Rarely have I read a book which made me think about a subject I thought I had a pretty good understanding of completely different. And if that is not enough it's probably one of the few books which doesn't have a moral/ethical agenda but merely seeks to inform about how the crisis happened (and what money really is)
For me it's one now on my list of books about important fundamentals in this world.
The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins (Evolution)
MindStorms by Seymore Papert (Education)
Structure of Scientific Revolution by Thomas Kuhn (Scientific Method/ Philosophy)
Gödel, Escher, Bach by Douglas R. Hofstadter (Formal Systems)
The Innovators Dilemma by Clayton Christensen (Entrepreneurship)
Innovation and Entrepreneurship Peter F Druckert (Entrepreneurship but most likely because I had a quite crazy experience while reading it)
They are all books written by what I consider careful thinkers i.e. people who are able to avoid confusing what they want the world to be with what they actually observe.
They don't have to be right and can be highly subjective as long as their premise is clear and they are aware of it.
- scientific knowledge is embedded in some intellectual ether made of underlying hypotheses often not explicitly stated called paradigms
- paradigms follow a Darwinian evolutionary process, i.e. better paradigms evolve out of not-so-good previous paradigms
- paradigm replacements start with an epistemological crisis , i.e. facts that the current paradigms don't explain well enough.
Hope it helps !
If you believed the world is flat you can still get from one village to the next one and you wouldn't fall of the earth. It's true enough for what it is trying to accomplish. If you want to navigate longer and longer distances or go to the moon however this believe will meet it's limits.
The primary thing people struggle with in general with science and philosophy of science is actually more fundamental in other parts of life to which is Truth.
Popper thought science helped us approach the some objective Truth. Kuhn realized (and I agree) that truth is always depending on the context in which it's defined.
We don't need truth we just need useful.
* Twenty-Three Things They Don't Tell You about Capitalism 
* Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism