Linux on desktops - as in, not a laptop - has worked pretty much flawlessly for me for >10 years. Not much else to say there. If desktop or server, this shouldn't be a discussion.
As far as laptops go, I've just had better experiences with macbooks. Linux on a laptop is still 100% usable and gets you everything you need. Getting things set up can be a way bigger PITA on Linux, like function keys, sound, and god forbid, wirless. I've never installed Linux on a laptop and had wireless not suck, at least a little bit. Mostly just randomly dropping connection. It's gotten better in the last few years, but it hasn't reached that perfect reliability that my mbp seems to have. Ubuntu seems to break a bit more on average - and those errors are a bit more likely to be obnoxious, or blockers even - like during boot. Not saying this is commonplace, but I've NEVER had OS X kernel panic on me during boot.
Again, I would be perfectly happy a linux box instead, but for me it's worth a bit of extra $$ for what has seemed to me to be better reliability.
Most of my experiences have been with Ubuntu LTS releases but really, I've tried all the big ones, and on quite a few different laptops over the years. YMMV of course.
Edit: all that being said, prob will switch over when this one dies, because touch bar... lol
Save time. Support having good laptops and good drivers. Buy pre-installed. Paying the "windows tax" and installing a Linux on a windows laptop isn't just more work, it is bad for the ecosystem.
I wish I could. Unfortunately, I live in a country (Taiwan) where no one knows about Linux. It's impossible to buy a pre-installed Linux laptop here.
You know the most ironic part? My job here is to certify hardware (including a lot of laptops) to work on Linux... so that you guys in the US and Europe can enjoy it :)
Quite some years ago, I went into a smaller electronics store in Germany because I had seen a nice notebook model on their website that had an SKU without operating system.
When I spoke to the clerk, he was completely puzzled that I would want a notebook without Windows. I can still hear his words in my ears: "But you need an operating system!" I tried to explain to him that there exist other OSs, but to no avail. I walked away from that purchase after imagining how support would go if I had any problems with the hardware.
> I wish I could. Unfortunately, I live in a country (Taiwan) where no one knows about Linux. It's impossible to buy a pre-installed Linux laptop here.
It's odd because Taiwan has a very strong IT root, and the Open Source community there is strong. It's true regular PC users don't use Linux, so are the regular PC users in America. Even government supports open source softwares.
Also, it looks like that their ubuntu edition and the windows edition of XPS-13 come with the same wireless cards this year (It used to be broadcom on windows, intel on ubuntu versions), so there might less differences between the two this time around.
It ends up being so complicated and expensive, that just buying a winbook is cheaper. (fun fact: a plane ticket to NYC plus the price for my MBA is less than what it sells for here!).
For example, every time I see these type of news and go to the German web site, those laptops are usually listed as "product not available" or "product no longer available".
Edit: just checked and they have them in stock. Well done Dell.
Check out https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan,_China
>> However, the term is problematic and potentially ambiguous because since 1949, two sovereign states with the name "China" exist, namely the Republic of China (ROC, founded 1912 and now commonly known as "Taiwan") and the People's Republic of China (PRC, founded 1949 and now commonly known as "China")
Developer edition xps13: http://www.dell.com/us/business/p/xps-13-9360-laptop/pd?3x_n...
The fact that hardware - though much improved in the past 15 years - is still a crapshoot on Linux, particularly when it comes to laptop hardware, is so frustrating.
Windows will work on practically any combination of hardware. OS X will work on any hardware it is permitted to operate on. Linux is the only consortium of operating systems that still suffer from the inability to "just work out of the box". I can't see how it's ever supposed to be "the year" for linux when just getting it to run properly on hardware requires buying OEM meant-for-Windows, but we-promise-it-works-with-linux garbage.
Is a "pre-installed" linux laptop even cross-distro compatible? If the laptop comes with Ubuntu pre-installed, what are the odds I can replace it with CentOS or Arch? Is the laptop "designed for linux", or "designed for exactly what is factory shipped, and nothing else"? Can I even do a fresh install of the shipped operating system, or do they hack in additional manufacturer packages/kernel drivers that require you to never reinstall on top of the shipped install? How about OS upgrades? Are they reliable, or do you risk running into compatibility problems, even with a new version of the same distro?
What we really need is a BSD/unix/linux competitor to OS X. RedHat tried, and IMO failed. We need another closed-source unix/linux-based operating system that throws away X.org and its attempted modern replacements, that can directly compete with OS X. I'm tired of waiting for the open source world to try - and fail - to gather momentum. And tired of Apple, who has the best unix/linux operating system, fucking us over with every hardware release.
 How do you type a literal asterisk on HN? Backslash and double-asterisk don't work. nix. \nix. nix
Google the laptop model + Linux before you buy it. That increases the odds of getting a "it works out of the box" experience.
You'll also usually find pretty straightforward instructions how to get things going quickly if they do not work out of the box, or the simple fact that the machine is not well supported.
Also, if you had done enough Windows installs you'd know that things very seldom "work out of the box" if you do a clean install, especially with laptops. Instead, you'll have a fun time hunting bloated driver packages from some slow obscure chinese FTP server.
In addition hardware support on Windows gets worse over time. For example: Have an older Samsung laptop, wanna run Windows 10? Tough luck. 
On Linux you'll have this problem _very_ rarely, if ever, as hardware support (among other things) keep improving over time.
I moved my laptop to Linux full time around the Windows 8.1 transition (which had also re-broken the drivers somehow). Everything worked great in Linux for me until kernel 4.2 or something when backlight brightness stopped working. Then after a few weeks or searching, I found a parameter that made it work again.
After applying the fixes to my dad's laptop, and setting up a few of his "must have" programs under wine for him, he claims that Ubuntu runs better for him than Windows ever did.
Interestingly, this also happened to a lot of Vaios when people upgraded to Windows 10. Now, your Linux was eventually fixed while my Vaio is still running at 0% backlight with zero response from Sony.
I think I know what happened in windows: windows itself has no backlight driver, and the standard GPU drivers have no backlight handling (or do, but its disabled by default). So previously, these laptops would ship with a special Windows 7 driver that would handle the backlight. But its "so much work" to port that driver to windows 10... so they don't. So in this scenario, my laptop originally worked. A fresh installation would require proprietary Samsung drivers, and samsung has stopped providing those for windows 10... literally no fix available (it's possible the windows 7 drivers still work? to be clear, Ive never checked if there are work arounds or other drivers available. I switched to linux before windows 10 came out, and my dad is happy with linux resolving his backlight issues, so Ive never had to look it up)
I would happily do this when was a university student about 20 years ago.
Nowadays, I want to go whatever store (physical or online) and just take what I want to buy.
Yes, there are some online stores for GNU/Linux, but as I discovered with the one I bought (Asus + Ubuntu), it might happen that some things don't quite work.
Also the models being sold aren't that enticing, XPS is the exception.
> I would happily do this when was a university student about 20 years ago.
> Nowadays, I want to go whatever store (physical or online) and just take what I want to buy.
Well, if you do that little research, I suspect you might be disappointed even if you were to stick with Windows 10. With devices as complex as notebooks, I think a few hours of spec-reading and comparison is warranted.
Otherwise I quite plainly wouldn't know what to grab from the shelf once I'm at the store.
Maybe I'm more discerning (you might say: anal), but I like to do a little research for purchases like this.
If you bring Linux on a USB stick, a good store will let you boot into it on the exhibition piece. At least, that was the case for me, and it definitely contributed to my buying my notebook at that particular store.
Look, I understand you that purchasing a Linux laptop with the same certainty of polish that a MacBook has is just problematic. But:
That honestly sounds like a personal problem. And quite a problematic one at that. Do you go into a grocery store and grab the most flashy looking product too? I would hope that you have read up a little bit about nutrition and can take the 5 seconds of your time to see that Flashy Box consists of 90% sugar.
And if a quick Google search of the suggested "model + Linux" is too much time for you whenever you spend $1000+, then how do you find the time to type out this comment?
You merely pointed out one small reason for why you find yourself getting a fully compatible Linux laptop problematic. Your time argument is applicable on the wider issue of not knowing, which you hinted at with your Asus experience.
See: there are a whole lot of things a newcomer doesn't know when they want to get a Linux laptop.
1. They have to know that they have to know beforehand how compatible the laptop is.
2. They have to know how to know how to install additional drivers.
3. They have to know how to revert or otherwise (guess what: I don't know) in case of a similar Wi-Fi driver problem you experienced.
4. They have to know that, in order to get a competitive battery life on the current LTS Ubuntu and Fedora 25, they have to use the terminal to install an additional package (TLP, I didn't know that without it battery life is quite miserable).
5. And this is the summary and the stresser: I don't know what else they, and I, don't know.
Not knowing the things you don't know, that's what you - at least I - don't have time for.
The Chromebooks, those look nice. Linux, without the hassle. I like those. They pass the parent gift test, because it seems like those are the only ones you can just give a family member and never hear about again. No driver issues, no TLP to know to install. And they're so fast! You open the lid and it's ready to go! Why doesn't a distribution pick up Chromium OS and GNU it up, or take the best pieces of it?
As a hardware side note, it appears to be that you sort of get what you pay for. If you want something that runs the seemingly workstation focused Fedora distribution, you probably want a "business" laptop (Lenovo ThinkPad, Dell Precision, HP Elitebook). Ubuntu is more lenient when you tick the 3rd party box during installation, which means most laptops worth their salt appear to work, think $1000+ (the non dev XPS, the ZenBook, VAIO). But don't quote me on that.
Bottom line: windows has crappy driver support for old hardware
We don't need more closed, we need more open. What we need is massive rewards for open hardware via customer money. As long as wireless cards and graphics cards are closed by default and drivers are BLOBed up it's a losing battle by default.
I do believe there's an opening to mini-disrupt Apples hardware (specifically laptop) sales by providing the "Apple experience" of bundling up everything in a neat package with strong branding. Focus very hard on the professional niche, ignore everything else. The key is finding hardware vendors that will play ball (and investors that are willing to take the boring low margin hardware risk). Linux has 30-40% of Apple's market share.
