Hacker News new | comments | ask | show | jobs | submit login
Illegal Memes? Weak Safe Harbor? Unpacking the Proposed EU Copyright Overhaul (arstechnica.com)
130 points by awat 7 months ago | hide | past | web | favorite | 99 comments

With this and GDPR the EU is seemingly begging to be cordoned off from the broader internet.

I'm on the fence with GDPR until I see how it is enforced. There's a lot of amateur internet litigating going on out there assuming GDPR will be used like the hammer of Thor and enforced to the upmost absurdity, but things like reasonable security exceptions and such are what I want to know about.

There's a lot of nuance that could swing things in any direction. The devil is always in the details.

> I'm on the fence with GDPR until I see how it is enforced.

Can't we just look at how the previous incarnation was enforced to get an idea? Also, I think we can say it's a damned if you do damned if you don't situation. Unenforced, the law is worthless and punished only those who abided. Equitably enforced hurts a lot of smaller players. Inequitably enforced has everyone praying they are on the good side of the enforcers. Viewing through the enforcement lens can make it clearer the value, or lack of value, of the legislation akin to the value of previous versions.

To the topic of the article, the enforcement lens needs to be used as well. Even if people agreed with the potentially impending copyright laws, legislators need to take enforcement concerns seriously. This is why baby steps are ideal.

>Equitably enforced hurts a lot of smaller players.

So? The goal of the law is user data privacy and control. It doesn't matter if the abuser is Google or someone operating a site from their dorm, violation and misuse of user data is still the same.

Sure. I mean we could use arguments like that to justify egregious or heavily-enforced punishments on all sorts of crime. The real goal should be to bring everyone, users and companies, along towards the goal. This looks much different in practice than it does in theory. One of those practices is balancing good with bad and working towards things. While equitable enforcement is the ideal of the enforcement options, it would require the law be written to know its practical limitations which is not the case.

What you'll find is that accomplishing a goal is about implementation not intention. In many cases, inadequate attempts actually work against the goal.

> So? The goal of the law is user data privacy and control. It doesn't matter if the abuser is Google or someone operating a site from their dorm, violation and misuse of user data is still the same.

The issue is that competition is a powerful consumer protection mechanism. A regulation that prohibits 15% of current hostile practices but also impairs competition can allow the major incumbents to be 500% more hostile to customers because the customers now have no alternatives.

It allows the incumbents to do all the bad things the law doesn't prohibit but they couldn't do if their customers had a choice.

Not sure why this is downvoted. That is the goal of the law, I don't see how one can disagree with that. It favors user priorities and control very strongly, and I'd add it does that because companies like Google have been playing it fast and loose with user privacy for decades and have all but annihilated the trust of the general public with regard to it.

Selective enforcement gives them even more power though. If a rule/law is only acceptable because it won't be enforced much then it's actually a much worse law for freedom than one that will be enforced across the board.

The EU have come to the conclusion that they probably won't have a major internet company so they are willing to destroy the whole market to help legacy industries and assuage the anti American notions of their members.

I don't think that's it. Brussels is indeed building its own kafkaesque state because they have little pragmatic sense of how things work. As an EU citizen i have little understanding of why these laws are being introduced and whether they have even been debated with us. GDPR is a mountain of bureaucracy that is already turning itself to another cookie law, with people being currently trained to click yes to consent on every website (i certainly do, its just easier than going through the alternative for each and every article i read). This law ... just seems impossible to implement but i wouldn't be surprised if it passes, even just to please the lawmakers who made it.

Wtf does GDPR has to do with clicking a button? Im happy I can request all data a company has stored about me and tell them to delete it

The consent boxes are what GDPR will mean to most people in a few months. Deleting your data is a good thing, but that option has been available from the biggest data hoarders for years, and it's not exactly popular. In fact most users dont even know/care it exists.

But deletion hasn’t been available (and most “deletion” request functions have been in response to legal and governmental pressure already) and I recall seeing multiple stories about “deleted” material not being deleted.

Gdpr is a response to the prior attempts to let the industry “self regulate” not actually doing anything.

Does it over regulate? Personally I don’t think so - people talk about the complexity but that’s mostly due to the need to be absolutely explicit everywhere, and need to ensure that there aren’t loophole that can be abused by some company with enough lawyers.

