The rubbish I see here is a man who doesn't understand the laws he's trying to push forward. All websites (for the most part) are trying to make at least enough money to keep running via advertising. Any website with a comments section (hey, this one included) would need to extensively monitor all posts by the public to ensure no one posts anything copyrighted.
What it will effectively mean is that many websites won't bother allowing access from the EU anymore. Already, I have to screenshot and email my sister in Britain recipes from a Canadian website that doesn't want to deal with GDPR. Imagine how difficult it will be when there's copyright liabilities from content you didn't know you were 'publishing'.
He fully understands what he wants, but he is a member of CDU, so he couldn't care less. This whole shit happened because German publishers got their beloved "Leistungsschutzrecht" kicked into the bin by the constitutional court. So, instead of accepting defeat they and their cronies started lobbying in the EU, so they can reintroduce it and say "Oh, we are so sorry, we didn't want to do this, but they FORCED US!" ... its an age old strategy.
(It's not precisely a "democratic/undemocratic" thing either, because it can happen equally well at the national level.)
> I once asked Rupert Murdoch why he was so opposed to the European Union. 'That’s easy,' he replied. 'When I go into Downing Street they do what I say; when I go to Brussels they take no notice.
He may or may not have said that, but what's clear is the perceived power of the UK press to manipulate governments. UK PM in the 90s, John Major, told an inquiry that Murdoch had demanded he change his position on Europe otherwise lose support. 
He didn't change, and Murdoch supported his opponent in 1997 (who then went on to win)
20 years later, Murdoch executives met with the UK PM or Chancellor (the second most important person in government) 10 times. 
So while perceived EU lobbying may have contributed to brexit, far more likely was 40 years of proven newspaper lobbying.
Isn't that how democracy is supposed to work? I mean not for Mr. Murdoch personally, but if you take the whole press, isn't that one of the instruments through which the society controls - or, if you will, "manipulates" - the government? And if the government can't be "manipulated" by the society, isn't that the definition of tyranny?
As we are now seeing on trade, immigration, agriculture, etc, having the UK government try to take responsibility for those areas means the controversy immediately blows up in their face as suddenly they can no longer say different things to different audiences.
It's quite possible that this behaviour by the UK political classes is what hastened to movement towards Brexit. I personally think that many people in the UK were aware of the behaviour, by both major parties, of using the EU to impose laws for which they lacked democratic support technocratically. Since there was no electable party that stood in contrast to this, the electorate took its opportunity by evicting the EU instead. Seen in this light, Brexit is as much a reflection of a failure of national politics, as it is of continental politics.
The mantra 'taking back control' of many Brexit supporters is perhaps better seen as citizens wanting to stop their government from acting in ways they don't vote for, than as the government taking back control from the EU.
The dissembling (as I see it) of politicians from across the EU on this law (and others before it) indicates that this is not a problem that is restricted to the UK.
Britain more than any other member has managed to get exclusion clauses from any EU regulations or rules we didn't want, so the argument that we couldn't do anything about rules imposed by Brussels is obviously untrue. We opted out of stuff all the time, it was routine. The irony is that if we end up in a soft Brexit situation with an open trade deal with the EU, we won't be able to negotiate any opt-outs anymore because we won't have any representation in Brussels. We'll have to take everything Brussels serves up, or crash out hard.
In order for the government to achieve something at the national level, it would have to have to convince its MPs to publicly vote in support of it and risk losing their seats over it at the next election. The power in the EU rests with people appointed by people appointed by the people we vote for, and that completely diffuses all responsibility. (The elected European Parliament are pretty toothless compared to the unelected appointees.)
You can also vote out your representative in the EU Council (and the council of ministers) because the UK member of the council also has to be a UK MP.
So the power in the EU rests with directly elected politicians and with the Commission, which is appointed/approved/dismissed by directly elected politicians. The Commission alone cannot pass laws.
In some countries, neither the prime minister nor cabinet ministers have to be elected politicians (unlike in the UK). This additional level of indirection obviously extends to the members of the EU council from these countries, but that is a function of national constitutions.
Of course you can vote out your MP, however there is a calculus at play: your MP might be great at the local issues, but then they may support a European rep that is not as good. It would be much better if the EU were directly accountable to the people upon whom they inflict their decrees.
But I actually think that none of these technicalities matter that much. What's missing in the EU democratic process is an EU wide platform for debate, a platform for campaigning on EU wide issues.
This is made more difficult by the fact that we speak so many different languages and that English proficiency is very unevenly distributed among the economic classes (and among countries).
I think what could spark EU wide political debates and allow campaigners to create real political pressure on an EU level would be a directly elected EU president. A face that you can properly hate and blame and really really want to kick out of office :)
I am very much in favour of the United States of Europe, modelled after the USA.
More theater, and a punchbag to sacrifice, like Bush was for Cheney. No thanks!
This is the fundamental problem with representative 'democracy' in general (at least with regard to legislatures); representatives aren't and inherently can't be held accountable for more than one thing per election cycle.
You can say "that's democracy", but it's so diluted it's almost homeopathic.
