It's remarkable to google historical places like this and see just how little there is available on the internet, which we usually attribute with holding most of the world's information (the top results for 'Loulan Kingdom' are for tours).
After naively believing for years that I could find all information worth knowing on the web, I've started reading more books, which seem to hold so much knowledge with purely offline sources, gathered by interested academics over decades. Hopefully there are some on this kingdom.
The internet stores incomprehensible amounts of information, but there's a lot being left behind. Most of these books have been created as a result of years of dedication for which an author should be rewarded, thus the lack of free access on the internet (information seems to become free when commonly known and studied by many). Are there better ways we can better reward academics for their work while improving ease of access?
Also, on digitization, early Google had a mission to create the world's largest online library , and their main roadblock was the legal issues. If I remember correctly, the authors who sued later regretted their decision and had done so on the basis of a misunderstanding.
On the language side of digitization, a next-gen translator like DeepL  could prove incredibly useful. They debuted a couple months ago, and their more ML-heavy translations blew people, myself included, away.
“Somewhere at Google there is a database containing 25 million books and nobody is allowed to read them.”
Grew up in China, some of my childhood stories are related to Loulan, a mysterious place. Glad to read about it here.