TLDR: The initial stages of the electrical discharge that produce this 'plasmoid' have many similarities to lightning. They're just electric arcs - in this case, electric arcs to the surface of this solution of electrolytes. And then what happens is this plasmoid emerges from it. Ball lightning is used almost generically to describe phenomena seen in nature that aren't described by normal lightning, bead lightning or things like 'St Elmo's fire', or aurora. And likely it's not one thing but several things that have similar observables. The US Air Force Academy team hopes its new approach can help science to better understand this strange spectacle.
Plasma antennas have been demonstrated, but those are encased in dielectric tubes. I’m sure the noise temperature is horrible.
Edit: I clearly misread your original comment, you weren't suggesting extracting energy from municipal water at all.
Phenomenons in science should be public domain.
The stream of water is an 85-micron-diameter jet blasting from a specially designed nozzle at 9,000 pounds per square inch that strikes the crystal plate with an impact velocity of around 1,000 feet per second.
Perhaps this exists in nature somewhere but but it seems pretty unlikely. I too would prefer it to be public domain but we live ina market-dominated society right now.
The smallest commercially available water jet nozzles are about 0.003”.
The first attempt at a plasma ring weapon was successful enough to be classified immediately and nobody has heard anything since. Usually that's a sign that the project was successful and further research classified/suppressed.
I've seen similar happen with Free Election Lasers and EMP weapons in recent years. And with radar stealth before that.
Another tech that seems to have been suppressed is visual/IR stealth technology dating back to Yehudi Lights. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yehudi_lights . God knows what's out there now but it isn't hard to believe that we have nearly perfect visual stealth
Does anyone know why fusion power is not mentioned as a possible application of this method? I thought maintaining a stable torus of plasma is a prerequisite for certain designs.
We were told that it would be about 50 (not 25) years to a self sustaining fusion reaction.
A stream of charged particles of ions and electrons.
* Can this be used to charge a battery?
* Or feed in electrons into a DC power system?
* Can something like this output more energy than it takes in?
- Sure, just not very quickly. It will likely come in the form of antennae (tuned to 1/4 of the resonant frequency, likely around 900MHz or 1800Mhz based on the static experienced by the researchers) and energy harvesting IC. Would need more details to be sure.
- This is a very strange question. Are you asking if it could provide a potential difference(voltage) to allow a flow of electrons (current) ? If so, yeah, probably. Would need more details, like above, to be sure. We're probably talking about several mW of power.
- Categorically, no. Even if we found out Eisenstein was wrong and quantum theory is blown apart, thermodynamics will be solid, and thermo says this will not happen.
This is likely to be an awful way to produce/store/transmit energy, but definitely cool.
> Categorically, no. Even if we found out
> Eisenstein was wrong and quantum theory is
> blown apart, thermodynamics will be
> solid, and thermo says this will not happen.
Also, I don't even think anyone has broken even yet. ITER is supposed to, but we'll see.
> Also, I don't even think anyone has broken
> even yet. ITER is supposed to, but we'll
Unless of course, as other posters mentioned, you consider the energy as present in the matter in the first place, which is a reasonable way to model it too.
1) I don't see a way this could be done directly
2) Maybe? If the plasma was radiating RF energy in a certain band you could maybe make an resonantly coupled antenna and recover some energy.
3) Definitely not. Nuclear fusion is not happening here, merely moving so some into a super excited state causing them to radiate photons of a multitude of frequencies and produce heat.
That seems strange. Earlier in the article it clarifies that the ring is made by squirting water on a crystal and that the ring is maintained by continuing to do that. If you are required to keep squirting water at the crystal to maintain it, is it actually a good storage mechanism? Is the maintenance power draw much lower than the initial creation? How efficient is it?