No. He needs a majority in both the Council _and_ the directly elected EU parliament. Nothing homeopathic about that.
Like in many democratic countries, the head of the EU executive body is not directly elected by the people.
Probably didn't help that they sent useless do-nothing no-show UKIPers like Nigel to the European Parliament.
(Please don't think about it too hard, or look at who introduced the legislation to the EU, or anything else, because it really was us pushing it hard...)
Yeah it irritates me. I'm a bit in-between on the whole Brexit question, I've enjoyed the political chaos that ensues, and things like this just show up the brokenness of the current situation. The EU is very flawed. I voted to remain, but I was under no illusion that we'd get sensible reform to the way the countries engage and participate in the whole thing.
The "accelerationist" approach motivated Dominic Cummings, as well. It's surprising in that with the names filed off you could present it as orthodox Marxism. The key question is "does the Conservative party (and media) collapse before we get into the situation where flights are grounded and we're running out of food, or afterwards". History suggests that we'll have to end up in a full Winter of Discontent situation before they back down.
This is a pretty extreme prediction of the consequences of Brexit.
That's the "zero preparation" scenario. If there is no deal, no deal at all, then the existing flight approval regime ends and carriers are not allowed to fly from the UK to the EU .. or the US. https://ec.europa.eu/transport/sites/transport/files/legisla...
Similarly if the customs arrangement is not sorted out, everyone travelling in both directions through Dover-Calais will have to clear customs. At the moment that will involve "operation Stack" all the way down the M20. Similar regulatory requirements problems will arise; direct delivery will almost certainly still be allowed, but "cabotage" rules apply limiting multi-leg trips.
We had two feet of snow earlier this year which resulted in Scottish supermarkets running out of fresh food for a few days. Snow melts. Brexit doesn't.
We had a civil war for forty years in Northern Ireland. The peace treaty stipulated that there must not be a border on the island of Ireland. The government is refusing to present a viable proposal for Brexit that does not require a border.
Unfortunately, “no deal” is looking increasingly likely. While UK rhetoric appears to still be “[The EU] needs us more than we need them”, the EU’s responses have consistently been otherwise.
This may be related to the observation that the UK’s goals and red-lines (when taken together rather than separately) are incompatible with WTO rules.
The PM stated (in writing!) that she called that election in order to increase her majority and so be able to force through her version of Brexit; however despite losing so many seats she needed a coalition afterwards, which in a democracy ought to be pause for thought, her post-election government not only still wants Brexit but also refuses to countenance any variation from her implausibly over-ambitious goals.
Worth pointing out that the Labour opposition in that election had also pledged to respect the referendum result. Over 89% of votes went to parties with "leave the Single Market and Customs Union" in their manifesto.
Given her current trajectory and staffing picks, I think it's at least plausible that May's objective was to get enough of a majority that she could pursue a "Brexit In Name Only" strategy without being blocked by the Tories' Brexiteer wing, and that the collapse of her vote was a reaction to this by the UKIP-inclined. I certainly saw conspiracy theories along these lines bandied about in the run-up to the election.
If anything, I suspect you'd have more luck arguing from the latest Tory poll bump that the population had gone off the idea.
This confuses me.
 The only claim of yours I am not sure of is the UKIP one: I have not seen evidence to convince me UKIP voters voted tactically to prevent BINO. However, I don’t think it alters your point.
Yup. Treating May as some sort of extreme "hard Brexiteer" is even more hilariously silly.
Labour is the nakedly opportunistic promise-everything-to-everyone-if-it-gets-us-into-power party at the moment. One important point to remember is that the Labour membership and the traditional core Labour vote are very, very different things. The membership, massively skewed by Momentum entryists, is heavily Remain.
> I have not seen evidence to convince me UKIP voters voted tactically to prevent BINO
I'm not convinced of it either, I just find it plausible as a hypothesis. Particularly since May was a (lukewarm) Remainer while Corbyn, despite bowing to pressure during the referendum campaign, is a lifelong Eurosceptic pitching a manifesto which depends heavily on getting out of the EU. State support and renationalization in particular are banned under present rules.
I'd argue that's because of the first-past-the-post voting system in the UK - they trend towards two main parties, which are realistically people's only options ('to stop the other party getting in').
Also, while Labour are officially 'leavers', they've been very ambiguous about where exactly their position is. A lot of remainers will have voted for them just because they're not the Tories.
Wasn't her version "remain"? It's not like she can actually do anything but brexit.
(Apart from the last two, I’m not even listing all the red lines that prevent each of these).
I understand what you're saying but it's not what people voted for. She knows that, Corbyn (EU skeptic) knows that.
There were no discussions about soft vs hard brexit around the referendum, I was there.
Very few parties had your versions of Brexit in their manifesto. All of them lost. It's just not what the people want.
