I expected stuff like AIFF, RIFF, WAV, and MP3 - interesting that that's the exact same term (non-native speaker here)
In German we have the word Tonträger  which doesn't seem to map to any direct translation on Wikipedia, I know those categories are sometimes diverging between the languages.
Closest word in English is phonorecord, it's not really used by the general population.
That was a really interesting article, especially this part: "In 1949 at Fuld Hall in Rutgers University, Paul Braverman made a 75-minute recording of a Woody Guthrie concert using a wire recorder. The recording only came to light in 2001, and appears to be the only surviving live recording of Woody Guthrie; it was restored over several years and released on CD in 2007. The CD, The Live Wire: Woody Guthrie in Performance 1949, subsequently won the 2008 Grammy Award for Best Historical Album."
> The compact cassette technology was originally designed for dictation machines, but improvements in fidelity led the Compact Cassette to supplant the Stereo 8-track cartridge and reel-to-reel tape recording in most non-professional applications.