- Competitive Strategy by Michael Porter. (But just reading the HBR On Strategy book is probably good enough to get you started.)
- Positioning by Trout & Ries
If you search for things like 'marketing channels map', there are plenty of results. But it's more important to have a few key tactics that play into your strategy, and then your engagement with the rest of the marketing channels is going to be pretty generic for most businesses.
And I don't think there is an authoritative encyclopedia of business models, or at least there wasn't the last time I looked into it.
Yes, such a high-level overview would be valuable, if only to provide business model names/types for web searches. Along those lines, there is a small book called "The Decision Book: 50 Models for Strategic Thinking", oriented to individual decisions. Each model receives a introduction and illustration, http://www.amazon.com/The-Decision-Book-Strategic-Thinking/d...