I was also there. I remember many of the Brexit campaigners explicitly naming some of these options:
“Absolutely nobody is talking about threatening our place in the Single Market” - Daniel Hannan, Vote Leave founder
“Only a madman would actually leave the Market” - Owen Paterson MP, Vote Leave backer
“Wouldn't it be terrible if we were really like Norway and Switzerland? Really? They're rich. They're happy. They're self-governing” - Nigel Farage, Ukip leader
“The Norwegian option, the EEA option, I think that it might be initally attractive for some business people” -
Matthew Elliot, Vote Leave chief executive
“Increasingly, the Norway option looks the best for the UK” - Arron Banks, Leave.EU founder
From my list, the Turkey and Ukraine models were not something I remember prior to the referendum, but “deep and comprehensive free trade area” sounds a lot like the “deep and comprehensive free trade agreement” the government continues to talk about: https://www.ceps.eu/publications/theresa-mays-deep-and-compr...
(Turkey is just there for the sake of completeness).
> Very few parties had your versions of Brexit in their manifesto. All of them lost. It's just not what the people want.
The election happened after May made her red lines. True, Corbyn also wanted a deal that can’t be done, but given polls still show 50-50 (+/- margin of error), I think basically everyone still wants what they voted for during the referendum.
However, my point was more that she had options for various types of Brexit and could’ve made a different choice rather than what the people want from the options they were given.
This is a mess.
What would make it a better process for trading off openness to needed change vs changes under the radar vs stagnation where nothing changes?
Edit: this seems to be because I am at a research institute.
A similar fee most people are unaware of but that actually affects individuals: empty VHS cassettes, audio tapes, CD-Rs and so on are subject to a special "sales tax" to reimburse publishers for supposed financial losses. Of course publishers are still able to sue people for damages when they violate their copyright, this apparently only covers personal use (which is still legally protected but narrowly defined).
The law is a directive, which means every EU country will have to implement it on its own. I heard it's not compatible with Polish constitution, ironic that Polish representatives voted for. Apparently both countries will have to change their law to adopt article 13.
Now, if this one passes through and starts getting implement, the internet as we know it in Europe, will basically shut down overnight. The backlash will be humongous. It's my belief that this law will either pass and but not get enforced or will pass and then be abolished very quickly.
Do you have a citation for this? I couldn't find any mentioning of a judgement. The only thing which pops up is that Yahoo tried and lost.
Even this concedes too much. Suppose machine learning gets really good and it became effortless to monitor posts for infringing content? We'd still be deploying tools that control, constrain, and chill internet activity in haunting ways, and that's not a direction we should go.
To me, that is the problem, not the practical difficulty of implementing the rule, which implicitly admits that it's right.
Even if you own the copyright to whatever you posted, it's not in most site's interest to certify that to enough of a degree of confidence to allow it. I think back to issues Youtube has had in its own attempts to police Copyright, which has led to widespread abuse, and absurd situations like composers being hit with strikes for uploading music that they composed.
I think that argument is more or less well understood, and I think the logic transfers over to use of powerful tools to police copyright infringement.
We can't anticipate how those tools will be abused in idiosyncratic ways by flawed political systems, and we shouldn't enable vast enforcement powers without building in the same checks against human abuses that are part of democratic systems.
I think we should stop giving politicians the benefit of the doubt, that they do not understand the laws they are lobbying for.
It is their freaking job to do so. And if it's above their head technically, no matter whether it is about internet, nuclear power or farming, it is up to them to either catch up or back off.
I'd rather have a politician not having strong opinions on social issues (and doesn't vote on them) if they have proven expertise and focus on lets say agriculture. But lots of people would disqualify that person on the latter because they don't align with them politically on the former.
Maybe I'm too cynical, but I have my doubts that calling them really changes their mind, or if they just count the number of calls and when it reaches the threshold to endanger their reelection, they act on it. That kind of coercion is perfectly fine by me, if the system doesn't provide other tools to the public like more direct democracy in Switzerland, but it is not ideal.
This is really huge simplification. This "law" is a directive, which means that every country in EU will have to implement it on its own. I heard that both articles 11 and 13 are incompatible with Polish constitution, which is one problem. Another problem is that German implementation of each article might be not compatible with Italian or Norwegian version. Each county will have slightly different versions, wordings and holes. It would be enough for websites that get multimedia and text to just simply ban everyone from EU from posting, as it will be impossible to write a filter or API service that is compatible with every regulation in every country, or create a very restrictive filter, that rejects content if there is only 5% chance of it being copyrighted.
The ideal approach is to disregard the EU's laws if you aren't governed by them (or don't have a very good reason to comply with them). What Web sites should do instead, is to not comply or censor, unless they are legally forced to under the jurisdiction of the EU.
There is nothing the EU can do to me, as an American Internet business owner, to force me to comply with their GDPR or this new filter law. They would stand no chance in an American court. The sole means to cut off EU users from my services is to put up a Chinese firewall in the EU and 1984 the people there behind it.
Sites & operators in Canada, or Brazil, or Australia, or Mexico, or Singapore etc are no more required to comply with EU privacy rules, as they are to obey the US Bill of Rights (or, the new California privacy law). Every site outside the US doesn't have to suddenly comply with California's privacy laws, or the privacy laws of Rhode Island. Acting from a practical basis, it strictly depends on whether you need to do business there. No average site can comply with every law in every town, city, state, province, country, zone, region, union around the world.
You can freely take on / allow access to EU users and entirely disregard the wishes of bureacrats in the EU, so long as you don't hold assets in the EU or do business in the EU. They largely have no means to enforce their policies outside of the EU, exactly as it should be.
A EU court can just order a whole-EU dns block for your site and any related urls and you would be incapable of serving any person from EU. If you have a big share of profits from them you will lose everything. Maybe for you it's ok, but for many business it would be a total disaster with a fine on top of it (if they want to get back the right of serving eu users) very big considering your "malicious intentions" would be evident
I already covered that in my post. I very clearly said that you should only comply if you have business interests in the EU. A Canadian recipe site is unlikely to have to be concerned with such a thing; that's similarly true for the majority of all sites on the planet. They can freely disregard EU laws, so long as they have no business interests in the EU.
The majority of all sites will never comply with GDPR, they will never concern themselves with it at all: because it does not apply to them if they're strictly operating outside of the EU.
If 18 US states decide to implement their own unique privacy laws, you know what isn't going to happen? Every site on earth outside of the US is not going to rush out and try to comply with every aspect of those 18 unique privacy laws. Because that would be insane.
> A EU court can just order a whole-EU dns block for your site and any related urls and you would be incapable of serving any person from EU.
I also covered that in my post. The sole means for the EU to practically enforce its policies globally, is to put up a Chinese firewall and very aggressively censor everything that people in the EU can see. If the people of the EU want to live like that, that's their problem. If you're a big service, of course they can specifically target you for DNS blocking, and that still only matters if you're doing business in the EU.
They could do that, but it's certainly not within the scope of the GDPR - member states can issue fines and penalties, but if you have no assets in the EU that is the extent of enforcement i.e., none at all. The GDPR makes no mention about Chinese style firewalls or blocking European customers off from your business either, it is simply legislation for getting European businesses or foreign businesses operating within the EU to respect data protection laws.
The more realistic alternative to foreign businesses not cooperating with the GDPR is that European businesses will voluntarily choose to not do business with you as they'll share liability for your non-compliance.
This seems like an improvement for probably 90% of the websites out there, so I'm fine with that.
Which is perfect, right?
Redirect to https://choice.npr.org/index.html?origin=https://www.npr.org...
Reject the sell-your-soul option and get dumped to https://text.npr.org/
You should instead be sent to https://text.npr.org/s.php?sId=625544265
There is no technical reason for these sites to not work without accepting cookies -- this is easily proven with curl. The sId is right there in the URL.
(of course there's no technical reason the full featured site can't be served either without setting hundereds of external cookies to nameless numbers of companies)
My god that site's beautiful. Add a little CSS to limit the line width and it's perfect.
Have her install this https://anonymox.net/en it's a free Firefox addon that'll let her access the sites by making them think she's in the US
I interpret this to mean that the free option has a finite supply of bandwidth and is slow which is logical because otherwise people that want to watch 4k netflix over it would put them out of business.
I also see that they offer a browser plugin but don't seem to provide say an openvpn connection which seems inferior as that protects all forms of data rather than just browsing data.
I think this almost universally holds true for most law makers. Atleast if you only consider their public statements.
That being said, I think becoming a law maker is incredibly hard, and a person elected to office is generally quite smart and would understand, or atleast be able to find someone to explain to them, the entire ramifications of any proposed legislation. But they push it forward in any case, for reasons that aren't, and will possibly never be, made public.
I had a friend telling me almost similar thing I thought he was joking. This is actually happening?
That's not true. The law only applies to "content sharing service providers" (sites like YouTube, SoundCloud, Instagram, Megaupload and so on).
Do you want to try to build a startup today taking on YouTube knowing that the legal system is a complex mess and if you make any mistake, you'll be sued out of a company? Will any VC want to fund you in those conditions?
And what makes this website not a "content sharing service provider"? All the site does is share links to content. And since linking to content will now obligate paying the person you link to, hackernews will have to start finding a way to monetize just to pay for all of the linking it does.
Yes, it's tough. Try to build a car company. Or a toys company. Or really, any kind of consumer goods company you may think of. They all bring with them that kind of hassle as package when having to deal with masses. The masses wanted better protection and they are getting it, everything else comes second. The wilderness was fun while it lasted, eh?
The solution to the new EU laws is fairly simple. Block any and all traffic coming from the EU. That's what I'm planning on implementing with all of my future side projects and website.
It was already really hard
It's not harder now
> Will any VC want to fund you in those conditions?
I don't think VCs are the best way to fund a startup
In Europe there's less emphasis on chasing or becoming unicorns
The law clearly states that the size of the company and the costs of the "measures" should be taken into account, so that shouldn't be an issue.
> if you make any mistake, you'll be sued out of a company?
If you can prove that you've tried that you're not liable anymore and therefore can't be sued.
> what makes this website not a "content sharing service provider"? All the site does is share links to content.
You kind of answered your own question there.
> And since linking to content will now obligate paying the person you link to
No idea where this linking myth comes from. Commercial websites now have to pay a license fee when they publish substantial portions of press publications.