I suppose a bigish player like Dell could also work. I had the feeling their Linux line was more of an afterthought but the current release note of an extended Linux line looks pretty great. I'm not sure about their marketing and approach it isn't focused enough (just sell it as the ultimate developer box imo) but that news had me very excited. Good job Dell :)
Linux doesn't work with absolute consistency because FOSS people still don't understand that source code is a tiny part of the bigger user experience.
The big challenge in the PC business isn't the OS, it's the politics of community building around a platform - "community" meaning users, hardware suppliers, developers, investors, and channel partners.
Linux has a relatively tiny community which only really interests developers, which means that the big hardware companies don't feel any great commercial pressure to support it.
This might change if Team Linux had an evangelical organisation that could negotiate and do politics at the appropriate levels. But politics is a much harder problem than writing code, so that probably won't happen any time soon.
Edit: at the moment some of the distros have evolved to do some of that work, with varying levels of success. But if you want to play in the consumer space (which is a superset of the developer laptop market), you need to do a lot more than release distro installers and hope Dell or someone else will pick them for its hardware.
I don't think that understanding is the major problem. The FOSS community just has a huge surplus of developers and practically no designers. From there on, it's a case of "if all you have is a hammer": If you're most adept at coding, you will try to solve every problem through code.
It needs a full OS stack, from the kernel to the UI toolkit, that is guaranteed to be the same, across all distributions.
Where are the Mac OS X frameworks on GNU/Linux?
Nowhere, because each distribution might be using a total different way to play sounds, music, doing SIMD, process images, accessing databases, UI toolkit ....
Then there wouldn't be "distributions", plural.
> Where are the Mac OS X frameworks on GNU/Linux?
Where are the macOS servers? Where is macOS running on a raspberry pi? Where is macOS running on your home router? On your watch? On your supercomputer? GNU/Linux does just fine.
macOS suits one use case, and one only (though it's very visible); don't make it sound like everything else sucks.
If GNU/Linux wasn't free as beer and people had to pay for it, all those use cases would never have happened.
Hence why it is almost impossible to sell software to GNU/Linux users, and one has to get by writing books, selling consulting services or support.
I consider it an accident of history that Linux won out. We (devs, sysadmins, users) chose this fragmentation for some reason I still don't understand.
I like that I don't _have_ to run a specific piece of software if I don't like the way it behaves/looks.
I can pick something else that gets the job done in a way I prefer
The Sharp Zarus, Nokia stuff, and other efforts pioneered the way for Linux on phones.
OTOH, I'm willing to accept the notion that, given all that, the big players still pushed the industry direction.
For embedded use or being a POSIX clone on the server, it does just fine.
We don't need more closed, we need more open.'
The main problem with Linux, IMO, is its inability to attract proprietary software. And while I really like many aspects of open source, it has devalued software (and software developers) in general for many people. Further, Linux has been largely an exercise in "borrowing" the most successful ideas from proprietary software. It has also been a poster child for poor UI design and inconsistency between applications.
I love the idea of a macOS competitor using FreeBSD. It could include Linux compatibility as FreeBSD does now. For bonus points, write the entire new GUI in Swift...
For the most part, drivers on Linux are determined by the kernel version. Arch typically runs a pretty new kernel, so anything that Ubuntu supports, will most likely be fine. (That applies to pretty much all desktop-oriented distros.) CentOS is server-oriented, and typically runs a pretty old kernel, and as such you need to be more conservative in the hardware you choose. That said, they do backport a fair amount of hardware support from newer kernels.
 The exception to this rule are closed-source drivers, but even those tend to be tied/limited to certain kernel versions.
Excellent source of information.
It's not too difficult but can be surprising if you're not expecting it because your thought everything was in the kernel like I did.
In context of laptops, Microsoft is in a position to kick serious ass on this front should they wish to. Their Surface hardware line is vastly superior to Apple at the moment.
Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) looks promising but is still in its infancy. Unfortunately it will likely have severe limitations for some time, and even then there's no escaping the fact it runs atop Windows.
In my opinion, there's a few rather crazy options:
1. Ship the Surface line with a hypervisor by default. Provide full official driver support for the hardware in both Windows and Linux environments. That means first-class Wacom support on Linux. Ditto power management, touchpad and wireless. Run Windows and Linux simultaneously, with interop support.
2. Reengineer the Windows kernel to update itself without the incessant need to reboot all the time. Windows Update is a piece of crap that needs to be replaced by a proper package manager anyways (at least under the hood). Then, double down on WSL until it's practically at parity with a real Linux install. Failing that, integrate a guest VM with full hardware acceleration and driver support.
3. Microsoft develops their own Linux distro and calls it Windows Developer Edition. Fuse the best parts of each OS together. Windows' existing graphics infrastructure ported as a desktop environment. Native D3D. Native Windows binaries. First-class driver support. A UI oriented towards pure modularity and customization.
I concede the third item is simply fantasy, but we can always dream.
I don't use Linux just because of the terminal. Package managers (and the ability to deterministically install/uninstall packages!!) are one of the strongest pilars. WMs I like are another (we'll each have a preference, mine bine i3wm). And finally, a [somewhat] sane, understandable filesystem hierarchy.
Windows is still so, so far from all of those, that it's still not even close to being a suitable replacement.
But bash on Windows includes apt. It's all of Ubuntu running on the Windows NT kernel instead of the Linux kernel...
Windows has one of the best window managers around and you can make it do pretty much anything you want.
> ...understandable filesystem hierarchy...
Done. And it's actually simpler than any Unix filesystem that I've seen. Obviously millions of users and devs use the Windows filesystem to great success. What parts of the Windows fileystem are you having trouble understanding?
Imagine a filesystem where you don't spread one single application's files around to 10 different locations which differ based on the target distro...that's Windows.
When a package manager is part of the core OS, it handles ALL installed apps, and can update, or remove anything.
apt on bash won't update my firefox, or let me uninstall apps. Stuff will make it in sideways, and won't be tracked by any package manager.
> Windows has one of the best window managers around and you can make it do pretty much anything you want.
Like I said, there's a strong matter of preference, but what can objectively be said is that ONE window manager isn't enough for everybody, and everybody want something different. That's why you have different WMs on Linux.
Also, Windows' WM (whatever it's called) can't do any of the stuff i3wm does, so you're just exagerating.
> Obviously millions of users and devs use the Windows filesystem to great success.
Users don't count, because they barely interact with it. And when they do, they have to follow guides, because they can't understand it. Go ahead. Ask any windows user where specific stuff is stored.
> Imagine a filesystem where you don't spread one single application's files around to 10 different locations which differ based on the target distro...that's Windows.
Why is that a good thing? If you want to know how owns a file, we have package managers to track that.
What exactly do you think i3wm can do that Windows 10 can't be made to do?
Windows 10 has tiling and workspaces. I can add any number of automations via AutoHotKey.
> Users don't count, because they barely interact with it...
Didn't I mention the millions of devs that are on Windows? I also live with a 3rd grade school teacher and she absolutely uses the heck out of the Windows file system. Anyway - as a developer, I use Linux, Mac and Windows to build Node.js and Cordova apps and I use them all fully. Linux for servers, Mac for iOS builds and the occasional Swift app...and Windows for Android and Web development. I just can't see what you think is so "unusable" about Windows filesystem.
Honestly, it just sounds to me like you just hate Windows without even knowing anything about it.
> It's not the same to dumping some package manager on top of an OS (like apt on bash) to having it be part of the core OS...
It might as well be since even on Linux you have to break out of the package manager often in order to get work done!
Have you not seen the hundreds of FOSS projects that ask you to install by curling a shell script right off their site? You can't do shit with just a package manager.
In any case - I'd rather not get stuck using one OS forever. Linux leaves a LOT to be desired. That's why I use multiple systems and I am well versed in each of them. Life would seem so dull if I only knew one OS. I feel sorry for people who are so adamant about never using some tech because of their politics or whatever.
As a developer who does not develop using any Microsoft technologies, this couldn't be farther from the truth. I left my previous job specifically because all 600+ employees were unequivocally required to use Windows. The company and coworkers were by far the best I've worked with, but it became no longer worth the daily frustration of fighting my toolset just to even try and get work done. Oh, you are using VMs on Windows? No, you cannot have a case-sensitive folder share. Symlinks accessible on both the host and guest? Never!
Windows is a disaster. Neither Putty nor cygwin provide an acceptable remote terminal, and PowerShell is a joke as a local console. Multiple monitors with multiple spaces/desktops per screen is impossible to use on a native install, and the third party offerings are all buggy beyond belief. Win+Tab looks like something a 5 year old would design.
I'm back to working for a company who will buy the hardware you request. I finally realized I'm senior enough to be able to ask for the hardware and software licenses I need to be productive; any pushback during the interviewing phase or post-interview negotiations simply means I move on to the next company. I am grateful to have reached the point where I have the freedom to choose.
This apt-get will only track stuff installed via it, while there's dozens of other stuff that just made it in sideways.
Also, ¿Can I run X, i3wm, etc? ¿Can I get rid of the entire Windows DE?
My point is, I don't use bash, because I want all the above. I've no complaint if you prefer windows, that's your choice. But don't tell Linux users that windows is now the same just because you have bash.
I think WSL will be very successful among developers. You can just get any laptop from the store that runs Windows 10 and have Linux running at native speed (except I/O, which is currently a bottleneck in WSL) at the same time without the hardware compatibility problems, etc.
What's your point?
For example: the pages about the past 3 releases of the XPS 13:
From the compatibility point of view, usually more important than the distro is the kernel version. There are some minor exceptions to this, such as Ubuntu vs Fedora 25 on the 9343.
Ubuntu compiles the kernel with CONFIG_ACPI_REV_OVERRIDE_POSSIBLE=y (due to Dell asking for it), and Fedora does not. This results in the soundcard working properly in HDA mode under Ubuntu, but not working properly in I2S mode under Fedora. But this can be fixed, it just takes time and effort to find these information yourself.
No, the year of the Linux desktop - when you can just buy and use a laptop with Linux just as you do with Apple - has not come yet, and will not come in the near future.
I strongly disagree. When the dinosaurs roamed the Earth and I tried to dual boot, Debian ran everything on my desktop from the get go. For Windows, I had to hunt for drivers for all the hardware, or use the provided disks (which was annoying since I hadn't originally bought an optical drive)
Even after installing the network driver, there's usually some ACPI or platform device it can't automatically install and then I'm stuck hunting device IDs and chipset drivers.
and so on ...
