This albedo as it’s called is very important for climate science, and opposition to what climate science tells us about the world was an important part of the Bush administration deciding to not actually launch the finished satellite (the main reason being the overall idea was by Al Gore)
All this is to say: check out these real images of the entire Earth https://epic.gsfc.nasa.gov/
That's exactly why I found this so fascinating. I know that the ice caps are extremely important for slowing climate change (due to their albedo, being completely white). I had no idea that clouds were so prevalent. My initial thoughts on seeing that image were "wow, that's a lot of albedo, has climate change improved cloud coverage?" A directly counteracting force to the most dangerous GHG (water vapor). Turns out maybe not? We don't have industrial age data in this, so we can't tell for certain - but maybe (likely not) there is a glimmer of hope.
Thanks for the additional information, either way.
So far it looks like high clouds have a cooling effect and low clouds have a warming effect. We are not sure yet which clouds will increase more (this may not be up-to-date or might be known soon) but we expect more clouds in general in a warmer climate.
For example, the GOES-17 image shows large amounts of cloud off the western coast of South America. This is completely missing in the composite video, as it is very close to the surface and so almost invisible in the IR (it is close to the same temperature as the surface). About 2/3 of the globe is cloud covered on average .
 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4wLYHyCiIyQ
 - https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/7197/2010/acp-10-7197-201...
Still, I wonder what kind of information can be gathered by long infrared here. Heat reflection/balance on the Earth? Climate Change related info?
And, as a curious artist— is the 'GeoColor' image composited by the satellite camera or done manually afterward in post? Mostly, I'd love to see raw stills of the different bands they reference in the image (like the infrared band).
They are complex combinations of multiple bands. The GOES-16 satellite has 6 (or 7, depending if you count shortwave ir) visible bands. Three are used for the red, green, and blue channels to get the "true color" image. Portions of other bands are used in combination with transparency to seamlessly combine the bands that show features the best. At night the IR bands are used in different combinations.
The short version: daytime imagery is derived from GOES-16's red, blue, and near-IR (band 3) channels, with a simulated green channel. Night imagery's all IR; the base map (with city lights) is static and derives from a different satellite.
If you've never heard of it, this bird always stays on the sunlit side of the planet and takes true color images
Goes-17 sees at best 2x2 km boxes (igfov depends on wavelength) and uses mirrors on servos to quickly scan the disk. DSCOVR is simply far enought away that it can see the full disk.
If you need reference materials for how earth like planets look from space, use DSCOVR images, everything else is fake!