> so that even rogue states can benefit
Open source any amount of safety protocals, and pray that they get used, and you'll acquaint yourself with disappointment.
People who concoct nuclear programs are toying with suicide, and their level of interest in safety can be understood by their decision to weaponize such a thing to begin with.
Meanwhile, cap such a program with a lone psychotic emperor, prone to fits of cruel and unusual punishment, and see what he does on a bad day, as his body ages, and he grows crankier with every waking morning. Now surround him with an echo-chamber of eager-to-please, hawkish, testosterone-fueled military upstarts.
Sounds like a pretty cool video game plot.
A despot's pet nuclear project is likely to have an authentic red button (provided in any variety of interfaces, telephone, mechanical lock and key, fingerprint authenticated, whatever). If one imagines themselves as a despot, the ego almost demands it.
Between the despot, The Button, and the operational weapons, there are many layers of human factors. Maybe the red button is a placebo, and the underlings, being less suicidal than their singular leader, would never permit the button to perform its dreaded task, but is that assured?
Yes, very paralizing when there's a shortage of central directives. Not so much when the leadership is happy to show his initiative. What did you think of the innovation of executing high officials using a cannon?
"When I'm wounded, I go after people hard and I try to unwound myself."
If failed Presidents have had one thing in common its a failure to recognize their own limitations and failings before or after-the-fact. Again, no fan of the guy, but I think the scare-mongering is overblown.
If you like, it seems a classic example of narcissistic rage: Trump invests so much psychological effort in maintaining his self-image, in the face of what appears to have been a childhood lacking normal parental social support, that any attempt to undermine that image is to him an existential threat that demands immediate and overwhelming aggression in response, until the targeted individual responds by agreeing to accept and thus reinforce what is a grandiose illusion.
Really, we haven't seen someone like this anywhere near the White House since late-stage Nixon (when Kissinger had firm control of the reins -- and, allegedly, had standing orders for military, DoD and State to ignore any orders from the President himself, particularly those regarding the nuclear codes). It's virtually impossible to predict his actions, because he's driven by an immediate need to assuage his sense of victimization.
Frankly, I don't think they are any different in that regard. Neither would be willing to accept the responsibility of being impeached/etc in order to avoid a larger confrontation. Second term Obama on the other hand probably would, I think he has changed in that regard. I say that because he seems to be doing a fine job of realizing that we can't solve the Syrian problem with more guns/bombs. See Libya, etc...