The "macaroni" outfits shown are only a slight exaggeration of 18th century European male formal dress. The 20th century equivalent would be a zoot suit vs. a business suit.
They make the argument that this commentary, in particular caricatures, were a driving force behind the macaroni's change in perception in the public eye.
Perhaps these caricatures were motivated by a city vs country thing, but seeing as there were caricatures created in the cities this seems unlikely.
English commentators... variously referred to macaronis as "that doubtful gender," "hermaphrodites," and "amphibious creatures."
One song described a macaroni as thus: "His taper waist, so strait and long, / His spindle shanks, like pitchfork prong, / To what sex does the thing belong? / ’Tis call’d a Macaroni."
The Oxford Magazine similarly described the macaroni as not belonging to the gender binary: "There is indeed a kind of animal, neither male, nor female, a thing of neuter gender, lately started up among us. It is called a Macaroni. It talks without meaning, it smiles without pleasure, it eats without appetite, it rides without exercise, it wenches without passion."
in the early 1770s, Mary Darly, a cartoonist by trade, devoted so much energy to caricaturing macaronis that her store in London became known as "The Macaroni Print Shop." Darly’s ridicule of macaronis became the first widespread use of the caricature as a means of social commentary.
Your third quote is especially unpersuasive; it lists "neither male nor female" side by side with many other obviously hyperbolic insults, all of which are to the effect "they're unnatural". And one of them specifically says that macaronis are given to womanizing.
The fact that it was noteworthy and the main focus of commentary also implies that it deviated from the norms of the time.
More specifically, hermaphroditism does not have any clear implication of homosexuality, and a neuter gender has an implication of no sexuality. That doubtful gender is the strongest possible insinuation, but still weak given it clearly targets gender.
These all seem to be immasculating insults, and much more convincing arguments would need to be made to infer the implication of homosexuality. In fact, even the article points to masculinity being the overriding theme.
If there were clearer contemporaneous examples of these phrases more unambiguously implying homosexuality, that would be more convincing.
To the classical Romans, a man having sex with men was considered to be demonstrating greater masculinity (if he was topping) than one having sex with women; women were soft targets (as a Latin teacher of mine put it, "anatomically passive" and therefore not so much of an accomplishment).
Men have commonly been called foppish or effeminate as a way to insult them. It has absolutely zero to do with homosexuality. I guess the closest we have is the metrosexual, or lumbersexual, but our society is heterogeneous. Back then there was just one way to look rich, urbane, and sharp -- and country, colonial fobs in the hinterlands didn't like it so much. The feelings were mutual.
Whether these critiques of macaronis insinuated homosexuality is debated. Certainly it is difficult to generalize one way or other: though some commentators appeared to frame macaronis in terms of same-sex attraction, not all did.
My main point was that the article was citing actual discourse from the time, and that was not at all consistent with a city vs country narrative.
 clarified further
Without his shaving razor
Ate so much his pants got tight
And called himself a hipster
Get you astir
Give a razor
To that hipster
Hell, if there is a verifiable record of a time period in which a significant fraction of the established generation wasn't moaning on about how the next generation was ruining everything, I'd like to know about it.
HMMPH! AUSTRALOPITHECUS THINK HIM SO
GOOD WITH ANIMAL PELT. ME SHOW HIM!
ME IMPRESS CAVE LADY WITH SUCH SMOOTH
ROCK. THEN HIM NOT THINK HIM SO GOOD
That's not at all what people mean when they talk about 'hipsters'.
And yes, according to Wikipedia you are absolutely correct!
Some of the very many similar alternative terms
are: "coxcomb", fribble, "popinjay" (meaning
"parrot"), fashion-monger, and "ninny". "Macaroni"
was another term, of the 18th century, more
specifically concerned with fashion.
For some inexplicable reason I feel that it is much more likely that they were nursed by a prostitute than by a wolf ;-)
On the note of ancient literature, it's amusing to note that penis jokes have been around for over 2000 years, some things just never get old.
Alcibiades was know for this if you have read your Thucydides
Personally I am annoyed by hipster culture because it's often pretentious and judgemental of others while living off family money, confuses materialistic fetishizing of certain kinds of brands with genuine authenticity, and fundamentally is an expression of narcissism. I could care less what gender they express.
Looks like Macaronis were not hipsters. One cannot separate a hipster from his coffee and brew.
Quite an interesting topic, actually:
Next you'll be telling me the Oscar Meyer song isn't about baloney but some hipster tofu loaf infused with sirachi sauce.
This behavior was satirized in Portlandia's "Over" sketch.
Just curious if there are places in the US where you wouldn't necessarily hear the song as a child.
today treated as a patriotic anthem
Not in the america I grew up in. It has simple lyrics, a familiar tune and easy to instruct children to learn and play an instrument to
We were never taught the actual meaning of the lyrics in school, but we did learn the song.
Reading through the lyrics it seems oddly awestruck by the state of the continental army. Men were thick as Hasty Pudding, eating enormous quantities of food, and the talk of Captain Washington makes him sound loved by the men. It should be noted however that the dandy in the song sees the massive graves being dug and runs back home in the end.
If it's supposed to be an insulting song it doesn't land very hard, at least to modern ears. The only one insulted is the titular dandy who is clearly not man enough to die for his country.