The concept of an instrumental variable
covers some of it. Judea Pearl's book Causality summarizes lots of recent (past few decades) work in the area, with a focus on his theoretical framework. There are lots of algorithms for discovering the structural of causality for sets of variables larger than three. Having interventional data always makes these things easier, but it's not the only way to get at causality.
Latest strip at time of writing is https://xkcd.com/1772/
Current strip is https://xkcd.com/1868/
Eyeballing it I think its still likely uniform even if there hasn't been one that would have made it into the article in the last 100.