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Here I thought a kilogram was defined by water... oh well, looks like that definition is slightly outdated.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litre#Rough_conversions




The used to be defined as one kg of water, but it is not an official SI unit (it is part of the SI accepted metric system, which does not require such rigorous definitions).


> The used to be defined as one kg of water

I think you meant 'one litre'


One kg of water is definitely one kg.


One kg and one litre of water are the same thing.


Inofficially, it has been. Technically, it's not quite true. Water has a density of 999.97 kg/m³.


That's unfortunate. How did it come to be that way?


Water is too hard to keep constant, and too hard to reproduce. Keeping it exactly in 1dm3 is tricky, for example. Not for "regular" use, with a few significant digits of course; but when you're defining fundamental physical constants, atoms count.


At what temperature?


"water at the melting point of ice" from an old definition


Exactly, so you need to add that or it won't be true most of the time.


Not really. Because of temperature, usitipe composition, etc, the weight of a liter of water is not precise enough for physicists.


That depends on the temperature ...


At 0C


The litre is defined as 1dm^3, the mass-based definition was dropped in '64.




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