The scientists themselves say that there isn’t anywhere near the amount of evidence needed to back the theory, this looks to be the same as the “Viking bracelet with Islam written on it” only later when someone one actually looks into it we find out that those characters weren’t even used in Arabic at the time when that bracelet was made.
Wait, they invented pair programming too?
My second guess was a bird, because it looks a lot like the birds as used in heraldic art from ancient Egypt to modern Germany. That doesn't mean the bird can't be a sign for a super nova at the same time. But the bird theory is strong, because of the Egyptian root "hr" , which variously means "above" and the sky god Horus, which is depicted in hieroglyphs with ... an eagle. Whether that's by direct import into asia or by rediscovery is probably mere speculation. But the term Proto-afro-asiatic alone is pretty suggestive already, nevermind that one of the reconstructed roots pertains to this word , although, as far as I can tell, to the other, allegedly separate but obviously not all too distantly related meanings of hr.
 for example https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Co...
 at time of writing under "etymology 2" down the page https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E1%B8%A5r although I'm not convinced there is much of a distinction to be made.
Edit: Looks like another designation for HB9 is Sh2-221, which turns up much more results in a search engine.
Yet these constellations were invented by the Greeks, inspired from the Egyptians, and should be at most 4000 years old.
I'm not an astrophysicist but I'm pretty sure something is off.
Edit: reread the article and the stone comes from Himalaya. Yet the Indians, the Chinese and, well, pretty much every civilization had their own constellation map, that did not include either Orion or Taurus.
The myth of a hunter and an animal seems to have been associated with these constellations everywhere, including India . Even some Native American tribes call Orion "Hunter" . I suspect this association is way older than 4,000 years.
He did say that the hunter/animal relationship is everywhere, but I took that as a bit of hyperbole.
Of course Orion could be a healer, warrior, etc. as well....
A problem in all religions is how to explain the presence of evil in the world. One answer from the Vedas is that the creator, Prajapati (the antecedent of Brahma in later Hinduism) first created a daughter but then united with her to produce the human race. She fled from him in various female animal shapes but he became the male of the species each time thus creating all the animals. The Gods looked upon this with dismay and sent Rudra (the antecedent of Shiva. He is often portrayed as a bow-armed hunter.) to punish Prajapati for the sin of incest. Rudra hunted down Prajapati when he was in the form of a stag and his daughter a doe and pierced (castrated?) him with an arrow.
Some tellings of this story include astronomical symbolism. Rudra is Sirius. Prajapati is Orion. The arrow is "Orions belt" and the daughter is the nakshatra Rohini (Alpha Taurii or Al Deberan.) Rohini means deer in Sanskrit.
It's regarded as three generals, nowhere close to something related to "hunters".
Constellations are very very specific to the culture and the time.
Hunters and generals are both heroes in the respective cultures, that was the point. The significance might be that the rotation of the belt at a given time of a year might have been helpful in navigation some thousand years ago. Thus the names are not to be thought of as anthropomorphisms, but as associations, namely the stars every hero knows. And with significance to navigation its obviously possible that the myths around it would spread far along with the travelers.
Anyhow hunters and generals are far more closely related thematically, than e.g. Pisces and Libra.
Cultures fixated on the belt for the most part, the hunter with the lion's head and the sword or the bow is the Greek version which is common in the west today.
Edit: Also I've actually fact checked, and I couldn't find the 3 generals at all in Chinese astronomy (there is the stars), but Orion (the western version) isn't a single constellation in Chinese astronomy at all.
And going by that I don't see anything relates to a hunter.
Well that one is easy. Kinda. Chinese signs have many different readings. Looking at your link (edit: following from there to ), the sign used there (宿) reminds me of the signs used in xingqi, chinese chess, because the repeated use of the left part of the sign caught my eye.
The sign consists of three major parts. The lower left part of the sign is 亻 which is a short form of the obvious sign for person - 人. The rest is far to complex for me to learn on the spot. Wiktionary gives many translations for 宿 among which one means night guard duty, and one means highly regarded person.
It's the letter in the left (参) that is specific to Orion's belt, and it means "three". It's a fancier version of 三. So the whole name just means "constellation of the three".
I'm the person who suggested above that generals and hunters might be related. Having found no reference to any generals, I think this whole subthread is pointless.
> Having found no reference to any generals, I think this whole subthread is pointless.
I wouldn't be so quick to disregard the comment mentioning "generals". It might still be one folkloric reading.
> So the whole name just means "constellation of the three".
This could be a reduction.
> Actually, 宿 means "constellation" in this context
Maybe 参宿 was the first term using this, originally with a different poetic interpretation, reinterpreted to mean constellation.
Also, concerning houses, the sign is derived from a symbol that clearly looks like a house, but also like an up arrow. The stylized version simply looks like a roof. The sky is often metaphorically called a roof. Incidentally, I sill suspect a relation between sky, from (s)kew-, and ceiling, from kel-. If you compare this with the Egyptian hieroglyph for sky , there's a roof in there , too, with a bit of imagination.
The zodiac originates with the babylonians, but some/most of the constellations were derived from even older sources, as many as 10k+ years old, according to wiki.
Okay, so that proved nothing and we're dealing with fantasy.... ramble, ramble.
While a supernova visible from Earth in daytime is not impossible (when Betelgeuse finally dies we'll likely see it during the day; SN 1006 was seen during the day and at night was about as bright as a quarter moon), it certainly wouldn't be bright enough to be considered a "second sun" unless it was close enough to irradiate us with gamma rays that could do vast damage to existing life.
I mean it's just a sketch on a stone without any further documentation.
Could it not be that these were just two kids playing and drawing something random on a stone?
1. They found a specific nebula in the position of the stars depicted by the constellations on the stone.
2. The supernova that created the nebula would have been daytime-visible (and brighter than the moon at night).
3. The time that the supernova happened lines up with about the time that the stone etching was been made.
My great great grandfather carved his new into a rock in northern NJ back in the 1800s and through all of the years and weather, it's still there, totally intact. True story.
Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity
Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current
Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source
Some stuff out there can end up brighter than the sun, too:
Edit: those may have been Iridium flares that you saw.
It is possible from observed supernova remnants to have a pretty good estimate of when the star exploded, esp. when it is relatively 'recent', astronomically speaking.
Or maybe a careful plan for a hunt trip lasting for two whole days. Who knows?.