This way you're not only helping yourself but also invest into companies which make sure stuff is working on Linux, as they grow all the other OEMs will see the potential and adapt (hopefully).
OS X is only "permitted to operate" on computers designed for it, though. Linux doesn't have issues running on models where the manufacturer actually supports Linux.
Apparently three asterisks + nix = *nix
Anecdata: I've only ever had good luck with my laptops. All bought without OS (other than a make-believe FreeDOS installation).
Granted, I pondered a while which laptop to buy -- but I would do that in any case.
My personal experience is that it's surprisingly easy to get it right nowadays.
In fact I distinctly remember being baffled at how hard it was to install a particular driver -- only to discover that the system balked correctly: the driver didn't need to be installed, the device had been working all along, out of the box. I was banging my head against non-existing walls; these turned out to be harder than existing walls ;-)
I'm sorry to disagree, but after a fresh install of windows you still have to install a ton of drivers for specific hardware plus a ton of reboots after each one.
In fact IMHO Ubuntu offers a way better "out of the box" experience than windows does nowadays.
I've actually hacked the OS X installer to work on an older MacBook that wasn't "supported" anymore.
I think it was OS X 10.5 and the installer had something like this in there:
Rather amusingly everything worked after I changed that one line in the script...
Jordan Hubbard is at iXsystems now. FreeNAS/TrueNAS & PC-BSD/ TrueOS.
Linux is exactly like Windows in this regard: it works just fine as long as you have the right third-party drivers. Hell, I remember having trouble installing my ATI drivers on win7 because win7 fallback was 640x480, and the braindead driver installer window was taller than that - you couldn't see the bottom of the window to click on the buttons (and windows wouldn't let you drag the top of the window offscreen). In the XP days, having windows completely fail to work with NICs was so frustrating that a friend of mine slipstreamed a vanilla installation disk with 676 NIC drivers on it, so 'no matter where you installed it, it would get network!'
So no, Windows doesn't work on 'practically any hardware' - you need to have the right drivers for it, same as linux/bsd/whatever.
Sure. But it seems silly to acknowledge that fact while omitting the fact that hardware manufacturers actually always build drivers for Windows and they hardly ever build them for Linux.
Used a nice little laptop for years in college. I kept fighting it on the headphone jack. It would not recognize when it was plugged in, or the sound did not work period. Hot keys would not work. Etc, etc. Besides that, everyone would always comment on what a nice little laptop it was as I ran it into the ground.
When it died I bounced from HP (horrible, came with AMD graphics that would overheat and AMD cut support for a month later, while still selling them) and then Dell (mostly horrible, but due to Sandy Bridge having horrible graphics support, the Dell had a short power cord, the USB shorted out)
Got System76 Lemur, it was like my old laptop, very small, very quiet, hardware switches for wifi, brightness & turning off screen so they would work. Ivy Bridge would freeze X if I closed and opened the lid enough, but that disappeared with the next version of Ubuntu. Similar issue with Skylake Lemur, went away when I used Manjaro with Mesa 13.
There is a small premium vs Dell or HP systems, but those are Dell and HP systems. You get what you pay for. Loud, poorly design pieces of crap (at least when I bought them). If you are willing to drop a grand and a half on a Macbook you would still save money on a System76.
This kind of issue is why I stopped bothering with linux on laptops and got a macbook.
EVERY single laptop I've used linux on (which were all researched before hand to include hardware that's not supposed to have issues with linux, and this includes a system76 lemur ultra laptop I had with ubuntu pre-installed) has had issues along these lines (e.g. random graphics driver freezes, suspend/resume issues, backlight issues, wifi issues, randomly freezing during boot etc...).
Random suspend/resume issues were by far the most common issue. With every laptop it would work like 95% of the time, but that remaining 5% of the time where it decides it doesn't want to resume is enough to make it unusable as far as I'm concerned. I've not once ever had a macbook (with OSX) refuse to suspend or resume on me.
Sometimes you could distro hop, update your kernel etc... to get past them, but there would always be some new issue along those lines that would crop up eventually. I felt like I was spending more time distro hopping, reporting bugs, trying to work around bugs etc... then I was actually doing anything productive.
Intel hardware is not problem free on Windows or Mac OS X. I have a dual boot of Windows 7 on my older Lemur. The Intel driver, which last I checked, had not had an update in years for 7, still has graphic glitches in a few places. Firefox with Suspend tab extension will not render the side bar correctly (or the toolbars) on 7. Intel's drivers are just not that good.
I do not have this problem with the Mesa drivers on Linux. As far as I can tell, I do not have any problems. The Lemur is rock solid. The only reason I bought a new one was because I abuse the poor thing and System76 had a sale.
Oh, you're fortunate. I'd not seen it prior to Yosemite but the two MBP's (mid-2012 15" and early-2015 13") I have here running Yosemite and El Capitan both with external displays manage to wedge their graphics and have suspend/resume issues. The newer one in particular gets rebooted every day or it eventually wedges its display (ssh sessions continue to work, so I can sometimes recover).
Guess what, the Ubuntu devs decided they should replace the Broadcom closed source WiFi drivers by the half-working open source ones, so during six months I didn't had a working wireless connection.
Asus could not support us, and Ubuntu forums were full of hacking the old drivers into the updated ones, or have patience and wait for the new working ones.
I had to disable sleep and hibernation, because it would only wake up again by forcing a full reboot, taking the battery out.
Still have it with GNU/Linux, just to have a machine around with it running directly on hardware, instead of a VM.
It even asks you during install. I think it's on the very first page they show you.
If you wish I can try to track down the online forum discussions, with the hacked down suggestions from the Ubuntu developers that decided to throw away the broadcom drivers during an update, just because.
As far as I know they haven't resolved it yet.
Was thinking about the latest XPS w/Kaby Lake CPU... but this would give me pause.
I'm able to find the Windows version , as well as the XPS 13 Developer Edition , but no XPS 15 Developer edition.
I just want my 15 inches. I did 13 for years and the pain still haunts me.
Granted, the last 3D game I've ran on my XPS 15 was Half-Life 2, and it's pretty fast even on the integrated Intel video card.
The default Ubuntu distro with Unity, because I think it's nice.
The 13" developer edition was close enough to perfect for me with the 1920x1080 display, battery life takes a hit with the 4k screens. Getting a 15" this time around, but expect delays on the developer edition, they usually launch a few months after the regular 15" while they sort new drivers.
Meanwhile, I've installed Arch and NixOS on a Chromebook Pixel 2013, Chromebook Pixel 2015, Lenovo X1 Carbon and a 2015 Macbook Pro in the last 18 months. Never had a significant issue, other than sound not working on the Pixels until I ran `yaourt -S linux4-samus`.
When these threads pop up, I often get the impression that people are relaying experiences from 5+ years ago and assuming nothing's changed since then.
Meanwhile, I don't have to deal with OS X's obnoxious behavior: the fact that I can't have a touchpad be natural scroll with an external mouse that is normal scroll. The fact that PageUp/Down/Home/End act completely inconsistently when using a "Windows" external keyboard with OS X. The feature-less window manager. Finder. Etc. If I have to spend 20 minutes tweaking Linux on my laptop, it's a small price compared to bending to OS X's quirks. In my opinion, of course.
I am writing this on a Chromebook Pixel 2013 variant, the wifi on this machine and every other Chromebook I have used is rock solid. I like the 'design classic' aspect of the Pixel (original flavour) and I didn't want to take it to pieces or leave it broken. Therefore, new Chromebook. My new cheap (£250) Chromebook is the Asus one with the HD screen, zero moving parts and a tough aluminium case. Everything on it works except for the internal speakers (sound is on HDMI) but I don't need sound to read my emails and write stuff in 'vi'.
Rather than go for an esoteric linux I went for the ease of Gallium OS. This is an XFCE Ubuntu with all the hardware sorted except that HDMI sound problem...
Now for ports... I presume next-gen Chromebooks will be USB-C, I just wanted a glorified keyboard/screen with wifi that worked, however, the ports are proper ones on the Chromebook, no fiddly mini HDMI or other leads that restrict the movement of the laptop. Battery life - realistically I can go all day but I get range anxiety if I do that so I carry the brick.
I run DHCP on the cheap Chromebook complete with a reverse proxy so that my dev environment (still on the old laptop) can be worked on via the Chromebook (which runs keyboard/mouse sharing via Synergy) and via the phone/tablet for testing.
I believe that the next generation Chromebooks are going to solve a lot of problems for me, my cheap chromebook doesn't do sound, the screen is non-touch but HD, the keyboard is not backlit (I use an external keyboard now) and I am not sure it has a CPU... I wonder if the android running next-gen Chromebooks will eat into the non-pro, non-developer market that Apple are trying to make their own, if this does happen then the Apple market share will start to diminish.
The new $500 Samsung with HiDPI screen? I do all of my development remotely like you, but on an Azure VM. I just want a nice screen to look at when I typing into vim via mosh. At $500, I'm really hopeful that there will be a steady stream of Linux-capable, HiDPI, USB-C enabled hardware for the forseeable future. I already own three chargers that will charge it.
Yes, I love Chromebooks and I'm not that into Chrome OS. Thank you Google!
Bluetooth is still a damned mess. That, and battery life, and GPUs "just working", are the big differentiators IME. Of course YMMV.
That said, the sibling comment has it right. Why am I buying laptops that don't support Linux if I'm going to use Linux on them? From now on, I'll only buy things that have Linux support as a first-class objective.
Same experience here. My guess lingering reputations take more than 3 years to die off. Everything has surprisingly worked well out of the box me with my two Xubuntu installations I've done the last week. This is coming from a FreeBSD-land, where I'm used to setting up configurations files to load drivers and installing Xorg, xfce and it's plugins from scratch.
My setup is a very minimal on Arch, so the comparison is slightly unfair but it shows my point. OS X doesn't do any special magic. Linux can achieve equally low power consumptions with decent drivers and correct setup.
You can say that again. If you ever get a mic working, that is.
Through the years, my headset has switched back and forth between "works flawlessly" and "I've no fucking idea why it won't work or how to make it work".
My current status is the latter, and there seems to be no clear understanding on why it fails. Even though my setup is the exact same (except for OS updates, of course).
Meanwhile, nothing else has failed. Ever.
Second time I did it differently and wrote it up on the distro forum,you can see it here http://forums.bodhilinux.com/index.php?/topic/14043-bluetoot...
Seems like it got a lot easier between Bodhi Linux 3.x and 4.0 (Ubuntu 14 vs 16).
You might only experience issues in the latest Intel iteration, while they fix some glitches. But Macs have also had teething problems.
ARMs will also become more an more a great option. For example Chromebook Asus C201 can be run with free software and firmware. And it's great & cheap.
The general rule of thumb is, if there are free drivers, it will work well. If not, it won't. Or at least, you might suffer the effects of planned obsolescence.
You aren't doing a fair comparasion. You are comparing macOS on a Macbook with Linux on a generic laptop. I have a wonderful, hassle-free experience with Fedora 25 on a ThinkPad X240.
For anyone else, if you want Linux on a laptop without having to do additional work to enable hardware support, use Ubuntu or Fedora on a ThinkPad from X, T or W series.
Anecdata: I have a wifi extender at home just so a MacBook doesn't disconnect every few minutes. ThinkPad with Intel wifi and Linux didn't need it.
`sudo modprobe iwlwifi 11n_disable=8`
In fact, Alfa Atheros antennas are the preferred option of those doing pentesting. Besides, I have great experiences with some models connecting to super low SNR networks where Broadcom would never ever connect.
Ready for the kicker? When running Linux on the macbook, the wireless doesn't drop, but the macbook does not have a linux keyboard driver so I can't use it outside my house.
Sample of one, etc.
 It crashes every few days while running continuously, to give a sense of time. The macbook's wireless drops at least once every hour or so. Hence why the laptop is better for me than the macbook.
Stick to Intel WiFi chips, and you'll be OK. They provide an open driver (iwlwifi). Second best is probably Qualcomm Atheros (ath10k), also open driver. Stay away from the rest.
Intel 802.11ac cards work really well on Linux. The only problem with laptops can be nasty blacklisting (Lenovo is notorious for that). I.e. if you buy a WiFi card separately and it's not from the "approved" list, the UEFI firmware will reject it preventing computer from booting, and there is almost nothing you can do about it, except buying a card with correct ID from the "approved" list. Not sure if other manufacturers are as nasty, but I encountered this with Lenovo.
I've installed Ubuntu on probably at least 20 computers (conservative estimate) and have only had wireless suck once or twice.
I'm currently typing on an old Dell Inspiron N1440 running Ubuntu 16.04 and if I remember correctly, this is the one where wireless didn't work when I installed the OS, but I ran some updates while hardwired before I got to address the wireless issue and the updates fixed it for me.
Also special function keys work as well.
I use fedora though.
A few things here: Don't worry about being on the bleeding edge with linux. I'm sticking with fedora 23 for a while. I still update the kernel and the like. Other than that, things have by and large worked for me. I would love to hear contradictory stories though. I'm not sure where the gotchas are. I'm definitely not so starry eyed about linux that I know there are problems, but I've found I can't use stand windows or osx.
Still? When I bought a new notebook in 2012, the particular model had been out for 3 days. Yet there was a very detailed installation guide in the Arch Wiki for that particular model, and the only issues I had were with the brightness keys on the notebook (both for screen and keyboard backlight). The backlight control via UI worked, but not via keys. Was fixed a few months later.
I'll probably be switching from Macs to either Linux Mint or Elementary OS once the new XPS 15" are out.
The wireless range is insane too.
Even the built in LTE modem "Just works" with networkmanager/modemmanager.. it's awesome.
I had to install one piece of software though, and that was fprintd (to use the fingerprint reader) and add a line to a pam.d file to use it.
The _only_ thing that has not worked yet is the Fn+F4 to sleep however it is a keyboard scancode thing as the laptop immedately goes to sleep when i close the lid and wakes when I open it again (without _any_ issues).
Oh.. and in bios I swapped the control and Fn keys as not having control all he way to the left was driving me insane!
To my limited knowledge, intel hardware has excellent linux support. If you need a little more muscle in the GPU go for nvidia rather than AMD.
I wonder why there's such lack of belief in everyone. I think this touchbar is just a temporary transition-time solution and we'll have a decent replacement in a year (tactile feedback, retina-resolution, etc.)
Not to mention battery life is almost always worse.
Sad, but true.
Unless one is into proper UI/UX design experiences, game and graphics programming specially with multi-GPU and all those nice buttons on the laptop.
Game and graphics programming - fair point.
Nice buttons, assuming you mean that row of lights and so on that laptop designers seem to love, always just work for me. Volume, wi-fi, etc work. What doesn't work is the "open a calculator" type button, but I could fix that with a bit of customizing key bindings. As it's so easy to open the "everything finder" in the DE I use ( Moshka/E17) it is easier than reaching for those off-keyboard buttons.
Maybe you need to distro hop a bit more?!
Nice way to welcome outsiders into the GNU/Linux world, then don't complain non-geeks don't feel welcome.
I use GNU/Linux since Slackware 2.0 and have used quite a lot of UI managers, probably all the most known ones.
My remark of UI/UX was from the point of view of someone that also does it, creating software for people that want to know as little as possible from computers, regarding their actual work.
lenovo.com redirects me to https://www.lenovo.com/se/en/ since i'm currently in Sweden. I then get nice server error as greeting: 403 - Forbidden: Access is denied.
If I try to access lenovo.de I get often no response... also for subsequent pages...
On dells website it takes an awful lot of time to filter their laptops. It's not even 100 items... why does it take so long?
Acer has a nice compare function. The only problem is that you can't compare laptops of their business line with the home ones. They also have too many different models. The compare function doesn't showcase any difference.
A.) Tells you what they are selling, and
B.) Can sell it to you.
My girlfriend bought an Asus Zenbook the other day; it's a really nice machine and made me wonder whether there might be a Zenbook for me. So I ended up on http://www.asus.com/zenbook/global/index.html. Is there a product list? No. A comparison feature? No. A way to buy, like, anything at all? Fuck you, says Asus. Here, have a bunch of annoying marketing copy; if you like that enough then maybe you can buy from some online retailer who has screwed up the model-numbers, unless you'd rather go to a shop were some know-nothing highschooler will try to make a commission by upselling you.
Had the same experience with HP. I take your word for it that Leno and Dell and Acer are similar. Really made me appreciate Apple's retail mechanisms (as much as I'm aiming to exit their ecosystem).
Seriously, industry: WTF? Get it together, guys!
The only good way to get their machines is through a reputable reseller who has them on a shelf.
A.) Tells you what they are selling, and
B.) Can sell it to you.
C.) Be able to configure a US keyboard when you're not in the US.
(I'm sure it might be possible to order one over the phone, but why should I have to?)
On the other hand, manufacturers like Asus, Lenovo and Dell have everything from the economy to premium range which makes the content organization a natural headache. And it looks like nobody has figured out a good way to fix everything up.
When I try to find a product I often can't find it. Or I can only find the previous year/range's version. Or I can only find it if I pretend to be in the US. Or mostly it is out of stock. And all this time direct links works so the products exists, I just cant find them consistently.
Went through this recently trying to find the XPS13 DE for a friend. He bought his first macbook pro in the end instead(a 2015 one just after the touchbar launched).
Yes their SKU stock is massive compared to Apple, so navigation will be trickier, but why do they need to make it so hard by hiding products etc.
As far as I can tell, Dell has just a handful of models (XPS, Precision etc.), but if you go and look at the XPS 15, for example, it's a grid of dozens of SKUs with various specs instead of just a single page with customization options. It's not even a matrix -- with models varying by CPU and RAM and disk and such, you'd expect that at least they'd arrange them visually in some kind of table. It must be a nightmare for non-technical people.
They're all like this, and it becomes hilariously complicated when the manufacturer has, like Lenovo, dozens and dozens of models, and it's impossible to understand what the difference is between them and which ones are targeting which uses. (You have to ask why they're so unfocused, too. Is it an intentional tactic?)
Asus seems to be one of the few to understand this (aside from Apple); their Zenbook site is pretty friendly and focused. Though they still insist on nonsense model names like "UX390UA".
It's not just PCs, of course. It's all consumer electronics: TVs, sound systems, what have you.
"The framistan line is successful but I hear from our customers that we should have some options that add [x] and drop [y], while having support for more [z]."
"We need to create a new line, a totally separate brand from framistan that has way more [x], [y] but no [z] at all. The competition has entered this space and there is clearly a market there."
They say this as often as they can, iterating over various x, y, z triples and they maximize the product line, perhaps until they hear feedback like yours.
Apple, OTOH, does whatever they want, targeting limited segments in order to keep everything simple. They lose out on lots of opportunity by restricting themselves to just parts of the market. But they also have a money tree, so it doesn't really matter.
Re: nonsense model names. As a technical consumer I much prefer these very-distinct names that change with each new release. When I read a review, it's very likely that I'm reading the right review. When I'm buying used, it's very likely that I'm getting the right product. Brands like Amazon Kindle Fire, MacBook, IMO make searching for and finding the right stuff harder. I can appreciate the elegance of a simple product name, though. Typically they're concealing the true model info under some other header, but it's usually harder to identify.
Nice brand names like MacBook doesn't preclude having precise model IDs, though. The MacBook range mostly has unique model names (and Apple publishes a full list ), for example.
As a counter-argument, an example from TVs: The same TV models are sold all over the world with different identifiers. They'll do things like tack on an "E" for European models. But it makes it really hard to find reviews, because the same Samsung model sold in the US as UN40J5200 might be UN40J5300E in Europe, and you don't necessarily know how to translate between the two identifiers (though they often have a system about what the letters and digits mean so you can decode them, kind of). You might find a review for Samsung UN40J6200 and hope that it's close enough.
> Nice brand names like MacBook doesn't preclude having precise model IDs, though. The MacBook range mostly has unique model names (and Apple publishes a full list ), for example.
I guess the difference is that Apple doesn't list each and every configuration option as a different product, but only shows them when it's relevant: During the purchase process / checkout. While Lenovo, Dell and Co. show a collection of slightly different configurations as separate cards in what looks like a very generic e-commerce theme, Apple wants you to make decisions step by step:
- Visit central product page (iMac / iPhone / Macbook / Macbook Pro / ...)
- Follow store / purchase link
- Select one of very few base models that are distinguishable by major (!) attributes (like screen size or the good/better/best-principle)
- Adjust details (CPU, RAM, etc.) as needed. Or don't and just opt for the default base model.
This process covers 27 different product variants in a step by step checkout workflow that is easy to grasp and understand by the customer.
Typically when they released the iPod nano, they decided to stop the iPod mini even though some customer would have still chosen it.
* There are rumblings by many about the mac laptop variations not being cleanly delineated.
I recently bought an induction hob, and it's exactly the same.
Bosch for example have a series 4, 6 and 8 and within that, models with various configurations. At first I assumed series 8 was the best or newest, but there are low and high end models in all of the series. I looked through the manufacturers specs, and even in terms of features I couldn't see anything different between the series, only between induvidual models. Maybe the series refers to what day the 'design team' came up with it?
I tried to look at some reviews online to see what people said was the best - I live in Northern Europe and haven't yet picked up the language so looked at reviews on UK and German sites. Except the models available there aren't available here, and vice versa.
At the end of the day they are all pretty much the same (they all cook stuff), so I just went to the shop and picked one that wasn't too cheap or too expensive and looked the prettiest (Wife Approved TM).
Just give me a basic webpage with checkboxes and a price that gets auto updated.
Honestly it's been ready for years on the desktop (of course, this does not apply if you are an expert user in Y software only available on Z platform and need to use it for your job/company, etc...). Ubuntu 16.04 did not bring anything significant on the table, it's just that most people have not noticed. I switched full Linux back in 2009~2010 and I have never looked back since.
As well as giving me a reliable* platform to work on, this had the enormous benefit of allowing me to say "I don't know anything about Windows any more, so if you want me to help you with your computer you'll have to switch to Linux" to friends and family. Many switched, and I must have saved myself months of fixing Windows machines.
So I offer a heart-felt thanks to Linus, GNU and the Debian and Ubuntu maintainers every day.
* Last week my xorg.conf disappeared. After half an hour cursing while I found and fixed the problem, I realised I couldn't remember the last time computer problems had impacted my productivity - it has certainly been several years. I obviously have no idea how Windows runs now, but my recollection is that it wasted several hours a month.
Linux is able to get it right in almost every way imaginable, but I can't think of any distro that's as resilient to the user as Windows. Almost all the bloat, crap, and bad decisions seem aimed ostensibly at making it difficult or impossible for the user to ruin their system, and obviously they still are far from impervious.
Oh so you mean like folks reinstalling Windows all over again? Seen that happening many times.
I installed Ubuntu MATE on my sister's netbook ~2 years ago and when I asked her a few months ago if the netbook still runs the system I installed, she said "yeah, no issues".
I know so many people that use their computers just for web-surfing, image viewing, watching movies and listening to music (+ skype maybe) and since they are (generally speaking) not interested & uninformed in any other things (e.g. Photoshop), Windows OS is even frustrating for them - just because it ends up installing tons of malware through clicking pop-ups while they are web surfing. They have no idea how to get rid of those toolbars and they don't know they can try google for help. Linux is a safe neighbourhood, a peace of mind and ready (at least) for these users - and I guess there are millions of them.
Valve, through Steam, has made monetization of Linux games more viable. So now there are many titles available on Linux compared to years ago.
There's still a gap, but I hope that Vulkan gets traction and becomes the de-facto standard rather than DirectX. DirectX was pushed through a lot of FUD controversy during the evil years of Microsoft (they claimed that in future Windows versions OpenGL was going to be put behind a compatibility layer with a performance hit, and developers freaked out and moved to DirectX. Then it didn't happen).
Btw, I also started with Ubuntu but I'm finding Arch a much better and up to date distro.
The two biggest issues I've ever had with linux are printer support and modem support. Time solved both issues before developers did, no one uses dial up and I no longer print anything at home.
I love how using an ageing Canon USB-scanner just works without any configuration on any new install of Ubuntu, because the driver is supported by the SANE project. No vendor-specific software needed; just open up Simple Scan and… scan.
And ubuntu comes a bit bloated out of the box. At least for a "normal" power user that knows how to install the things he/she needs.
I'm also impressed from the support in the packages.
For example, you need a new fancy editor? latest version? Atom, VS Code? sure, just install it from the package manager.
Maybe need the latest of node.js? or vivaldi browser? It has them. It's much more complete than I thought.
No need to look for .deb packages on anything.
And last, I won't have to change anything in 6-12 months when a new version comes out. There are no scheduled releases from what I understand. You can always be up to date.
Personally, I don't see any single reason to install ubuntu again.
Yeah, setting up the environment is a hassle.
Happy to help if I can.
Many arch users often say "you must go through our annoying installation process to understand linux better!" - but that's only true if the person migrating to arch is a linux newbie.
Frankly I've been using linux for 20 years and now that I am older and a parent I have much better uses of my very limited time than going through an obnoxious chroot install and configuring some files in /etc. Antergos is great.
Also, how is packaging? With Ubuntu, someone always has a PPA for everything.
However, in the one year I have been using Arch as my main distro, I had only two small breakages.
The first was a recent upgrade of openvpn, which required you to move some folder from one place to the other. however this was a known breaking change, so it was announced on the Arch-announce mailing list. :)
The second happened this weekend. I had been using the infinality-font-bundle, which provides a patched fonts set that is beautifully rendered. However it seems that the developer hadn't been keeping up with the new versions of fontconfig and the had been some new options added, and after an update gdk-bixbuf2 needed one of them to function. (which resultet in missing icons) This was fixed after 5 minutes of googleing.
So not something very dramatic.
The package manager is pacman and the standard repos already have a lot of software. And then there is the AUR, where everybody can upload build-scripts for stuff that is not in the official repositories. Most of the time they work great, there hasn't been any software at all that I had to download from a browser.
What I'd like is a stable base system with cutting edge apps, but I don't know if any distro offers this.
Arch has AUR (http://aur.archlinux.org/) which has probably way more things than PPA have
My three day old vanilla Ubuntu desktop install completely froze up on me the other day. I wasn't doing anything out of the ordinary - browsing Reddit with Firefox. It was a mostly default Ubuntu install (nvidia and broadcom drivers) and otherwise completely up to date.
I was frustrated enough I haven't bothered to troubleshoot it yet, but my best guess is somehow I ran it out of the 16 gigs of memory in my desktop, and the default install either didn't create a sufficient swap file, or it was not very proactive in swapping.
If I can freeze a basic install by browsing Reddit with the default web browser, there's something fundamentally broken.
I would agree if you could show causation, but this is only correlation. I could tell you how many hundreds, maybe thousands of hours I do exactly what you've described with NO freezing, but so could a lot of others. I'm sure others yet can tell you of freezing.
None of this is perfect. But one anecdata does not a readiness state (nor lack of it) make.
My PC, which runs Windows, does the same thing. I've determined that it's actually an issue with the power supply. It has nothing to do with the operating system.
I guess what I'm saying is, do some troubleshooting first before you blame it on Ubuntu.
Note: sometimes a bad drive works fine under windows but dies under linux simply because windows doesn't happen to use the fault sectors.
Linux itself is quite stable. Simply install a recent distro and off you go. If you're using a heavy Window Manager you'll get all the convenient configuration applets you need. The real issue, IMO, is the desire to tinker.
OS X is a bit limiting in what you can do with it. I haven't seen anyone with custom window decorations in OS X in a long time. Short of running a software update we aren't capable of tweaking kernel versions and system utilities. If we stick to the same limitations in Linux it's going to be near impossible to break.
Once the Linux tinkering sets in you'll find that you've installed a bleeding edge kernel, changed some repository sources, modified Xorg.conf, ./configure && make && make install'd an obscure library (then (mostly) uninstalled it), and installed Python 2 alongside Python 3 without rebooting for two months. Good luck rebooting at that point ;)
With great power comes a great desire to shoot ourselves in the foot.
Linux has gotten significantly less painful over the years, and it's not just that I'm more familiar with it now. Installing a mainstream distro these days is easier than the last time I installed Windows (granted, that was XP).
I finally caved and started using a Mac for work. I was afraid that I would like it so much that I would just have to buy one for home, but I actually find Linux is still pleasant to use, I still think I prefer it over Mac OS.
And the best part is, Wayland (Ozone) support is already in Chromium, it's just not really enabled right now.
(with that said, cant wait for Wayland to finally happen)
I have a news for you people: some distros
About the Python 2 alongside Python 3 et similia: fortunately, integrating Virtualenv for python and Docker for all the rest in your workflow solves many of those crazy lib dependencies causing instability.
About the xorg.conf and instable kernels, I'm VERY SURPRISED there's not a Linux kernel fork, heck even a branch that is pre-optimised and stabilised for those 4 or 5 most common Linux laptops.
And if it's unreasonable to delegate this effort to the kernel devs, how about Ubuntu starts to maintain an XPS13-2015/X1Carbon2016 variant of the kernel deb package?
For me I've always been optimistic. Linux as desktop offers choices and freedom. I've been running Linux as my main desktop since Fedora Core 1 (you can count). Overall the kernel and desktop environments (window managers) are getting better (especially KDE). Of course, there has been learning curves and all sort of frustration, many weird problems to attack but never a real showstopper AS LONG AS you had the time and passion to research (learn) and fix them (at least it is how I have built up my Linux skills tree).
It's about freedom and choice, also the habit that has formed over the years.
I do use a MacBook Pro 15" for work (on the move, portability, battery life is better than running Linux on it - plus the wireless driver hassle - no worth it - as long as iTerm2 and homebrew is in place - don't care), but the pretty much all grunt work is done on my workstations (2 optiplex) in office and home. They both are running Arch Linux + KDE Plasma 5 (Xfce4 and other light weight WMs as alternatives). I just feel relaxed and in control of the OS (can do pretty much what I want - like mount a part of physical memory as ramfs/tmpfs and use it to do heavy I/O tasks etc... similar to drive a manual car ;-)
I don't mind using a Mac but do consider Linux as a good and free alternative when coming across things that do not work well on Mac. It may not work for all but you'll have to give it a try to know.