Text: "should be effective but remain proportionate, in
particular with regard to the size of the online content sharing service provider."
But this is exactly the wrong level of detail; it's not a reassurance because you and I and startups can have no idea what the level actually is. If they'd said "less than X employees or turnover less than X" it would be a specification. Instead it's horrible, expensive vagueness.
>> All the site does is share links to content.
> You kind of answered your own question there.
So we should expect HN to block Europe if this goes through, because otherwise they're liable for all copyright infringement of any linked page?
Here's a UK case where a large chain was serving beer using glasses that were too small.
That chain hasn't been shut down, nor fined huge amounts. They weren't even prosecuted. They recalled all the glasses nationwide and replaced them with the correct size.
This kind of regulation is not unusual.
EDIT just for clarification: I think this is a lousy law, and I hope it doesn't pass in its current form.
I’m Swiss American. My fellow Swissmen are similarly sceptical.
The realistic risk isn’t someone fining everyone a billion dollars. It’s that you didn’t curry sufficient political favour with the right regulator and now get to see their capricious side. These are a legitimate concerns for anyone considering doing business in Europe.
With any website (hackernews included) the only way they can actually completely prevent there from being copyrighted content in the comments that they host and publish is to not offer the ability to comment at all.
We don't really need to link something to express an opinion
BTW HN have to check anyway, if I post a link to an obscure video sharing platform containing copyrighted material, that's an infringement
Even if the domain is whitelisted, say github.com, I could host copyrighted material there
They simply don't do it and rely on users's good faith
Web sites are already responsible for copyright infringements committed by their users
No, of course not. Like I said above, the "link tax" part (article 11) has nothing to do with linking. But even if it would, it still wouldn't have anything to do with the content filter law part (article 13). They're two completely separate things.
It's intentionally vague, because these laws only ever come into play if someone really messes up or is intentionally being deceptive..
If you set an exact limit or try and set exact definitions, people try and use them to create loopholes.. which I personally find to be a very American thing to do.
If you're actively making an effort trying to filter content, you have nothing to worry about. If it can be shown that you're intentionally trying to game the system, you can land in trouble.
It's pretty simple, really.
But you do: you have to worry about filtering content. And you can never know whether you've made enough effort.
You have to have a process, and devote human time to it, and (as I understand it) do so proactively rather than just responding to takedown requests.
Umm, no. It doesn't stop it being an issue. The wording is ambiguous and this is risk that needs consideration when embarking on a venture. This law has definitely added at least friction to competing startups, and a barrier to entry at worst.
That's a bit of an understatement especially if you consider how bad the law looks from a PR standpoint, how unlikely it is to actually benefit any of the big content producers and so on. I've actually been on the record saying the law will never happen because of how stupid and useless it is but obviously I've been wrong.
Anyway as far as ambiguity goes I think they do that on purpose to ensure a judge has the last word. I'm pretty sure this is supposed to stop trolls from suing little companies into oblivion rather than the other way around.
Almost every website is a commercial endeavor to the point where they use ad revenue to pay the costs of operating.
By substantial portion you mean the little paragraph that helps you figure out which link contains the information you want to click on? Because people who are driving traffic to your website should obviously promote you for free AND pay you.
Quit shilling for your incompetent politicians.
If the website just posts what's inside the RSS feed it's ok.
If they extract meaning from the complete web page, that's a different story.
More to the point, who is this helping? There's records sales being set all over the place every year.
> one of the main purposes of which is to store and give access to the public to copyright protected works or other protected subject-matter uploaded by its users
That sounds like it includes comments by users (since their comments would be automatically copyrighted)
> the content is uploaded with the authorisation of all rightholders concerned
The owner of a comment board has no way of knowing if their users will include (in their comments) content to which they don't have the authorisation to do so.
It seems pretty clear to me that it applies to comment boards.
"(4b) ‘online content sharing service provider’ means a provider of an information society service one of the main purposes of which is to store and give access to the public to copyright protected works or other protected subject-matter uploaded by its users, which the service optimises. Services acting in a non-commercial purpose capacity such as online encyclopaedia, and providers of online services where the content is uploaded with the authorisation of all rightholders concerned, such as educational or scientific repositories, should not be considered online content sharing service providers within the meaning of this Directive. Providers of cloud services for individual use which do not provide direct access to the public, open source software developing platforms, and online market places whose main activity is online retail of physical goods, should not be considered online content sharing service providers within the meaning of this Directive;"
During the last two decades, Europe already failed to take part in building the internet. Now Europeans all use US services. Amazon, Ebay, Facebook, Google, Dropbox, AirBnB, Uber...
This was due to the culture of Europes entrepreneurs which is often "bureaucracy first, product later".
Now lawmakers seem busy putting another burden on top of that. Laws that put Europe behind the rest of the world in how easy it is to build online services.
Where will Europe be in 20 years? Will it become a developing continent of the digital area? Or will German Engineers somehow make up for innovation via assiduous execution? I find it hard to see how that could work.