The industry did do some things, for one internet giants are in a certain competition to appear privacy-conscious. For another, adtech did introduced some options (e.g. adchoices) but they were arguably too little. The thing is however people don't care about their privacy as much as their governments would like them to care, hence the regulation. But it's opinionated , extreme regulation meant to disrupt everything rather than fix the things that need fixing, and that never works.

The GDPR has a lot of clauses that seem nonsensical to an end user, but actually setup a situation where those data collectors must reveal the true extent of their data or risk massive penalties by having falsely disclosed..

Until now there was no way to guage the truth in anything they tell you and no penalties for lies.

I m not personally afraid of the data that commercial companies have collected on me , as i was consciously using their websites when i did . But it's more uneasy to think of the data collected by various security services. I am glad that GDPR is making people believe all their private data belongs to them (this is not true in modern states - government owns much of your data). At some point people are going to start asking questions about private data usage by governements. E.g. it is only a few years since governments started buying and using stolen private bank files to search for tax frauds etc.

The "consent or no dice" coercion will get fixed later on (2019 as it seems) with ePR [1]. Right now you have a choice to not use the platform. It isn't a fair choice (hence ePR) but its there. And, you have the choice to request your data. Its a big step up, but its not yet where it should be. Baby steps.

At least the EU does something about this data gathering mania (as for why, see Bruce Schneier's essay "Data is a toxic asset so why not throw it out?" [2]); the USA, for example, doesn't (yet). The USA just repealed net neutrality. Its good in a way because now we can watch the long term effects from the other side of the pond. I suggest Americans do the same with GDPR. Observe and learn from each other.

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EPrivacy_Regulation_(European_...

[2] https://www.schneier.com/essays/archives/2016/03/data_is_a_t...

That's because they are so well hidden and not in the least bit advertised. We just all assume the worst of companies and generally are proven correct.

Last I checked one of the biggest datahoarders of all, facebook, did not actually delete your data when you told them to, instead the squirreled it away somewhere in a data warehouse just in case.

There should be a NO button too, right? Personally, I just bounce from most pages that show any kind of overlay that is not adblocked. There are lots of sites and my time is short. I can just hit the next search result.

Ding ding ding! It's not an unreasonable strategy, either - the choice is only the taxes from local operations, or huge fines + effective tariffs on doing business to encourage local firms to spring up. I know what I would do, if I was France and had exactly 0 Googles.

Gdpr is actually a good thing. It's at least weird that USA-based companies must follow it, but the law itself is very good thing for a customer and not that bad for companies until they like collecting data and doing dirty stuff with it.

"USA-based companies must follow it"

US based companies are not subject to EU law. The only reason a US based company might care about the the GDPR is if they have assets in the EU that the EU could seize. Other than that, we will happily ignore the EU's attack(s) on memory.


I would have preferred promulgating a set of standards to be GDPR compliant, and allowing companies the option to choose whether to conform. Individuals in turn could choose whether to use GPDR compliant services or not. Rather than hitting all companies globally over the head with a hammer. Eventually this strategy of legislative aggression is going to blow up in the EU's face.

That's the argument for why health codes should be optional, that customers can choose whether or nor to eat in dirty restaurants and the market will settle the issue. Nope. I don't want to play that game. I want everyone to obey a mandatory set of minimum rules.

It's about information imbalance. Without mandatory minimums it is too easy for businesses to hide faults from consumers. I don't want websites to use business judgment when deciding whether to protect consumer privacy. I want them to fear massive retaliatory fines should they not do the bare minimum necessary to protect the public from harm.

"I want them to fear massive retaliatory fines " is exactly why America/Asia is currently dominating Europe in technology. No start up and innovation can happen in such an outwardly hostile business environment

No startup or innovation should happen at the cost of harming the userbase.

You can take the good with the bad or have neither in some idealistic world where only one exists. You can even limit the bad (oftentimes limiting the good as well), but you shouldn't say in absolute terms that innovation with some bad should never occur even if there is significant good.

Ultimately it comes down to whether a user should be free to choose whether to use such a service. Ostensibly the user is receiving some benefit despite this "harm". If the harm outweighed the benefit there would be no user.

> I would have preferred promulgating a set of standards to be GDPR compliant, and allowing companies the option to choose whether to conform.

