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"If a dog dies hungry on the banks of the River Euphrates, Umar will be responsible for dereliction of duty."

can you explain what it means? English is not my first language and I'm having difficulty getting the meaning out of this sentence.

Paraphrasing - If a dog starves/drowns, the ruler is responsible for their failure to perform their duties (keep the dog safe).

More or less saying everything is the responsibility of the ruler, no matter how small the task, I think.

Thanks :-)

Dereliction of duty means that the person shamefully abandoned or failed to fulfill their obligation.

In this case, it's Umar letting the dog die of hunger instead of keeping the dog well fed.

I see, thanks for explaining :-)

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