Politicians might think 'Now that we have the web, lets regulate it'. But I wonder: Now that we lost the web, how will we avoid the same with AI? AI will have orders of magnitude more impact on our lives then the web. How will we avoid losing crypto? In the age of crypto, people might freely chose what currency to use. Do we want the worlds currency to be owned by a US company? How will we avoid losing biotech? Will the same happen to our bodies that happened to our data? Will they be owned by a handful of US companies?
All those companies you mentioned are prominent, but they are only important because they are a few percent cheaper or more useful or have better marketing. But they come at a high cost to society.
European cultures are different. It moves slower. Rules are more acceptable. But the things it produces are more polished. Amsterdam is better than any US city, for example.
Plus, Europe is way ahead of the us in terms of banking convinence and efficiency.
Ironically, your single statement was actually "nonsense on all accounts" as Theranos definitely was valued multiple billions at some point.
I heard that just posting a picture of your credit card number somehow means you can get all your money stolen/cause bad things to happen. Is this true? How can this be a thing?
That's such a hand-wavy argument. Can you prove that the cost of these laws is less?
> Amsterdam is better than any US city, for example.
Yes, for you. Not everyone's going to agree with that.
For example, the Neanderthals are falling behind humans because they are all dead.
The parent post does provide evidence: no EU tech companies have hit Google/Facebook/Amazon/Microsoft scale. That's not a cultural difference, it shows that EU has not been as successful economically on the internet.
SAP and Accenture are up there. I get your point though.
If you look at fortune 500, 143 companies are north American and 143 are European
But in 2001 215 were north American while only 158 were from Europe
EU market is just more fragmented not less innovative
I'm not really talking about technical scale here. I'm talking about economic scale. In those terms, it does indeed seem that the EU is falling behind.
Also, it is not just a show of power, because these companies are reaping economic benefits from their power.
> But it has little positive balance on everyday life.
That's really your personal opinion. Many people (me included) would argue that the scale of these companies definitely makes a difference in your everyday life.
Many people would then be arguing sideways past the GP comment, which made no claim to the extent of the difference, rather that it was not a positive one.
As you say, though, it's definitely objectively clear from an economical standpoint.
And while this bill indeed is a disaster, I really don't mind some extra regulations. They might not get it right the first time, but seeing how normal Americans get screwed and exploited over and over by internet companies, I think it's better than having no regulation at all.
My colleagues and I live a comfortable life with a pay well above average in my country (The Netherlands) and while no country is perfect, I don't think I'd move away from family and friends even if I was payed double overseas.
Yes, but this has the opposite effect from what you'd expect. The US has higher disposable income, both per capita and at the median, than Europe does. That means that, even accounting for the greater cost of healthcare in the US, households end up with greater purchasing power.
That's true across the country, but if you're comparing tech jobs, the effect is even more pronounced, because most tech companies provide health plans that ultimately are comparable (in terms of out-of-pocket expenses) to coverage in most of Europe. So you end up with significantly higher salaries, much lower taxes, and comparable health benefits.
As you point out, there may be other reasons that someone might not want to move (or be able to move), but there's no ignoring that salaries, disposable income, and purchasing power are dramatically higher in the US.
 London, for example, typically pays about half what you get in NYC or SF, for the same job title at the same company.
If you're talking about Silicon Valley or New York, taxes won't be that different. And you'll get decent health insurance, sure. But it's still insurance (co-pays, premiums, only covered at these clinics etc)
I don't want to start a universal vs private debate, it's been done before. But private insurance as a job benefit exists independently of a government run program (mostly).
I live in New York City. My taxes (as a percentage of my income) are substantially lower than they would be if I worked the same job in London, Berlin, Paris, Stockholm, Amsterdam, or any of the European cities that are considered to be "tech hubs".
> But it's still insurance (co-pays, premiums, only covered at these clinics etc)
...so? That's the case in most of Europe too, with the UK being the main exception. Most European companies use some form of private insurance or have out-of-pocket expenditures.
As far as I'm concerned, none of those "problems" exist. I have no monthly premiums to pay, most copays are $0 or close to it, and I don't think twice about finding in-network providers. It's much easier for me to book a specialist if I need to than it would be in any of those other cities.
Got any numbers on this? I was under the impression that effective tax rate is pretty much the same (if not lower, depending on your income) in London vs New York . Could be wrong.
>>> As far as I'm concerned, none of those "problems" exist. I have no monthly premiums to pay, most copays are $0 or close to it, and I don't think twice about finding in-network providers.
Right, so it works like universal healthcare... Great. You forgot to mention your deductible. Is that 0 true? Is it 0 to most people?
> That's the case in most of Europe too, with the UK being the main exception. Most European companies use some form of private insurance or have out-of-pocket expenditures.
Except private insurance in Europe is basically subsidised by government programs, which is why they are so much cheaper than in the US. Also, co-pays may exit, but do deductibles? I'm not aware of that.
> It's much easier for me to book a specialist if I need to than it would be in any of those other cities
Sure. You can also just get extra private insurance in those countries too.
I have no idea how they're calculating those numbers in that link. They're all dead wrong.
