In that vein, perhaps one can view code golf as a sort of programming analogue of Oulipo—or maybe even functional programming (try to write code without using mutation!).
Potential Literature is about finding meaning in things. Meaning is human-made anyways, so anyone can find meaning in the most random of things. Having a randomly-generated, but still structured, text can allow for new meaning to come through. Think SubredditSimulator - generating random stuff, and letting the users find/create meaning for it.
ALAMO, the computer branch of Oulipo
This one is golden. "A time for childhood, a time for death, a time for death's childhood".