That being said, there are some programs that are simply horrible at introducing these ideas to kids. There are large summer camp organizations spread across many locations that have over-commercialized the summer camp business, who have become skilled at leaving parents oblivious to the true level of education their kids are receiving. A kid who loves Minecraft will be thrilled by the brief exposure to Java code while modding it, followed by hours of playing Minecraft on rented computers (something they can easily do on their own at home).
In my particular niche of summer education, there are countless programs that do an absolute disservice to kids trying to learn something outside of their normal schoolwork during the summer. They are placated by simple copy-and-paste coding, drag-and-drop blocks that they could easily discover on their own, and the trivial blinking of LEDs. Becoming a maker requires a commitment to learning on the part of students, and an organization willing to accept the challenge of teaching it.
I've worked with brilliant 8 year olds that absorb programming like sponges, and I've had reticent teenagers who discover a passion for computer science through Java game development. I've also had the kids who refuse to make an effort to learn despite my best efforts. More than anything, the experience of teaching real computer science to kids has taught me that it's not for everyone, and that's not a bad thing at all. As long as every kid understands what technology can do and what problems it can solve, they can be effective adults in our rapidly modernizing society.
Over-scheduling, scripted play, etc in my mind hampers a childs ability to develop deep imagination and creativity.
Checkout the unschooling or self-directed learning movement.
to anyone reading that has these tendencies, let me just tell you, this is not healthy for children.
if you undermine a child's natural curiosity and propensity to learn undirected, the only thing you are undermining is your own credibility in their eyes.
Take it with a grain of salt because my own child is only 4 right now, but I'm leaning toward encouraging her to take a year off after high school and starting college a little later. If I could do anything over again, it'd be that, as the extra year of maturity would have helped.
The other thing to think about is how quickly do you want your kids to grow up? You don't get a do-over on childhood and assuming a stable family life, that's a time to really enjoy everything going on around you. There's a balance to be had, and you can continue to promote advanced academics without having to sacrifice childhood. I'm from an immigrant family and part of the reason I work hard is the same reason my parents did - so that my kids can just be kids and not have to rush to the workforce, but I do admittedly have a pretty even blend of American and Italian professional and social values.
I don't know if a 16-year-old would fit in as well at a big party school where they'd never be able to partake in much of the social scene (legally), though.
Sitting outside bored on a stump doing nothing productive was more "harmful" for my development than spending hours on the computer playing an MMO. On the MMO I learned social interactions, supply and demand, how bronze is made, puzzle-solving skills, how to touch type, and even got to delve into some basic statistics (drop rates, DPS calculations).
My father saw it as "wasting time playing some video game" instead of "playing outside". Thankfully my mother had watched me play the game and saw that I was actually learning and benefiting from it in a fun environment and would allow me to play more or less as long as I wanted after my homework was finished. Other benefit: this was the only time in my life I ever did my homework.
We dont play regular video games whatsoever.
That said, I do know some parents who don't need to over-schedule their kids' time (that is, one parent does not work, or has a flexible schedule), but still do it because they don't know how to just their kids be kids. Every wasted moment is a moment their kids aren't being prepared for college.
but hey it all turned out ok in the end, so just my .02
It may just be confimation bias, but when I look around me, people that are fine with sitting a sunday in their garden and enjoy a book, are more content with their life, than people that have the next 9 weekends booked with various activities.
So, anecdotal, but don't be too busy!
If you can, allow yourself 5 minutes each day without apps, music or even books. It's worth it.
"conciousness" -> "consciousness", but what you mean is actually "conscience".
In the US: "the 9-month calendar that most schools operate on was established when 85% of Americans (and students) were involved in agriculture, and when climate control did not exist in school buildings. In today's United States, only about 3% of Americans are engaged in agriculture [and] most schools have air conditioning." The result is a roughly one month loss in education level over the three month break, depending on parental involvement (the kids whose parents are less involved in brain enriching activities lose more). 
What experiment would you perform? To falsify what hypothesis?
That said, I don't really think itd be a good use of time proving that boredom can be good.
This also applies to grown-ups.
Really, we should all get a summer vacation. Obviously, doing it all at the same time would be problematic, but the standard ten or fifteen days off over the whole year is just stupid. I would kill for two and a half months off to learn some hard things and get some projects done.
TFA pretty clearly indicates that they're recommending kids be forced to design their own activities to overcome boredom, not have their summer pre-planned by their parents with "chess camp, art school, cooking classes, or tennis lessons."
Since most people only read the headline, as stated this seems like justification for parents depriving their kids of options in a sterile environment (or just banning whatever the latest moral panic is) while telling themselves, "Boredom is good for you!"