In addition, better consult and seek advice from Linux veterans regarding distribution/desktop environment/window manager choices, known hardware support issues and best practices beforehand, save you time and trouble ;-)
TLP may be useful for people who run Linux on laptops
TLP – Linux Advanced Power Management
Laptop Mode Tools is the then standard way of power saving, not sure if it is obsolete now.
In addition, Intel's PowerTop and other stuff on 01.org can also be useful if running on Intel architecture (GPU).
I had been running Ubuntu 8.04, 10.04 12.04 on Dell Latitude D630 and E6410 (suspend to memory worked fine `pm-suspend` and then `systemctl suspend`) for several years, during that period of time laptop mainly sat on docking station as a desktop so I couldn't care less about power management, performance was first priority (e.g. no HDD spin-down `hdparm -B 254 /dev/sdX`, no swap devices, vm.swappiness=1 etc...).
However, I actually agree with a lot of the below, the alternative programs on Linux aren't up to scratch with tools people build their livelihood on (Illustrator, Photoshop, Sketch etc).
But the opposite is true also, I find development painful on OSX, I get pissed when starting with a new company and they assume I want a Mac. My stack is LAMP, it's what the servers run, its what I want to run on my local development machine as well.
I am currently on Windows / Virtualbox with a full desktop version of Ubuntu 16.04 and its a great setup, best of both worlds, I can develop natively and if there is anything I need to do that is beyond the capabilities of any Linux Replacements (e.g I had to some pretty heavy vector editing the other day), I have Windows available just a minimise away!
I have the older Skylake version and it runs just fine as long as you use Mesa 13 (I use Manjaro so it is not an issue).
System76 does little things such as commit driver fixes to the kernel and flash a custom bios and firmware to make the hardware run better with Linux. If you want to good hardware support on Linux you can't go wrong with buying laptop from them.
That said, they make great laptops. I love my four year old Gazelle.
If you feel a bit more adventurous and want the all of the newest Software try Manjaro-KDE.
KDE has a traditional Desktop experience, that can be tweaked in every way. It is much more polished and all the other Linux desktops and it uses Qt5 as it's base - so the team doesn't need to develop the widget toolkit and can focus on the desktop. Lastly gtk apps look much better in KDE than Qt apps in Gnome.
BTW: I was a long time Unity and then Gnome user, so I know what I am talking about. I switched to KDE this summer and never looked back.
The early transition years from Gnome 2 to Gnome 3 were rough, and I switched to KDE for this time. KDE was fine, but Gnome 3 has been polished a lot in the last view years. So I switched back to Gnome 3 and never looked back :).
For me it's all about the APIs. When I want to do something like:
tell application "iTunes" to return every track whose genre is "Rock" and rating > 3
then I don't want to mess around with API documentation for 10 hours and trying lots of different music managers, then importing my large library, just to lose all the tags.
I expect similar APIs in the file browser, text editor, photo library, contacts, calendar, and web browser apps too. A common API is what makes an ecosystem to me.
This is a great point. I bought Dell's first Ubuntu laptop offering back in '07 or '08, and am still thankful I did to this day, even though the machine has long since retired. Back then the MacBook Pro was a very solid offering, and a Linux laptop was almost a joke. But I still have Youtube video tutorials I recorded from that laptop, it was a great machine and your point is as true now as it was then. Try it out, don't just sit there ignorantly whinging, is my version. :-)
OSX : Productivity, Linux : Development, Windows : Games
I've been with all of these for all my computing life & still doing the same.
OSX/macOS is great for anyone who doesn't want to meddle with their system, especially if you use iDevices. Though developers have historically liked OSX, it could be apt for web development or anything non resource consuming (like java/android). For e.g I symlinked my android sdk (15 GB) to another SSD and had the android studio run from the native partition & the android studio's instant run feature sure made whole lot of mess and took 1 hour to compile ~2,00,000 lines of code. Of course this is not the fault of OSX, but I can manage partitions better & expandability is cheaper in a linux based system. Of course
Linux : I use an external SSD with Arch Linux for android development with the Mac. It has improved my development productivity multifold. Of course you might need some tinkering to do, but will be straight forward unless it involves GPU. Basically GPU drivers, especially Nvidia sucks big time on linux.
Windows : DirectX.
Perhaps the Vulkan drivers will make it even better to write crossplatform games.
We use ubuntu for that here. Outside adding your own dotfiles the machines are completely untouched. Works like a charm.
Okay, I admit I have also changed my desktop background ;)
Mostly, because preinstalled with Windows and then installing yourself is still cheaper than buying from a small, single trader.
I believe those missed the point about Linux. They thought the rage was all about saving the costs of Windows licenses, and they could not survive the aggressive licensing program of the late Windows XP/Vista period, when Microsoft practically gave away licenses almost for free. I don't believe it's about costs. IMHO it's more about freedom.
One person was complaining about custom duties and warranty issues in Europe.
As I wrote in another comment System76 does little things such as flash custom firmware and bios to make the computer more Linux friendly.
Yes, twice, very good. Check my other comments for more info. Long story short, the Lemur is an excellent little laptop that replaced two large pieces of crap from HP and Dell. AMD cut support for the graphics a month or so after I bought it, and it always ran very hot. The Dell's usb ports shorted out. I have never had that happen before.
The only problem I have had is with Intel. Intel does not get mature launch support in their drivers until well after launch. My Ivy Bridge Lemur would freeze once in a while after resuming. I do not think it was fixed until Ubuntu 13.04 (It came with 12.04). I had to put Manjaro on my Skylake Lemur to get Mesa 13 to get all the issues fixed. Skylake has been out more than a year, and Mesa 13 came out recently. Skylake has not been as bad as Sandy Bridge, but still a problem.
> some laptop robustness and touchpad / build quality issues
Do not have issues with the touchpad.
Compared to the HP and the Dell I bought the Lemurs handle heat very well, build quality seems very good. The Skylake and later Lemur's have a very sleek, modern look. The Ivy Bridge Lemur has a boxer look that you can see with other laptop models.
I do not know what you mean by 'laptop robustness'. I knocked the Ivy Bridge Lemur onto the floor and it survived. The power plug was off centered because it fell on it's power input, but it was like $20 USD to fix. The shipping cost me more.
My advice to you would be to always request the latest Ubuntu.
Edit: to clarify, desktop might range from dirt cheap commodity hw to high profile workstations. So no blades, rack-mounted stuff etc. (I don't know what fits your definition of server).
Linux offers could work for people just wanting a working computer with less risk of viruses. People that don't care for their machine running Linux.
Most other people interested are tech savvy and will compare other offerings as well or selfbuild.
On top of X's display issues, it has input issues, especially with trackpads. This should be self explanatory to anyone who's run Linux on an Macbook Pro and likely with any other trackpad. I think many of the issues can be fixed with many days spent on tweaking the drivers, but some of the issues don't seem to have a fix that the drivers support (proper double tap detection that only registers a double tap if my fingers are close together--should part of accidental touch detection--for example).
I really want it to work but X is simply insufferable in its current form. I shouldn't have to reinstall the OS multiple times just to test it out or debug X when it fails to load (it's just easier to reinstall). Ironically, everything else works perfectly for me, including all necessary software, wifi, nvidia gfx, etc.
If your experience is mostly with Apple hardware, which I haven't used in a while, then you're taking a risk. The manufacturer/distributor is not playing nice with the community. I use mostly Intel generic hardware (including Intel video cards). At worst, I had to use Debian "testing" for the first few months after buying new hardware.
Wayland fixes issues in the Linux security model, but otherwise I don't know how well it does on hardware where the manufacturer isn't contributing. You need to direct that feedback to the people to whom you gave a lot of money :/
As far as manufacturers, I've tried running this on Apple, Dell, Gateway, and desktop boxes I built over the years. There isn't much of a difference between any of them.
It doesn't save a configuration by default. It gets the recommended resolution from the display and uses that. You can set custom resolutions from xorg.conf, or more easily with a ~/.xsession file but it's not required if you are happy with the defaults for your monitor.
> It definitely needs one to run properly (xorg.conf).
Nope, not for many years.
With that said I haven't had any real issues with X itself in a long time. It is usually with the drivers in Mesa/Nvidia or the kernel with newer hardware which eventually gets fixed.
I have never had the problem you've described, most issue I've encountered (my VGA/GPU were all Intel/NVIDIA) can be fixed (using pseudo console, SSH, chroot etc...) without reinstall (which doesn't really fix the root cause). The issues you've mentioned, try to look for workarounds from distro wiki or stackoverflow (sister sites), or even Gentoo/Arch Docs, try to get mentor who's a Linux veteran will save you time and effort.
I've been running rolling release for many years and it has never broken once after the sysV init -> systemd migration (I did a reinstall). Even Ubuntu / Kubuntu LTS versions have been stable, I wonder if it the VGA/GPU driver causing all the troubles.
Without a doubt, however, Linux based OS's have come a very long way even in just the last 5 years, let alone the last 20. Mint KDE for example, works almost out of the box for me on my 2013 MbPro w/ external 4k monitor (except internal trackpad / Magic Trackpad 2). I suspect I'll be able to remove that "almost" in the next year or two if not sooner and once messing with X config is no longer required, hopefully X (or Wayland) will be stable.
Yeah, let the CADT flow...
Good to know there's an alternative, but to clarify: f.lux is available on Linux as well (the statement makes it as if it weren't, just not open-source).
I have mostly been retired for a long while, and usually try to limit my work time to 4 hours a day. I want that 4 hours to be as productive as possible, and right now my little MacBook is a bit more productive. Cost is not an issue.
I did try something called minilinux before though that I downloaded off a bbs. I think it was 4 floppies :)
Still using linux to this day both at home and work.
That is some serious phone bill.
Do I want to replace Lightroom, Sketch, Pixelmator, 1Password and Alfred with inferior replacements? No, because my livelihood depends on good tools and I think it's fair to pay money for them.
