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> IMHO the shannon limit and basic laws of RF/path loss and channel capacity say that satellite is not a true competitor to backbone links by singlemode fiber. For the equivalent of "last mile" services, yes, but not as a replacement for laying fiber between points A and B.

The filing states they'll be using free space optics / lasers between satellites. The Ka/Ku links are only for the initial uplink and downlink.

> But it's a pipe dream to say that satellite backhaul will ever be preferable to fiber carrying N x 10GbE circuits or a 100GbE circuit...

It is not a pipe dream. Free space optics in... well space, have a 50% propagation latency advantage vs terrestrial fiber. This helps equalize things somewhat.

> The Ka/Ku links are only for the initial uplink and downlink.

Then there's a huge bottleneck, if the links from the satellite constellation as a whole to the trunk earth stations (not the CPEs) are high capacity Ka-band, there's RF issues with capacity...

It's like if you have a network that's composed of a whole lot of 10GbE backbone links from router to router and your IP transit connection to upstream ISPs/the global v4/v6 routing table goes through one 1000BaseLX link.

No, it's nothing like that. They're talking about highly localized signals via phased arrays on both sides. Additionally you underestimate the capacity of wireless: LTE has no problem doing 30 bits per 1 hz of spectrum. These will run at a lot more than a 1 gbit globally shared last mile.

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