And even if you aren't super excited about ice-nine, it's still a highly enjoyable read.
>The story "Polywater Doodle" by Howard L. Myers (writing under the pseudonym "Dr. Dolittle") appeared in the February 1971 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Fact. It features an animal composed entirely of polywater, with the metabolism described by Richard Feynman. (The title of the story is a pun on "Polly Wolly Doodle".)
There's not a day that goes by that I don't wish Feyman was still alive to help slash through the nonsense.
Polywater wasn't the "source" for Cat's Cradle. The book was published in 1963 and (per Wikipedia) the West didn't take notice of polywater until 1966 at the earliest.
> By 1969 the popular press had taken notice and sparked fears of a "polywater gap" in the USA.
I find it illuminating to understand that "journalists," or the "popular press," were ratcheting up the "fear sells" / fake news bullshit at least as far back as 1969 (and I'm sure it goes back much further). If you were ignorant, and I certainly am, you would think that this is a wholly new phenomenon. I mean, that is what the same "popular press" is telling us today, right?
From the wikipedia article.
Frank Luther Mott (of the same era) on the five main characteristics of yellow journalism:
1. Scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
2. Lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
3. Use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
4. Emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips
5. Dramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system.
It's almost as if there's some fundamental social-system dynamic by which information, information mediation, cognitive capabilities (particularly at the population level), and other information-theoretic and psychological dynamics are deeply rooted in human, and arguably all systems function.
A good capsule summary of this is H.L. Mencken's brief "Brayard vs. Lionheart", written of the 1926 U.S. presidential election, from which the infamous line about an idiot someday being elected to the office is found, but whose real value is in clearly describing the dynamic. And also, IMO, tying it to Gresham's Law.
Maybe that's an unintentional omission from the wiki, but it could be that the somewhat elaborated hard SF backstory of ice-nine means that it's not just considered "plot fuel".
1: Blue is all the pressures and temperatures where water is solid.
2: Green is all the pressures and temperatures where water is liquid.
3: Yellowish red is all the pressures and temperatures where water is vapour.
I'm not sure what to make of the points and little lines. They seem to have something to do with the ranges within those ranges where the different kinds of ice occur.
He covers both the basics, and some of the reasons why he, as a mathematician, finds the variety of ice structures interesting.
Of note, he mentions that Ice VII (the type of ice discovered in the article) has previously been created by Sandia's Z Machine
Are there theories about what structure ice-VIII, ice-IX, etc. would take?
Ice XVII has been predicted: http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/chemistry/ice-xvii-che...
One of my favourites is 'electride' bonding, where you compress a crystal so much that the electrons get squeezed into the gaps (interstices) between atoms instead, essentially making the electrons themselves act as anions.
This is really cool, and makes you wonder what other exotic high-pressure physics waits to be found.
Water has a pretty interesting relationship with pressure (interesting to nerds like me anyway) : https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/60170/freezing-p...
The bottom line is in case of metheor falling down it is not the impact or cloud of dust up killing you, but simple change of pressure that will not only boil all oceans but also will boil blood and water in your body. As pressure goes down so falls the boiling point of liquid.
These explosions form the bell shaped bodies that are mined for diamonds. Because of the phase behavior of carbon dioxide rich melts, and because the diamond grade just below the bell is very low, diamonds seem to be formed in the high pressure streams of carbon dioxide released when the temperature declines and the confining pressure is released at the surface.
Perhaps there are "seed" crystals formed much deeper and such a crystal formed the nucleus for this diamond. From this popular article it is not possible to determine at what depth the water crystal formed. Conceivably it could have formed in the stream of carbon dioxide at the surface.
edit: moccachino makes a good point below that I missed on my first two passes -- it's referring to the actual positioning of the atoms within water molecules, which makes sense now that I'm giving it another pass. This is evident in referring in one part to "oxygen atoms" specifically.
This speaks well to DrNuke's point as well.
If you want a job related to that kind of work, broadly, I'd search around for any STEM journalism or education related. Also many public health/nonprofits might have a significant outreach arm if they're large.
Or you could go the blogger/educational youtuber route. Less traditional but pros and cons.
Disclaimer: no first hand experience here, just my observations of others. Good luck!
But still in time to share a link about strange forms of non-ice H2O: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polywater
For those who need context: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/135479.Cat_s_Cradle
For others, this isn't the Vonnegut Ice nine.
edit to add:
However, I suppose it could also be X-ray crystallography, which would measure the actual crystal structure. Probably other methods as well...
>But while they were scanning the diamonds with high intensity X-rays, they saw something else: The first conclusive evidence of ice-VII on the planet.
But probably they used other methods to confirm.