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Why not compare China to countries that were similarly poor in the 1950s? China, Korea, Taiwan were comparable then, but Korea and Taiwan have leaped ahead now due to saner government. If anything how poor China is in PPP GDP per capita terms vs Taiwan/Korea should be taken as an indictment of how terrible the government's been.



Because then, you would have to account for geopolitics. China didn't receive the kind of helicopter money non-communist countries in the area received. China (but also, e.g. Vietnam) also got access to consumer markets much later.


By conscious choice by the Chinese government though. If a government criminalizes capitalism, they can hardly cry foul if countries that don't do that reap enormous rewards from allowing inward capital investment. Especially when China later reaps the same rewards when they do finally allow it.


We're discussing two very differents topics. I'm trying to explain why the chinese or the vietnamese situation is quite different from e.g. the south korean or the japanese situation, which makes it hard to compare them. You on the other hand, are discussing about the fairness, or moral justification of the events I talk about.

These two discussions are completely orthogonal.


Because getting something to happen in a large country is much much harder than in a smaller country. China is literally 20 times the size of Korea AND Taiwan.

To achieve growth in a small country, you can be nimble and find relatively small market opportunities and then exploit them relentlessly. That simply doesn't scale to 1bn+ people.


> To achieve growth in a small country, you can be nimble and find relatively small market opportunities and then exploit them relentlessly. That simply doesn't scale to 1bn+ people.

Economic reality is actually the opposite of what you state. A big country represents a big domestic market - you don't need export niches or even good products, but can just build to service the internal markets, with massive economics of scale - and then muscle your way into foreign markets when all your corporations are 800lbs gorillas.

If Taiwan is wealthier than the PRC, it is not because their economy and population is so tiny - there is another reason...


All countries with the highest GDP per capita are small:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/...

You need to get to Norway before you see a reasonably sized country.

If what you claimed was true, the US would be on top.





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