Python's most widely used CPython implementation uses a VM: https://leanpub.com/insidethepythonvirtualmachine/read
Ruby "compiles the abstract syntax tree into lower-level byte code. This byte code is then run by the Ruby virtual machine.": http://blog.honeybadger.io/how-ruby-interprets-and-runs-your...
Perl 6 runs on the Parrot VM: https://perl6.org/archive/architecture.html (and I believe Perl 5 had a different stack-based VM)
Most people run Rakudo Perl 6 on MoarVM, but it also runs on the JVM (with some caveats) and there is a JS based runtime that is being worked on.