EU countries had data protection laws for years before GDPR. Moreover, GDPR is only partially more strict than the existing Swedish data protection laws. I cannot name a single company that gave a damn about these laws.

That's why GDPR, even with all it's ambiguities, is a good thing.

Ok? That companies chose not to conform is more indicative that consumers ultimately didn't care very much.

Nope. It's only indicative that companies think they are entitled to not give a damn about any European laws.

Absolutely not. GDPR is the kind of thing that should have been passed worldwide 20 years ago. If companies will not respect your data and your privacy, they deserve to be punished severely.

It's amazing how clueless some people are about the damage that regulation that isn't well thought out can cause to small businesses.

GDPR isn't a well thought out regulation because the regulators couldn't even take the time to give examples of how to to migrate common internet infrastructure in order to be compliant. Instead they just threw out their shitty law and told the world to figure it out.

This new link tax further proves to me that the bureaucrats in the EU have no idea what they are doing and have no technical knowledge.

Just because you are small, doesn't mean you get to abuse user data. No, parent is right, this is long overdue, and if a few data abusers must pay, so be it. Its too important to make exclusions for those that cannot keep up. If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.

>If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.

And that is the goal, isn't it?

To drive out smaller competitors from online spaces so that only the big boys can play.

It's amazing how clueless some people are about the damage that software that isn't well thought out can cause to its users.

${SOCIAL_NETWORK} isn't a well thought out business because the owners couldn't even take the time to consider common privacy expectations in order to respect their customers. Instead they just threw out their shitty service and told the world to figure it out.

This new practice of blocking EU users further proves to me that the execs in ${SOCIAL_NETWORK} have no idea what they're doing and have no good intentions.

A fundamental right to remuneration for your creative work that can’t be signed away is in exactly the same spirit as a fundamental right to privacy that can’t be signed away. In both cases you start with a legal protection that’s good and necessary in some cases, declare it a travesty that people are signing away that right en masse against the EU’s opinion of their best interests, and close the door to that sort of contract. In both cases this flies in the face of established internet customs, so you shrug and say “in a society there must be rules, you can’t escape the law just because you’re on the internet and have gotten used to doing it.”

> fundamental right to privacy that can’t be signed away

If you're talking about the GDPR, from what I understand you can sign your privacy away. What can't be done, is to require you to sign your privacy away as a condition to use some service, unless there's no way to provide that service without using your personal data.

And this is how power hungry people/organizations throughout history have implemented disastrous policies in the interest of the "greater good".

It’s also how and why pretty much every law in the history of humanity gets written, so singling out only the worst examples doesn’t really say if it is our worst tendency or our best.

I have yet to see an informed discussion about this law anywhere. The "copyright" (if there were such a thing) reform is about regulating two things

- display of StackOverflow, Wikipedia, news, and other (commercial) info content full-text in link previews of search machines and news aggregators and discussion boards

- requirement for file sharing platforms to make an effort to check user uploads for "copyright" infringements.

I understand the latter is to fill a gap where file sharing platforms just shrug-away accusations of large scale copyright infringement by their users, yet receive all the economic benefit. Obviously, scanning upload content for infringement isn't technically feasible without also requiring publishers to somehow register content/hashes to claim commercial rights, and mechanisms in place for resolving disputes, etc. The law text as it is written seems also too broadly applicable. Because of these flaws, the content filtering part should maybe be unbundled into a separate law after further discussion.

I also believe the Web can come up with technical superior, more practical solutions. For example, using HTML metadata to tag content, embedding and linking content from an origin site, and/or exposing snippets as public syndication feeds. In fact, these mechanisms have been in place for such a long time that they might've been forgotten already.

I don't have a definite opinion yet. I guess if one accepts the EU is mainly an institution concerned with common economic market conditions, it should strive to make the Web work better for content creators than it is now with very few ad networks raking in cash. OTOH, link preview and content scanning laws are obviously lobbied for by big media (the former by German newspapers as it seems, the latter supposedly by Hollywood and music publishers).

> Obviously, scanning upload content for infringement isn't technically feasible without also requiring publishers to somehow register content/hashes to claim commercial rights, and mechanisms in place for resolving disputes, etc.

It isn't feasible at all. It's already common to upload encrypted zip files and distribute the passphrase with the link, as a method of privacy protection against the hosting provider. But that obviously also defeats any kind of hashing or fingerprinting system and would be employed universally by pirates as soon as any such thing was mandated. It's just a garbage law that imposes costs and yields no benefits.

