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That would have been true to say if this was a decade ago. After the advent of .NET and CLI's ability to support multiple languages, Sun started moving the JVM away from being Java specific and including features to support other languages. Your criticism hasn't been correct for years.



It is not a criticism as much as it is a fact, no less true than ever. The JVM is designed to run Java. Other languages also compile to Java bytecode, and Sun and Oracle have made some helpful changes.

But the VM is OVERWHELMINGLY designed around the requirements of Java and to be performant for Java. Try compiling a non-OO language to fast bytecode without spending a lot of time considering what the analogous Java code would compile to.

Java bytecode is so close to Java, you can decompile it almost directly to readable Java source. Try that with JRuby or Clojure or Scala and see how close you land.


Kotlin can compile to Javascript too. Just saying.


I'm not sure I understand this, it seems you're responding to some perceived 'criticism' rather than things Lattner mentions. Yes, a few things have been tweaked in the JVM to make life easier for non-Java languages. Fundamentally, its semantics are closely tied to Java's (or vice versa or both or something!). You aren't going to write a (sanely performing) JVM language that has a different memory management model or value types or TCO - not until the JVM supports those things and even then, hopefully in a way that matches what you have in mind for your language. This isn't so much a criticism as a non-controversial fact.


Up until recently it would have been non controversial. With Graal/Truffle it's possible to run many languages on the JVM whilst bypassing bytecode entirely. Those language implementations usually run as fast or much faster than other runtimes. It includes LLVM bitcode that does manual memory management, which can run at least some benchmarks about as fast as gcc would.


First you said 'not correct for years', now you're talking about stuff that's still in development and is not really the JVM anyone actually uses. I don't think you're making a good faith argument (or simply didn't click through Lattner's bit the first time around) - you just don't want to be wrong on the internet. That's fine but it's not an interesting conversation.


I am not peterashford, so no, I didn't say that.


D'oh! My bad, apologies. But it's the dual of that argument and similarly orthogonal. Future-JVM becomes some other, more general JVM but that doesn't change the design constraints of Kotlin, its relationship to Java and how that relationship is fundamentally different than Swift's relationship to Objective C. Kotlin wasn't designed to run on Truffle or with Truffle in mind.


No, but I didn't claim that it was. I said that new-JVM is suitable for running many languages that were not designed for it in mind, which is true. I didn't claim that it had any impact on Kotlin.


Right, but there are a lot of unrelated, orthogonal and potentially true things. I don't understand the point, if the topic is 'things that influenced the design of Kotlin or Swift and stuff we say about them'.




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