> Except private insurance in Europe is basically subsidised by government programs, which is why they are so much cheaper than in the US. Also, co-pays may exit, but do deductibles? I'm not aware of that.
Once again, none of this is relevant, because at the end, it all works out to the same level of coverage, except with dramatically higher levels of disposable income for people in the US compared to those other cities.
It literally doesn't matter how heavily the government subsidizes it, because it still doesn't make up for the dramatically lower salaries.
All those numbers are pretty small compared to your compensation. You can just throw it in a bank or brokerage account after working for a month and will cover your medical deductible expenses for a very long time.
Exactly. The maximum you can pay out of pocket is capped at $7,350 for individuals and $14,700 for families. That's the absolute maximum, and the insurance plans for almost any tech job (which is what we're talking about in this thread) are going to have caps that are a lot less than that.
$14,700 isn't a small amount of money for a family, but it's a lot less than the after-tax difference between salaries in New York and London/Berlin/Munich/Paris/Amsterdam/etc. for these jobs. Even if you're a single-income household, you still come out way ahead.
(this has been discussed on HN ad nauseam, don't assume someone completely missed all of that)
Well, to be fair, everyone (sans China) uses these US services too.
The USA is infamous for doing exactly that: ITAR, FATCA, ...
EU is imposing rules on its market, not others
> To all our readers in the UK
This Tuesday we need your help. On 5 July 2018, the European Parliament will vote on a new copyright directive. If approved, these changes threaten to disrupt the open Internet that Wikipedia is a part of. You have time to act. Join the discussion. Thank you.
> Contact your MEP: https://changecopyright.org/
> Read about on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directive_on_Copyright_in_the_...
> Learn more: https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/EU_policy/2018_European_Parl...
In particular that changecopyright.org link seems organized by Mozilla, and connects you directly with an MEP.
I called a bunch of German MEPs over the past few weeks. I spoke to every parliamentary group except the far-right. The CDU and CSU are voting for this, which makes sense as it's their proposal. They had zero interest in talking about the actual contents, saying instead that Voss is their expert on the topic and they trust his opinion. Every other parliamentary group among the German MEPs is opposed. There is one person in the Green group that is an exception (Helga Trüpel). She is violently in support and doesn't seem to want to discuss the matter (when I called a staffer told me that they were overwhelmed with calls about this topic and I should call another time but her Twitter feed leaves zero doubts). Every other member of the Green group is against, as are all the FDP representatives, all the SDP representatives, and all the Linke representatives. I didn't feel comfortable speaking with any AfD and associated people. I spoke to a handful of CDU people who asked me to email with specific questions, and then replied to said email with a one-liner saying they fully support their colleague's proposal. It's still a good idea to call German representatives outside the CDU/CSU faction and ask them to please attend the vote - attendance is possibly going to be more important here than convincing them of a position because it appears the party lines are now clear.
It might be a good idea to NOT call EPP/CDU/CSU members because that might motivate them to attend and the lower their attendance the better.
This is laughable. Laws like the aforementioned shows how disconnected the lawmakers and regulators in the European Union (not that they're unique) are from the tech/media industry and general internet-using public at large.
Regulations like these could backfire real bad even with best of intentions from folks at the helm of regulatory bodies, who -- more often than not -- have scanty, if any, understanding of the how online social platforms work.
Maybe that's the career path for aging programmers. Get a law degree.
I have created a post to discuss this further: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=17455017
eg (note this is an italian article, you need to google translate it): https://www.agi.it/blog-italia/digitale/copyright_link_tax_d...
Is it? Copyright enforcement was happening for a while now even "on content uploaded by users", where the take-down of reported infringing content got to be the norm. Are the lawmakers and regulators in the European Union really the disconnected ones here?
Nobody is saying content uploaded by users should be inviolable. The points of contention are who is legally responsible for users' infringements. This law tilts the balance from "users are responsible" towards "websites are responsible."
Much as it was fretted about at the time, the DMCA seems to have worked out pretty well in practice. It strikes a balance that is reasonably effective and not overly burdensome on small, fast-growing companies. The regulatory burden of the new law is much greater.
Such a list will be necessary for mass-market boycott, divestment and sanction of the companies who killed the open web. Users will have lots of time available to focus and channel their energy, if these laws are passed, economically outlawing most user-generated content.
In the history of online and offline publishing, what have been the commercial and censorship consequences of centralized copyright registers/databases and pre/post publication filters?
a former colleague (who is now a PhD student at Northwestern, in the US) made a Chrome extension that used publicly available data to transform every mention of a politician or political party into a 'link'. By hovering the mouse, the extension showed you exactly who/what companies donated how much to that politican/party.
It was eye opening to read the news with that on. He even made national headlines here (not EU).
Eventually the project was canned because the public source was discontinued by the government.
There is even a company that specialises in lobbying for their customers, making them invisible in lobbying process
I like the idea for the site, but might a wiki be better suited for this? I've noticed with some passing curiosity that git is being used increasingly for things that aren't exactly its forte. Maybe it's just the metaphorical hammer that make all problems look like nails?