Why the quotes? EU itself refers to this as copyright reform[0]. I assume they know what's in their own directive.

There are a lot of reasons why this is a bad idea, but just looking at precedent alone should be enough to give people pause.

Germany already introduced a link tax 4 years ago. Google just stopped showing link snippets for publishers, publishers realized their click-through rates from search results were a lot worse without snippets, and most of them gave Google free licenses to include the snippets. It was a complete failure. Ironically, a law that was intended to stop Google from gobbling up more ad revenue created a situation where Google's position was even more entrenched, because they were free to continue operating as normal and small sites weren't.

The upload filter is problematic because it's an automated upload filter that would be required by law to preserve safe havens, would have zero consideration for fair use, would have no real penalties for misuse by bad actors, and would serve as precedent for whatever the next thing is that lawmakers decide to block.

But again, skipping all of that we also have data on upload filters, ie Youtube's content ID, which is regularly abused by bad actors to remove fair-use content, troll and attack activists, and censor criticism. Creatives and small publishers hate content ID.

I have a fair amount of respect for EU lawmakers for often taking experimental approaches to laws where they'll do limited trials or gather data to get a more educated understanding of what a policy will do. Ignoring any of the common sense problems with the proposal, it's kind of crazy to me that any of this is still on the table when there are zero practical examples of link taxes or upload filters actually working in the real world.

[0]: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/modernisation-...

- requirement for file sharing platforms to make an effort to check user uploads for "copyright" infringements.

This is a lot bigger than it sounds, though; it turns upload from something that can be implemented in a weekend to something that requires reimplementing content-id. It also seems to mandate cloud storage systems to go rummaging through your files for infringement.

If it applies to images and copyright is effectively restored to photographers, that's also the end of tumblr and imgur.

Or just banning Europe, again :(

Anybody building a colo facility in Antigua?

old: https://www.wired.co.uk/article/antigua-legitimate-piracy

Anybody else catch this delicious tidbit?

> Unpublished research carried out on behalf of the European Commission at a cost of $400,000 suggests that unauthorized uploads are not a pressing problem: "In general, the results do not show robust statistical evidence of displacement of sales by online copyright infringements."

Unpublished, eh? Sounds like a whistleblower in the bureaucracy is trying to torpedo this turd. Pretty weak attempt though. Next, leak some memos or emails showing government apparatchiks plotting against citizen dissenters who've used clever memes against them and then we've got a bombshell story! ;)

Not a whistleblower, a member of the European Parliament with FOIA requests: https://juliareda.eu/2017/09/secret-copyright-infringement-s...

Laudable citizen action!

  The bullshit piled up so fast in Vietnam you needed wings to stay above it.

"By using this site, you agree to hold it's owners, management and developers harmless for any materials which users uploaded and did not have appropriate license to upload." Along with the Cookie, and GDPR notices.

In order to "scan" and report, you have to agree to said TOS.


Europeans at large dont seem to care for freedoms like that. I mean we have blasphemy laws in many countries and not really free speech. We seem to love the american internet though, perhaps because we can have some actual freedom of speech there.

Your national/EU laws apply to your activity on the American Internet.

Not if you re not using your real identity, and even then its more complicated than if the companies were local. They would simply be shut down.

Each European country has its own laws, but most countries never had anything resembling "freedom of speech" as an American would understand it. Every country has a list of "limitations" on free speech. It is also not something people care about.

The number of people in this thread pretending that ECHR article 10 doesn't exist is far too high.

lumberjack did not say that the EU does not have a freedom of expression. lumberjack did say that the EU doesn't have freedom of speech "as an American would understand it".

Article 10 of the ECHR as interpreted by the ECtHR is very different from the First Amendment to the United States Constitution as presently interpreted by SCOTUS.

It's also worth noting that the First Amendment as presently interpreted by SCOTUS protects some speech that was not always unambiguously protected; see e.g., a good fraction of humans pre-1970-or-so, the evolution of the court's treatment of obscenity, speech in the schoolhouse, and so on. In some sense, even previous Americans didn't have freedom of speech as a modern American would understand it.

And you're pretending ECHR Article 10 § 2 doesn't exist. Freedom of speech isn't freedom of speech if there's a giant asterisk next to it.

