yes we DO heal a lot of stuff on our own, and what things like homeopathy and ayurveda do is exactly to help your body do the healing by itself, with just a gentle help.
You give proper treatment to some people, and you give a placebo to others. Then you check if there's any difference.
I don't see how that would work with western medicine and not with homeopathy and ayurvedic medicine. Please explain.
While I am not an authority on whether such double blind tests have been performed or not, I do know that the Eastern medicine systems have been in use for a few thousand years. There are proper University courses, regular practitioners, and thousands of success stories.
Do look up Ayurveda.
Fooling themselves is perfectly possible with controls and blind tests too..
The guy who basically set up the seed vault was killed by his own people he was trying to help. Very depressing.
Looks like the UK's 'Millenium Seed Bank' is the world's largest wild-plant repository.
Vavilov's work was criticized by Trofim Lysenko, whose anti-Mendelian concepts of plant biology had won favor with Joseph Stalin. As a result, Vavilov was arrested and subsequently sentenced to death in July 1941. Although his sentence was commuted to twenty years' imprisonment, he died of starvation in prison in 1943.
The Leningrad seedbank was diligently preserved through the 28-month Siege of Leningrad. While the Soviets had ordered the evacuation of art from the Hermitage, they had not evacuated the 250,000 samples of seeds, roots, and fruits stored in what was then the world's largest seedbank. A group of scientists at the Vavilov Institute boxed up a cross section of seeds, moved them to the basement, and took shifts protecting them. Those guarding the seedbank refused to eat its contents, even though by the end of the siege in the spring of 1944, nine of them had died of starvation.
The article also indicates his reputation was rehabilitated posthumously:
In 1955, Vavilov's death sentence was posthumously reversed at a hearing of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union, undertaken as part of a de-Stalinization effort to review Stalin-era death sentences. By the 1960s his reputation was publicly rehabilitated and he began to be hailed as a hero of Soviet science.
.. then a year later nine other scientist died of starvation
according to the Soviets.
Yeah call me a skeptic on this. I bet they just sentence his fellow scientist with the same crime and then later when they found out he was right, re-wrote the story. Again, serious doubts.
Source #14 in the wikipedia article
The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov
He died gruesomely. So did 9 scientists who starved to death. This seems to fit perfectly well with the idea that scientists were treated pretty badly.
Would you like to more clearly state what you think is untrue here? Because I'm quite baffled.
Nobody said otherwise. The article we're discussing tells the same story.
You appear to be attacking a strawman that you made up after skimming the article.
The people were in a state of starvation, your ability to walk distances in freezing conditions is linked to the amount of fat on your bones and the quality of clothing, pretty sure neither of those were very optimal at the time.