1Password definitely has replacements that aren't inferior. Alfred is OS specific tuning and you can easily get settings you enjoy on your Linux desktop.
Even if all my software ran on Linux I still wouldn't have the peace of mind that walking in a store and buying an Apple laptop offers. I would have to research models or order and wait for an XPS to arrive in order to have a machine that is sure to work.
Sketch and Pixelmator, to me, operate in a significantly smoother way, and make doing basic tasks substantially easier. The biggest thing that comes to mind for Sketch/Inkscape is exporting sections of the larger project file into individual assets. It's a breeze in sketch. It's integrated in the main UI, it operates in a predictable way, and it just works. Inkscape pulls you through a series of menus, and doesn't have any way to remember how you've previously separated up your assets (unless there's some way to do that deeply hidden in the UI that I could never find).
So yes, Sketch and Pixelmator, and most well-known creative software (anything in the Adobe suite, the Affinity Suite, etc) is generally significantly ahead of the open source options. Would I prefer it otherwise, sure, but the open source options aren't used by that many professionals, and are generally swimming upstream to implement features the commercial ones already have, instead of creating the next great feature (whatever that is) or streamlining their UI to make easier to use.
I've tried darktabke and the UI is a mess, same with Gimp. A lot of open source software is unpolished and lacking in documentation. If that is elitist so be it.
Nice read, gives me more faith in my choice.
This is why I jumped from Ubuntu on a Dell XPS 13 9343 (Early 2015) to a new MacBook Pro (Late 2016, non-touch). I was tired of being surprised when things worked well.
I gave it a good shot -- five months of tweaking, five months of reinstalls and forum posts and being back on the Linux Train with everything. But it just got so old. Workarounds for workarounds, unpredictability, lack of interoperability with my other devices... I just couldn't do it anymore. Linux rarely delights.
I still keep Elementary OS on a desktop (it too has some oddities, but it's mostly smooth sailing) but on a laptop, when I'm out of my home and really want to just get work done, I haven't found anything as pleasing as OS X.
I enjoyed Linux for learning how to tweak things, but sometimes I want to use the computer, not configured it. And Ubuntu was always needing configuration.
Last time I used Windows for my workhorse was Vista.
No wonder so many people are moving to Sketch.
(disclaimer: I write Filmulator)
3-4 years ago they seem to have changed (apparently to make things closer to photoshop, is my guess?), and now it seems like the UI sucks for everybody.
the guy (a pro photographer) explains how to make GIMP less ugly and more usable.
After moving to 16.10, the only thing that doesn't work is the fingerprint reader.
I also buy the systems for most of the developers in my company (we do pfSense), and they're also going to be asked to consider the same solution on future upgrades.
The desktop environment (Pantheon) is installable in Ubuntu, though.
Once in a while you might end up with a messed up situation that might require some effort to fix.
It's trying really hard to imitate Apple – they even have these "Human Interface Guidelines" somewhere that read like some sort of Apple parody. In reality it's a fake, thin veneer of a user interface bolted onto a generic Linux distribution. Apple software may have their own faults. I think most of the whining is just boredom, but iTunes for example is definitely not the pinnacle of UI. But the beauty of macOS has always been in getting some things exactly right with the competence and attention of a master craftsman/woman. I'd name text rendering as an example, or sleep.
Elementary OS is made by people who think wearing a turtleneck makes them Steve Jobs, but they just don't get that you also have to throw a prototype or two at your CXOs from time to time :)
I don't think Linux on the desktop will benefit from such cloning. Just look at Open Office: a UI that perpetually felt four years out of date that probably took five times as many hours of work as the google docs that actually made Office unnecessary.
Ages ago I remember using a login client that allowed you to pick which desktop environment you wanted to use, but I'm not sure how to do it on Ubuntu... I guess I could google around for whatever command-line-and-text-editor-fu is required.
The only thing that becomes messy is that some applications might use Qt, others GTK, and the themes might be inconsistent. Fortunately there's a GTK engine for Qt and a Qt engine for GTK that allow you to have a more unified experience.
The menu also might end up with many applications and the preferred applications for each file type can be a bit hard to manage when you have multiple desktop environments installed.
It's a great way to try out new ones. I tried Ubuntu + Cinnamon before making the jump to Mint.
Personally I love tiled window managers (i3) and urvxt for a terminal and I prefer my gui programs to be mostly KDE. I am the only person in the world like this.
Welcome to your way (As long as you don't mind working for it)
While true for many Linux fans, the majority of regular Linux users, especially those in the enterprise arena, do not customize anything and simply use it the way it is installed/configured by default - pretty much as they would were they using Windows or MacOS.
I used to enjoy endless customizing (Enlightenment) but that ended up taking the place of actually doing work. These days I leave everything set to default and install as little software as I possibly can.
Fun fact: if you remote login into a OSX machine you wont be allowed to build and publish iOS apps. Apple has disabled that on purpose. Think about that for a minute!
When I see a company resorting to such artificial and globally-detrimental methods in a sorry attempt to retain/lock customers, I feel like it's an implicit admission that they've lost much of their mind-share, their "higher" vision, their "capital of relevance" so to speak.
It's basically a tantrum disconnected from a higher coherent vision, like "if I can't have it, then nobody gets it!" and goes on to break the thing in question.
Jobs' Apple was aggressive and ruthless, but not negative, it really sought to add value to their customers life; it was indeed much more loyal to, and respectful of, said customers (and I suspect much less to its partners). Above all it was damn substantial in its own way, towards its own path: you don't lock X because you can and that's the best you could come up with, you lock X because it makes sense from a business perspective without alienating the user. You may have disliked many of their decisions, the matter of the fact is that in the long run they made sense from a deeper perspective.
Cook's Apple is nothing like that, it's like "hipsters meet hedge funds" philosophy of profit/design, more shady/disingenuous ways of enticing customer pride/lock. Even their marketing can be misguiding nowadays, and while not lying, it's way passed a red line that Jobs never crossed: yes you may sell a lot with a clever marketing twist (not lies per se, but a message that feels as much once you've realized there was intent behind your misunderstanding or misplaced expectations); but in the long run, it hurts your very ability to sell anew, i.e. you traded trust for profit and may end up deserving none.
Such a flawed approach to adding value to the world, making the sector worse off, overall, the more it's entangled in the artificially closed Apple ecosystem. No wonder people have woken up and many are actively trying to escape Apple's garden now, but that's only the 1% of the savviest --most consumers keep buying the latest Macs, often for reasons like customer service (consciously) and social status biases (unconsciously).
If I may use a pop reference, Apple used to be a Vulcan company, now they're closer to a Ferengi clone.
This isn't just an abstract rant, it's a high-level account of all the very real and practical reasons that drove me off the Apple wagon during the past 4 years or so, why I stopped spending $2K/year on their products (did that for a decade) and why I don't recommend Macs/iOS anymore to most of my contacts (and right there is at least 10x my spending, also gone to MS, Google, Dell, Samsung, HTC, ASUS, etc.)
I know this all may sound harsh and a bit hyperbolic, but it's basically my way of saying it's little things like these that show, or rather raises questions, how/whether a company lost its way. About UI/UX on Apple products for instance, or software quality in general, or the hardware philosophy of sleek/hot/not powerful Macs, the first signs were already there by 2013: the current situation isn't surprising if you were deep into the Apple ecosystem and paying attention to such aspects, in painful detail I agree. Right at the same moment MS changed and became Nadella's opened, software-first, partner-friendly company, and even if not obvious at all some years ago, their current situation isn't surprising either looking at how details, little events here and there in the MS ecosystem, painted a very clear picture towards that vision.
If I were invested in Apple right now, as a consumer or investor, I wouldn't trust their ability to remain "above" or "equal to" MS/Google by 2020, in terms of OS/software/services. Not saying they won't, but there's momentum to reverse there, it's currently downhill (and much faster than I had anticipated, Windows 10 or Android really are on par nowadays, if not actually better on many such "details"). The question is whether Apple under several CEOs will prove to be an IBM or a Microsoft: can this 20th century company effectively embrace new paradigms? Can they move past their previous decisions, which may have made sense at the time, but would eventually grow to become obsolete or even flawed as computing and behaviors evolve in time? How is their internal culture conducive to such change, how much does it impede meaningful design and innovation currently?
1) Typing sudo before everything. Entering your password everytime OS farts. Geez. Even installing nodejs required to type sudo, meanwhile on macOS - brew install node. Also Ubuntu has outdated packages (nodejs version in their "up do date" repository starts with a zero, need to hunt down ppas, I mean at this point package repository loses it's point, because it's easier to go to the package's website and download it than googling out two ppas and checking which one is more legit, buut then you run into another issue - windows has exe files, macos has dmg files, linux has a zip file and it's not recommended to install this way, what a royal mess).
2) No good dock software. There's plank, xfce, kde provides almost "docks", but all plainly suck. What I want from dock - notifications in dock on app icon (you got 2 unread messages in skype, mail app, messenger, etc etc - show a little overlay on the icon with number "2") and tasks in submenu - right click on skype icon - common tasks like changing online status, right click on music player icon - show Play/Pause, Skip song, etc etc. There's a bazillion choices and every linux fanboy touts about the POWER OF CHOICE - but all choices suck (so you could say there's no choice, there's even no one option).
3) I really love global app menu. Well, I was told Linux has THE customizability... Apparently not when you want something more technically difficult than one of the same tilling wm or conky config - for the most part using jaytana and vala global menu worked, but IntelliJ IDEA's globbal menu entries did nothing on click and some gtk3 software didn't hid their own app menu, so not really working well. Customizability my ass.
I like linux on server, it's allright there (although FreeBSD with clearly defined base system and /usr is actually designed), but as a desktop OS - not even close.
You can add the NOPASSWD option to your sudoers file. Something like this :
ldev ALL=(ALL:ALL)NOPASSWD: ALL
> Even installing nodejs required to type sudo
You can alias 'apt-get' to 'sudo apt-get'. No more forgetting to type sudo
Your larger point about Linux usability is valid. There is a lack of the attention to detail with Linux, probably because of the dearth of resources since people furiously refuse to monetize the ecosystem
Somehow never noticed that on macOS - either applications are designed better and only known long tasks change the cursor, or there's a system wide control - show spinner near cursor only if app was in busy state for 500 ms or something.