Freedom of speech is not a binary thing. No country in the world has absolute freedom of speech. However most EU member states are among the most free in the world (see e.g. https://rsf.org/en/ranking).

That list has little relevance on this subject, because if you look at their methodologies they look at a lot more than government influence. (see https://rsf.org/en/detailed-methodology)

In fact it lists the US below pretty much every European country, and the US is known to have some of the most permissive free speech laws.

> and the US is known to have some of the most permissive free speech laws.

But look at all the US kids having armed police sent to their homes because they swore on Xbox live.

> But look at all the US kids having armed police sent to their homes because they swore on Xbox live.

I'm assuming you have links or evidence to back those claims up. Or are you mistaking this for kids getting swatted[1], because I certainly haven't heard of kids getting in trouble with police for swearing on Xbox live and I feel like that would make national news.

[1]: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swatting

It's not because of swearing, it's generally because of a grudge.

Making false statements to police is not protected speech. In every instance of this happening that I'm aware of when police are able to track down the individual(s) responsible, they are prosecuted, generally to the fullest extent of the law. It's dangerous to make something like a murder/suicide threat, and it should be treated & prosecuted as such. Yes, the police probably overreact, but they don't necessarily know it's a hoax.

Are there any opinions, if stated, that can land you in prison in America?

I'm not talking about threats, just opinions.

Maybe voicing an option on jury nullification in the wrong location at the wrong time?[0] That is just a shot in the dark though.


As I understand it, the opinion itself is not illegal, but the act of specifically targeting jurors might be. But I'm also under the impression that these sort of charges often but not always get tossed. I'm pretty damn confident that it's fully legal for me to say here and now: I believe jury nullification is a good idea.

And I'm not aware of any other sort of opinions that are illegal to state in America. Even denying or applauding genocides and other atrocities is legal in America.

Every country has "limitations", including the US. See, for example, the obscenity trials in the US.

Which Kim?

Kim Jong-un of North Korea

2 years? Look at the current state of the UK, at least Kim is giving the appearance of desiring transperncy

UK doesn’t count, won’t be in the EU in two years and the European Court of Human Rights and the Human Rights Act were both given as reasons to leave by those who campaigned to do so.

> Look at the current state of the UK

Which case are you thinking about in particular?

Count Dankula I assume, among others.

I thought EU countries don't have a legal right to free speech?

We do, by way of Article 10 of The European Convention on Human Rights: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_10_of_the_European_C...

Not really. Saying for example that the holocaust didn’t happen can very well land you in prison in many EU countries.

No free speech is absolute. There are things you can say in the USA which also get you into trouble. That said, I will agree that more speech is free in the USA.

IANAL, but generally, the speech that is limited in the US is to things like yelling "Fire!" in a crowded theater - i.e. things that might cause general panic.

Speech such as the Holocaust didn't exist doesn't represent immediate harm, and as despicable as it may be, is protected.

There's a huge gulf between absolute free speech and jailing a man for teaching his dog to give a Nazi salute.

“””The 30-year-old taught his girlfriend's pug to react to the words "gas the Jews", which he repeated 23 times in the short video that he uploaded to his YouTube channel last year.””” — https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/pug-nazi-salute-...

I think what you see as a huge gulf, I see as a moderate width river.

How so? In the USA that is explicitly protected free speech, no ifs, ands, or buts. That's my point.

I did say the USA allowed more speech than the EU. However, my point with this example is that while the USA may allow this, it is not simply “teaching his dog to salute”, it went far beyond that.

If anything, I might now argue this is case can be considered an example of “fighting words”, a concept which varies between legal jurisdictions but certainly does exist in the USA.

On further consideration, given the trigger phrase the dog was trained on, it might (IANAL) be argued to be “incitement”, which is also a thing which exists in USA law.

> which is also a thing which exists in USA law.

That's exactly it, this is clearly not incitement according to US law. Here are the two important concepts:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clear_and_present_danger https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imminent_lawless_action

According to the latter, the smell test is:

> "Advocacy of force or criminal activity does not receive First Amendment protections if (1) the advocacy is directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action, and (2) is likely to incite or produce such action"

The pug case in no way comes close to either of those clauses. I'd argue, from a legal standpoint, this is absolutely simply teaching his dog to salute. It's crass, rude, and offensive but also perfectly legal under any meaningful definition of free speech.

