And how is that different from my iTunes example?
That's what makes the data useful and that's what makes it a privacy issue at the same time.
How does sending the same list of conditional probabilities for liking pairs of bands to everyone's device and then having the device pick out the ones actually pertinent to your library compromise your privacy?
What I'm saying is that if Apple keeps data on its servers that is sufficient to predict some of my actions or likes with any accuracy greater than 50%, then that is a privacy concern.
But if you're saying that the data in Apple's database does not have any predictive power on its own, then I agree that it is not a privacy concern.
In that case, my device would have to download some of Apple's data and combine it with data that resides only on my device in order to make a prediction locally on my device.
If that's how it works then I have no concerns.
They even limit the number of samples they get from a specific person so they can't filter out the noise for that person and get their individual response.
But, keep in mind that Apple will have records of all your iTunes rentals and purchases at least for billing purposes. However, at least in the US there's a law about keeping that data private (because of Robert Bork).