This year tried out Ubuntu, elementaryOS, Manjaro and Solus. Well, Solus on boot on my system had a black screen, and when booted in VirtualBox on Windows - black screen but atleast network notification showed that I'm connected to the internet, after I dismissed the notification - black screen again.
Man, stick to 16.04, add PlayDEB and the official MESA releases.
If you want something recent based on GNU/Linux, desktop oriented, and fast, get SolusOS.
There is a new such update for 16.04 at the end of this month. It is the 16.04.02 update.
Over the first year after I bought the older X1, my battery life got an extra hour or so because of i915 module improvements. (I was following latest arch kernels)
I've successfully followed a modified version of this guide's steps to install Ubuntu to a bootable USB drive and am very satisfied with it.
-> Right now, if you can, have all three operating systems available, according to your needs and each system's software coverage strengths and weaknesses.
Expanding (and this is where it might get controversial): If you game (for real), make music (for real) or produce video (for real), you are stuck with Windows...
-> Mac OS X comes really close for video and graphics, BUT, for rendering shit out you are still going to want a fully loaded multi-gpu rig, and you can't legally install OS X on that.
-> For music production, Mac OS X is already used in lots of shops, but if you like experimenting, you are still going to miss a bunch of audio plugins that are free and readily available for the Win32 ecosystem. Also, setting up low latency audio and plugins on Windows is a breeze.
-> If you build a gaming rig, you're stuck with Windows as well for the same performance reasons.
Here's what I am doing right now:
[On the go] I have a good-ish Macbook. The reason I chose a mac was because at the time I bought it (4 years ago), they were the only ones offering real 6h+ battery life. I'm usually on the move so I like to always have a box with me to squeeze some study/code in between the daily downtime. If I install Ubuntu or Windows on this laptop, battery is used 30% quicker, so no can do.
[At the home office] I produce music and game on a pretty beefy Windows rig. I need to boot to Windows because of the low latency/realtime requirements of gaming and live audio. When I need to code I just fire up a fullscreen Ubuntu VM (with like, 8gb of dedicated ram) and code away. This VM even finds and uses all my displays so I'm fully immersed, and performance for development is quite good (C and Python dev, mostly Eclipse CDT and Pycharm).
This setup is more complex than the usual, but I'm always fiddling with lots of stuff and this is how I keep myself happy and productive. I don't want to spend all day long configuring and compromising, trying to fit all my needs in one OS, it's just not going to happen. I think I'm better off actually doing real work ;)
Are you using VirtualBox? VMWare? I have had hell getting this to work properly.
In the VM config, be sure to set virtual displays to the same number of monitors you have/are using on Windows. Then install the guest addons on your distro and make sure it is working correctly (ex.: you don't need to lock your mouse inside the VM, etc).
Sometimes, "guest addons" version mismatch causes the video driver to do funny stuff or just not work at all, falling back to svga, so I recommend (as much as I dislike this course of action) that you install the same "guest addons" pack on your Linux guest that comes with your instaled VirtualBox. That means not using the distro-packaged version of it (Ubuntu/Debian has the pack on their repos but they are usually outdated).
Also, up the Vm's VIDEO MEMORY to like 128mb or so. It starts too low on VBox's default config and without a big enough framebuffer, even with everything working perfectly you won't see your displays resize to full resolution. If you can make your windows really tiny and the desktop resizes accordingly, but can't make them change size dynamically once you get to a certain point, it's probably lacking virtual video memory.
Hope I could help!
Sleep is still kinda annoying. Every once in a while my machine ends up not going to sleep when I close the lid and I end up with a hot brick at 2% battery when I take it out of my bag. TBF this has happened to me with MBPs too, though.
Battery life is a major differentiator. Mac wins there for all normal use cases.
Beyond this, a couple apps were still of the wrong font scaling so I had to tweak them individually. Lastly the console and boot fonts have to be changed separately but there was an online link that gave me the command line settings to make those happen. In the end the effort was not not much more than I dealt with in Windows.
First being drivers, second being software patents.
With regards to drivers there are two variants of the issue.
The first is buggy proprietary drivers.
Please stop insisting on using Nividia hardware under Linux just because they offer a proprietary driver pack. That driver pack is a mess and a half, and most of the complaints i have seen levied against X11 can be explained by said proprietary drivers being in use.
The second is buggy hardware hidden by proprietary Windows drivers.
This is why you see all kinds of power management issues under Linux. All too often the hardware will claim to support being suspended, but never come back to life one done so. Manufacturers knows of this, and will implement workarounds in their official drivers.
As for software patents, they result in FOSS having to wait some 20 years to implement "bleeding obvious" features to avoid getting sued.
Do the laptops ship with rotational HDDs? IMHO comparing this to a MacBook (with its PCIe SSD) if it has a rotational HDD is disingenuous.
I replaced my root partition HDD with an SSD in 2009 and I'm never going back.
On the weekend I picked up a laptop I ordered during boxing day sales. An asus rog with a gtx 1070 in it. More for going to gaming events and that, but I put linux mint on the second hard drive so I can mess around from time to time. Haven't tested the web cam, but most things seem to work fine. I guess time will tell if it's something I want to move to (still use a mac at work)
I'm my experience can be totally true if you have an Nvidia Graphic card (I run almost every games on my desktop) but it can also be false if you have something else (my laptop have an Integrated Intel graphic and I can run nothing).
The author have a ThinkPad X1 Carbon, which have a newer version of Intel graphic and it looks like he achieves to run games, so maybe there is some progress on that front also.
Personally the bigger irritation has been printer drivers. I have a Canon Pixma Pro 1 which has no drivers for Linux, forcing me to maintain out of date Windows systems to print with, at which point one can spend a thousand years defibrillating half-baked theories on color management and virtualization, or crushingly accept a partial solution.
Canon: GIVE US LINUX DRIVERS.
Most likely, if I would switch to Linux, just use DarkTable and figure things out.
One huge benefit of all of us switching to Linux, would be demand for good solutions for our problems, both as a potential providers of those solutions, as well as market.
Windows 10 worked really smoothly on the other hand. And now that it has a proper shell I am starting to like Windows again...
Lightroom is amazing piece of software for its purpose, but the vendor lock-in of 9 years of raws stored and edited() with Lightroom means I'll need some LR machine unless I want to create my photo library again. On the other hand I haven't seen other as well streamlined photography workflow + raw application.
Of course I can export the good photos as JPEGs/Tiffs out of LR but then I'll miss the non-destructive history of edits and have to rework metadata etc...
> I've been a super hardcore Lightroom user and lover, but eventually found Darktable and am perfectly happy with it now. Its ergonomics take a little while to get used to though.
I know one pro photographer that use Darktable, not because its free but because it has some fancy algorithms that Lightroom lacks.
I truly like the idea of Darktable, but converting existing photo library to Darktable is big and problematic job and the workflow + UX feels really painful.
Sure there are other apps with great Algorithms for RAW editing like Capture One but that's another workflow/UX killer. Lightroom is actually quite awesome compromise between the quality, workflow and UX.
Drivers for some things are missing or are not performing as comparable Hardware does under OS X, it gets even worse when you're struggling with HiDPI: Have you ever tried to have one non-HiDPI and one HiDPI screen as when using your QHD laptop screen together with a FullHD secondary monitor? Total pain in the ass under Ubuntu and in contrast very easy on OS X.
How is the Pad sensitivity on that combo (i.e. X1 Carbon + Ubuntu + Gnome3)
Also: do you have the double finger scroll thing, what about the double tap for secondary mouse button? also three finger move and four finger gestures?
One of the things I love about my Mac is how easy to use the trackpad is with all of its features.
(the other things are durability and being a POSIX system, both covered apparently by the lenovo and being a Linux).
I won't pay an extra 1000USD or more for it though, especially if it's reasonably ok in the X1 for instance
For play (gaming + photography) it's a no go. Stuck with Windows for a while longer I suppose.
On the other hand, on my desktop I had a lot of issues with random system freezes, and with the audio. My headset would have a constant crackling and the graphics card had quite a few issues.
As with most things, YMMV.
What?! Ha. It almost seems like post-Jobs Apple "innovates" by removing classic user interfaces.
It's actually pretty much in the same place (touchable area is bigger than the visual button) and I'm pretty certain it displays at all times.
Missing the feedback is more than understandable criticism (that I agree with) but muscle memory of hitting the key in the first place itself shouldn't really change, hasn't for me - as someone who does use vim a fair amount.
Perfectly working hardware (routers, dongles, laptops, mobiles ..) is declared EOL and gradually becomes less functional and more of a security issue.
Destructive recycling could be an option, but damn, we are talking about "perfectly working devices", with a real value and a pretty high environmental cost.
How do you deal with them?
I am especially fond of the Guake terminal (http://guake-project.org). It is just a translucent terminal that swoops up/down from the top with a keypress.
In the meantime I'm still holding out hope that Apple saves the Mac. Sigh.
What I'm missing on my Ubuntu computer is Word and Excel. LibreOffice is very far from the quality of Word. So I use my Mac when I have to write word documents but the Mac interface is a pain.
I had a windows laptop but although the hardware was good it was very slooooow at start up. It needed 30minutes to be ready to be usable (reboot or wake up) and without any roaming and with virus checking disabled. That's useless.
The only serious problem in my field with Ubuntu is that many people use Word as document format and this is annoying.
I have used Libreoffice's Writer with some degree of success. My dissertation was written in it and some of its specific features are actually more advanced than the Word counterparts, mainly: automatically numbering pictures and tables, auto-TOCs and formatting styles. Word does all that but Writer is way more flexible in this regard.
What I couldn't adapt to, though, was the gap between MS Excel and Libreoffice's Calc. The difference in functionality and usability is huge :-( Just try to properly format a bunch of cells in Calc and you'll realize how cumbersome and painful it is.
The virtual machine approach works nicely but then you have another box to mantain. Since mine is just for Office I leave it Internet-less and that makes for another set of adaptations (ex.: how to put and remove content to the VM, need to use CIFS/Samba for that, etc).
That's a rather kafkaesque way of putting it.
Strange, Darktable can do that too, very well and easier than on Gimp.