I’d argue that (2) could apply in certain countries given the current political situation in those countries. However, I am already certain you won’t see it that way at all. I find it rather more interesting that we disagree about the magnitude of the difference between the systems.

And yet don't many European countries deny other genocides (or refuse to call them genocides) for political reasons? At the very least the law should be fairly applied to genocides.

Could you please elaborate?

For political reasons people have used far lighter language with incidents such as the Armenian genocide.

> restrictions ... for the protection of health or morals, ... preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence, ...

Sounds legit.

> for the protection of health or morals

The 1st amendment has a similar set of exceptions (morals: [1, 2]; health: [3, 4]).

> preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence

Several of the exceptions discussed in [5] apply here.

Some speech about non-gov't secrets is also not protected by the 1st. Two examples include anything the court decides is not of public interest (e.g., DeCSS), and publication of recordings or transcriptions without prior consent (in some states).

And then there's the most obvious historical exception to the First Amendment: being too dark in any century except this one.

The differences between the EU and the US are much more attributable to political culture. The massive and obvious failures of the First Amendment's protections in previous centuries demonstrate that the constitutional text itself plays only a small role; the political culture that ultimately interprets the text is also important.

Mistaking the First Amendment for a permanent, carte blanc, or unambiguous license to free speech willfully ignores the fact that the force of the document is inseparable from the political and governmental culture entrusted with its care, and that ALL current and previous political cultures have interpreted the First Amendment in a way that DOES restrict speech for "the protection of health or morals". and for "preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence".

It is the degree to which these tradeoffs are made, not the mere existence of the tradeoffs, that differentiates the First Amendment from Article 10. And to see how those tradeoffs are made, you have to go beyond the text and delve into case law.


[1] https://courses2.cit.cornell.edu/sociallaw/student_projects/...

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_free_speech_exce...

[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_free_speech_exce...

[4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_free_speech_exce...

[5] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_free_speech_exce...

IANACL, but the language of the US' constitution's first amendment has no such exceptions. The conditionality of the right in the EU convention practically makes it a dead letter, and this is borne by the way EU states play fast and loose with freedom of expression. Comparatively, the right is sacred in the US. Which is part of why most transgressions involve the judicial branch heavily, the exceptions get their own page on Wikipedia.

> but the language of the US' constitution's first amendment has no such exceptions

None-the-less, those exceptions do exist!

> Comparatively, the right is sacred in the US

I argue this is much more a result of political/governmental culture than the letter of the constitutional law.

I.e., we could swap the text of the First Amendment with the text of Article 10 and speech in the US would still be freer on average.

I believe this because it turns out all of the categories of speech not protected by Article 10 are also not protected by the First Amendment (there are differences, but those differences are matters of boundary rather than category; concretely, Article 10 could be interpreted in a way that's congruent with the current interpretation of the First Amendment).

> Which is part of why most transgressions involve the judicial branch heavily, the exceptions get their own page on Wikipedia.

The thesis that pithier speech protections and less explicit exceptions result in judges more jealously guarding speech is an interesting legal theory. IMO it's much more likely that these differences are attributable to political culture and national ethos.

>None-the-less, those exceptions do exist!

In the US you can say practically anything anywhere and have no fear of getting arrested. That is not the case in the EU.

What was the business with the "free speech zones", anyway?

Maybe you are thinking about the "fire in a theater" case? It's a bad decision: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyoOfRog1EM

No. Also, speculating about what I'm thinking of is unnecessary because my original post [1] includes 5 concrete examples that justify my claims. None of those refer to Schenck.

If you believe my claims about are inaccurate, I implore you to read through those 5 citations in my original post.

[1] https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=17296329

Well, you can pass laws blatantly targeting a major world religion, you just can't talk about it out loud.

> Well, you can pass laws blatantly targeting a major world religion

Which one would that be?

> Which one would that be?

Anti-burqa laws, e.g. in Austria.


People targeting that religion are what ended up causing the human rights laws that say we shouldn’t target religions. I think also the right to join a trade union, though that might have something to do with who was on the winning side in the war that made all of this an issue anyone really cared about.

Guidelines | FAQ | Support | API | Security | Lists | Bookmarklet | Legal | Apply to YC | Contact