Github has wikis too, which are backed by repos.
The open Web will persist. Some countries/regions will be part of it, some won't.
Think of Alibaba
some things are not possible anymore, some new are. I'll take at least some attempt to protect end user data over outright lying to my face and "we're above the law" any day.
But Italian is also an official language of Switzerland, and fairly widely spoken in other countries like Slovenia and Croatia, and of course the whole expat Italian community in places like the US and Southern America.
And, most saliently, the Italian Wikipedia, like all Wikipedias, is run by a US-based organization, the Wikimedia Foundation. This affects the legal ramifications of this law on the Italian Wikipedia greatly.
To be glib about it, it also goes to show the demographics at work here. Even now, GDPR resulted in more of a pain for Europeans than Americans; it's quite common now to see comments about how this site is blocked in Europe or some bypass method to get to an article. This copyright law will very likely amount to the same deal, being a thorn in the side of Europeans but Americans couldn't care less.
Every time they try to regulate it, it's a complete nightmare.
I'm sure they have very good intentions.
Who is behind the recent changes on the internet ?
Months ago Agit Pai(FCC) ended net neutrality.
Month ago, may 25th, GDPR initiated (except this benefits the individual).
Now there is a push for laws that defeat the basics of the internet, the hyperlink:
Article 11: requires online platforms to pay publishers a fee if they link to their news content.
Article 13: requiring websites to enforce copyright, even on content uploaded by users.
There is a bigger force behind those recent major changes that can break the internet as we know. But who ?
Don’t put all these things together.
You're framing it as a conspiracy theory, but the answer is simple: business interests.
The internet is no longer about personal stuff-- your Geocities page, sharing 128kb MP3s with your friends, and blogging on LiveJournal. It's a platform to influence people and sell shit, and everybody who likes money wants to get in on that action.
And yes, these disparate interests are totally content to exploit it by lobbying for changes in their favor until it's too fragmented, restrictive and worthless to be useful to anybody, yet like cable television we'll treat it as something essential to life and pay the monthly bill through retirement just the same.
>Article 11 of the proposed law requires online platforms to pay publishers a fee if they link to their news content.
I don't see how the law does this. The proposal states, under section 33:
>This protection does not extend to acts of hyperlinking which do not constitute communication to the public.
This is the only mention of linking that I could find in the law.
As for article 13, it does seem far too broad. There needs to be explicit exemptions for what we call "fair use" in the US. Educational, research, transformative uses, parody, etc, must be preserved.
Only link to content where the author added a standardized 'You are free to link to this page.' meta tag.
In no time, every page on the net would carry that tag. Because authors want to be linked to.
The users autonomously aggregate the RSS published by the authors or the owners of the content an build their own personal aggregators at home.
You wanna share it?
Just share the links to the RSS (which are public and used exactly for that purpose)
The owner is in control of what's being distributed, the user is in control of what they are reading
Wikipedia itself is a form a centralization of data and content, which is undesirable anyway.
I wish people in the news would call this bs out for what it is but I doubt they ever will considered news publishers are among the ones lobbying. They'll be happy for us to be forced through their bs paywalls.
This is a very different matter from the GDPR, don't get fooled.
Again and again we are supposed to rally, infinite protest against rows and rows of copyright reform - this is a dead alley. No protest culture or NGO has ever sustained a movement as long as the market interests undermining the allmende and democracy.
The right to time wise inject laws similar in intention into the governing process- must be limited. Once a proposal has been voted for or against, it must be stable for 4 or 8 years. Stable being only open to more precise definition, but not intent inversion or redefinition.
It doesn't sound so bad.
We had the the Russian Film School, the Polish Film and Animation school because of that
We had Stanisław Lem and Andrei Tarkovsky
We had East Germany Punk that inspired a lot of European bands (including Italian CCCP)
Now there is no typical eastern cultural product anymore.
Even in China they now produce massive blockbusters with American actors...
I’m excited about this and it brings us closer to a world where America means less and people mean more.
I quite like the GDPR. I don't see how the current proposed law is of any benefit to people. It benefits a limited amount of companies. Good luck competing with e.g. Youtube if you have to invest 60M EUR in a difficult to create copyright filter.
Probably because this article is about Wikipedia, which I've never once heard accused of being greedy.
Wikipedia content is licensed under CC license.
There's no way their content could not be linked elsewhere.
Wikipedia also rises the question of the content they link, as, for example in the footnotes
In Italy it can be admitted under the "right to inform" (diritto di cronaca), it applies to everyone, not only to the press
Most of all the law only applies to content sharing providers, not to individuals
This is similar to what Xanadu envisioned, and could start a real fight back to fake news and the spreading of lies and online violence towards minorities
EU has a long history of being with the people of EU, not the corporations and I trust them
Besides, the law in Italy is being opposed by the worst kind of net abusers around, some of them are in charge thanks to the wave of fake news that started with Cambridge Analytica and some of them have been called out by CA itself (even though they didn't explicitly said the names, there are evidences that Matteo Salvini, leader of Lega, have been working with them)